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Flashcards in unit 9 multi choice Deck (88):
1

1) Which of the following is the best psychological description for intelligence?

a. how creative a person is
b. how much a person knows
c. how well a person can understand, reason, and cognitively adapt to obstacles
d. how "street smart" a person is

c

2

The average score on most IQ tests is

100

3

Francis has his intelligence tested and receives a score of 100. Given the norm for
most intelligence tests, Francis' score is
a. extremely below average.

Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,

Chapter 9: Intelligence Testing

Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 2 of 45
b. slightly below average.
c. average.
d. above average.

average

4

Misha receives a score of 115 on a standardized intelligence test. This indicates that
Misha is _______ standard deviations __________ average.

one, above

5

Binet and Simon considered children behind in their schooling if their
a. mental age equalled their chronological age.
b. mental age were lower than their chronological age.
c. mental age were higher than their chronological age.
d. mental age did not equal their chronological age.

b

6

Binet and Simon measured children using what new concept?

mental age

7

Binet and Simon originally developed their famous test to

identify children who might have difficulty in school.

8

________, a professor of psychology at Stanford University, revised Binet and
Simon's test so it could be used with American school children.

lewis terman

9

The formula that uses chronological age (CA) and mental age (MA) to calculate the
intelligence quotient is:

(MA ÷ CA) × 100.

10

) Who has the highest IQ?
a. Clarissa, with a mental age of 9 and a chronological age of 9.
b. Matt, with a mental age of 9 and a chronological age of 10.
c. Cecilee, with a mental age of 9 and a chronological age of 7.
d. Morgan, with a mental age of 7 and a chronological age of 7.

c

11

Twelve-year- old Arnold received an IQ test score of 75. Using the original definition
for IQ, what is his mental age?

a

12

13) What is the IQ of a 10-year- old with a mental age of 8?

80

13

Based on IQ score as calculated by Terman, a student with an IQ score of 120 is
likely to answer IQ test questions like someone who is age _____, even though the
student is _____.

12, 10

14

One of the odd twists in the history of psychology is that Binet and Simon's test
started out as a way to measure____________, but was adapted by others into a measure
of ________________.

academic achievement; innate intelligence

15

What is the most commonly used intelligence for testing adolescents and adults?

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

16

The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale provides a Full Scale IQ measurement, but
also breaks intelligence into which two indices?

General Ability and Cognitive Proficiency

17

Sam and Julie each scored 110 on the WAIS. Based on their scores, which is true?
a. If Sam scored high in math, then Julie scored high in math.
b. If Sam scored high in comprehension, then Julie scored high in comprehension.
c. Two people with the same IQ score could have very different abilities.
d. Two people with the same IQ score should have the same abilities.

c

18

Zoe wants to test the IQ of a group of ESL students who do not speak any English.
What test might you recommend to her?

ravens progressive matrices

19

Which of the following kinds of items would most likely be found on a culture-free
IQ test?
a. visual pattern completion
b. sentence completion
c. vocabulary recognition
d. general information

a

20

What is a dominant characteristic of culture-free IQ tests?

minimal verbal skills required

21

) The cousin of Charles Darwin who suggested that the unusual eminence of his own
family was due to genetic gifts was

sir franci galton

22

Which of the following is representative of Sir Francis Galton's perspective on
intelligence?

b

23

Which researcher tried to measure intelligence by using perceptual tests?
a. Alfred Binet
b. Theodore Simon
c. Sir Francis Galton
d. Charles Spearman

c

24

According to your textbook, researchers have found a strong positive relationship
between intelligence and ________________.

working memory capacity

25

Which of the following is true about the relationship between the brain and
intelligence scores?
a. Brain size, but not the degree of convolution, is correlated with intelligence scores.
b. The degree of convolution, but not brain size, is correlated with intelligence scores.
c. Both the size and degree of convolution of the cortex are correlated with intelligence
scores.
d. Neither the size, nor the degree of convolution of the cortex, are correlated with
intelligence scores.

c

26

Which of the following was true about the brain of Albert Einstein?

Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,

Chapter 9: Intelligence Testing

Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 14 of 45
a. It was heavier than the average human brain.
b. It was smaller and lighter than the average human brain.
c. Its weight was average for a human brain.
d. It was never studied.

b

27

Which of the following best describes the relationship between a person's brain size,
and his or her intelligence?
a. There is no relationship between brain size and intelligence.
b. Brain size is correlated with intelligence, but the relationship is complicated and poorly
understood.
c. Large brain size is a consistent predictor of high intellectual ability.
d. Small brain size is a consistent predictor of high intellectual ability.
Correct: While brain size is moderately correlated with intelligence, other factors may
account for individual differences.

b

28

Who was the inventor of the statistical technique called factor analysis, a method that
compares results of different correlational measures to identify patterns, or "factors,"
among them?

charles spearman

29

Who would have supported the notion that intelligence resulted from a single ability
and could be represented by a single test score?

spearman

30

According to Spearman, it is one's ________ intelligence that produces the positive
correlations found between math, reading scores, and visual perception tests.

general

31

Ms. Bouvier is a first grade teacher. She has just given Chelsea a reading test.
Chelsea scored very high in word recognition, so Ms. Bouvier assumes she will score
high on the rest of the test. It is clear that Ms. Bouvier believes in the ____________
factor of intelligence.

g

32

) Terence is a skilled musician, writer, computer programmer, and problem solver. The
fact that Terence is good at so many diverse activities supports the notion of
_____________ intelligence.

general

33

Because Ken's history professor was a college student during the 1970s, he has
extraordinary insight and knowledge of facts concerning the Vietnam War era. This
knowledge is associated with the term

crystalized intelligence

34

Brandon can name all 50 U.S. states and capitals. Which type of intelligence is he
relying most on?

crystallized

35

Megan is very good at solving problems, even though she has had very little formal
training. For example, Megan was able to solve the difficult Rubik's Cube puzzle the first
time she tried. Megan clearly has a high degree of ____________ intelligence.
a. semantic

fluid

36

____________ intelligence allows people to solve problems that they have not
previously experienced, while _____________ intelligence involves applying previous
experience and knowledge to solving a problem.

fluid, crystalized

37

) Vocabulary tests primarily measure ________________ intelligence.

crystalized

38

It is generally the case that most great scientists have their ground-breaking ideas
when they are in early to middle adulthood, but rarely when they are older. What might
explain this fact?

Fluid intelligence peaks in middle adulthood, and then declines in later life.

39

Which of the following typically happens to crystallized intelligence as healthy adults
age?

. Crystallized intelligence remains stable or increases with experience

40

Which of the following is a healthy older adult most likely to do as well—or even
better than—a younger adult?

a vicab test

41

Which of the following is a younger adult most likely to do better than a healthy
older adult?

solve a geometric puzzle

42

Janet has an IQ score that is much lower than average and has been diagnosed as
having a form of autism. Despite her disabilities, Janet can perform incredible feats of
mental arithmetic, including finding the square root of five-digit numbers without a
calculator or paper and pencil! Janet would be classified as a

savant

43

Which of the following does NOT support the idea of multiple intelligences?
a. Head injury can lead to the loss of one ability but not others.
b. People who score highly on intelligence tests often excel in a number of areas.
c. Intelligent people vary a great deal in terms of physical, social, and artistic skills.
d. Savants may have low mental capacities, but excel at specific abilities.
Correct: The fact that high intelligence scores often predict a person will excel in a
number of different areas supports the concept of general intelligence, not multiple
intelligences. All of the other options support the existence of distinct intelligence

b

44

What three types of intelligence constitute Sternberg's triarchic theory of
intelligence?
a. global, intuitive, and special
b. general, global, and specific
c. mathematical, reasoning, and verbal
d. analytical, creative, and practical

d

45

According to Robert Sternberg, ____________ is the ability to come up with new
ways of solving problems.

creative intelligence

46

According to Robert Sternberg, _______________ is best described as the ability to
use information to address real-world problems

practical intelligence

47

According to Robert Sternberg, _______________ is best described as the ability to
use information to address real-world problems

practical intelligence

48

According to Sternberg's theory, which statement is true?
a. Creative intelligence is similar to crystallized intelligence.
b. Practical intelligence involves our ability to use original thinking to solve problems.
c. Analytical intelligence is similar to Spearman's g factor of intelligence.
d. Practical intelligence is similar to Gardner's naturalistic intelligence.
Correct: Analytical intelligence is the verbal, mathematical problem-solving type of
intelligence that probably comes to mind when we speak of intelligence. It is close to the
concept of academic achievement and the notion of intelligence as measured by g.

c

49

) According to Sternberg, ________ intelligence is akin to what most people think of
when they think of the term intelligence.

analytical

50

) Frank doesn't necessarily have a high IQ as measured on standardized intelligence
tests, but he is well aware of his strengths and weaknesses. He chooses jobs that suit his
strengths and is particularly skilled at adapting to any changes in his environment. Frank
likely has high ________ intelligence as defined in the triarchic theory.

practical

51

A theory of intelligence with eight components was postulated by

gardner

52

Gardner and his associates are known for proposing

the theory of multiple intelligences

53

According to Gardner, there are ________ types of intelligence.

9

54

Whose theory suggests that Tiger Woods's ability to hit a golf ball might be
considered a form of intelligence?

gardner

55

Which of these is one of Howard Gardner's multiple intelligences?
a. poetic
b. digital

Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,

Chapter 9: Intelligence Testing

Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 28 of 45
c. creative
d. naturalist

d

56

Corrie is well liked by all her classmates. She has lots of friends and is always one of
the first people chosen whenever there are group projects. According to Gardner, at
which type of intelligence does Corrie likely excel?
a. interpersonal
b. intrapersonal
c. naturalistic
d. visuospatial

a

57

Marcos, a geology professor, has always been fascinated by the study of fossils,
shells, and rock formations. According to Gardner, Marcos is strong in the area of
________ intelligence.

naturalist

58

Mrs. Evergreen is an elementary school teacher. She tries to match her teaching style
to the way in which each student seems to learn best. For example, she believes some of
her students learn best when she illustrates ideas on the board, while other students
appear to learn best when they perform hands-on actives. Mrs. Evergreen likely agrees
with the existence of
a. general intelligence.
b. triarchic intelligence.
c. the Flynn effect.
d. learning styles.

d

59

The hypothesis that individuals are fundamentally different in how they best acquire
information is associated with the concept of

learning styles

60

Many studies have been done to investigate whether people learn better when the
teaching method matches a specific learning style. What have these studies found?

c

61

According to your textbook, how should teachers tailor their instruction styles to
maximize learning?

Teachers should tailor their teaching to fit the material.

62

The ”Flynn effect” refers to

the finding that IQ scores have steadily increased over time.

63

When researchers had the same individuals take an intelligence test that had been
developed in 1978 and another test that had been developed in 1947, they found that

they scored about 8 points higher on the older test

64

Henrietta's grandfather used to be a psychologist in the 1950s. While going through
his old papers, Henrietta finds an old intelligence test that was tested and normed over
fifty years earlier. Just for fun, Henrietta decides to take the test, which gives her an IQ of
110. Which of the following is true?
a. She would probably receive a similar score from a more recent test.
b. The score is probably too high, because the average score on the test when it was
normed is lower than it would be today.
c. The score is probably too low, because the average score on the test when it was
normed was lower than it would be today.
d. The score is probably too high, because the average score on the test when it was
normed was higher than it would be today.

b

65

According to the Flynn effect, for at least several generations,

the IQ scores of the children are higher than those of their parents

66

According to your textbook, which of the following is true regarding the population-
level increases in intelligence test scores over time?
a. The increase indicates that children today are actually smarter than their parents were.
b. The increase is due to the fact that people are better test takers, not that they are
smarter.
c. The increase is an illusion created by the way intelligence tests are normed.
d. The reasons for the increase are unclear, but may reflect the increased ability to
process information quickly.

d

67

Which of the following is true concerning ”twin study” research findings?
a. Identical twins and fraternal twins share similarly high IQ correlations.
b. Fraternal twins have more similar IQ scores than identical twins.
c. Identical twins have more similar IQ scores than fraternal twins.
d. Identical twins raised together have less similar scores than identical twins raised apart.

c

68

If intelligence is determined primarily by heredity, which pair should show the
highest correlation between IQ scores?
a. fraternal twins
b. identical twins
c. brothers and sisters
d. parents and children

b

69

In general, studies examining the correlations between intelligence scores for
different family members indicate that __________________ is the greatest determinant
for shared intelligence.

biological relatedness

70

The study of how specific genes interact with the environment to influence behaviour
is called

. behavioural genomics.

71

) Dr. Ming hypothesizes that a particular gene is involved in intelligence. He breeds a
strain of mice that have had this particular gene removed to see if they show an impaired
ability to solve problems compared to mice that have not had this gene removed. This is
an example of a ______________ study.

gene knowckout

72

) _________________ involves breeding mice that have had a specific gene removed
from their genome. In contrast, _________________ involves inserting a new gene into
an animal's genome.

Gene knockout; transgenics

73

Which of the following is true regarding the relationship between nutrition and
intelligence?
a. There is no correlation between intelligence and nutrition.
b. There is a relationship between intelligence and nutrition, but only when comparing
children living in poverty and those in affluent households.
c. Even when comparing children who come from affluent households, there is evidence
for a relationship between healthy eating and intelligence.
d. Intelligence is correlated with the number of calories consumed, but not the nutritional
value of a child's diet.

c

74

According to your textbook, a key factor in why growing up in a low-income family
is associated with lower IQs is likely

stress

75

) Able, Bob, and Chris are brothers. Able was born in 1985, Baker in 1988, and Chris
in 1990. Statistically speaking, which sibling is slightly more likely to have the greatest
IQ score?

able

76

What does the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend to parents about children
watching television?

Children under the age of 2 should not watch television at all.

77

) Some companies sell special educational programs designed to be watched by
infants. Which of the following is true regarding these programs?


a. They significantly stimulate brain development.
b. They lower the age at which children first speak, but do not otherwise affect brain
development.
c. They do not stimulate cognitive development, but are otherwise harmless.
d. They can actually slow down vocabulary and language development.

d

78

When researchers compare the distribution of IQ scores for males to the one for
females, which of the following differences is most consistently found?
a. The mean score for the male distribution is greater than the one for the females.
b. The mean score for the female distribution is greater than the one for the males.
c. The variability among males is greater than it is among females.
d. The variability among females is greater than it is among males.

c

79

) There is some evidence that women do better than average on tests of
______________, while men do better than women on tests of_______________.

verbal fluency; visual-spatial manipulation

80

People who hold an entity theory of intelligence believe

that a person's intelligence is fixed and very difficult to change

81

) People who hold an incremental theory of intelligence believe

that a person's intelligence is shaped by experience and effort

82

People who hold an incremental theory of intelligence tend to ______________ when
faced with challenging academic problems

be resilient

83

Tang believes that everyone is born with a certain amount of intelligence that cannot
change. When he is confronted with a difficult problem in math class that he cannot solve
right away, he is likely to

give up

84

Which of the following is true about incremental theories?
a. Children who hold incremental views tend to give up when confronted with difficult
problems in school.
b. Children who hold incremental theories view their intelligence as something that
cannot be changed.

Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,

Chapter 9: Intelligence Testing

Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 43 of 45
c. Children who hold incremental theories tend to do poorly academically compared to
those who hold entity theories.
d. Children can be taught incremental views.

d

85

When Dweck and her colleagues taught _____________ views to a group of junior
high students, they found that the group's grades _____________.

incremental; improved

86

Stereotype threat refers to

the fear that poor performance on an IQ test will confirm minority stereotypes.

87

Carmen is taking an advanced math test and she feels a burden of doubt because she
knows the negative stereotypes about women's abilities in mathematics. This feeling has
been labelled

stereotype threat

88

Taylor is the only girl on her baseball team. Today she will be playing in the
championship game and is worried that she will "choke" (not be able to play as well as
she usually does) because she was told that girls always "choke" in the big games. What
concept is being represented?

stereotype threat