unit 9 lecture 1 Flashcards Preview

psych midterm 4 > unit 9 lecture 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in unit 9 lecture 1 Deck (16):

sir francis galton

intelligence testing
-earliest attempts to measure intelligene
-thought it related to ensory abilities
-used Anthropomenntrics



procedures for measuring variations in human physical and mental abilities

-created by sir francis galton


james McKeen Cattell

rejected galtons idea
-not much correlation between sensory and intelligence


Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon

intelligence is measured through memory, language comprehension

-ability to think reason and adapt to or overcome obstacle
-modern definition of intelligence

-30 question intelligence scale
---used to determine mental age


mental age

if a childs chronological age is 10, but their score most closely matches average score of 8 year olds, mental age would be 8


Lewis Terman

Stanford Binet test
-marketed as a neasure of intelligence
-thought to measure childrens permanent level of ability



iq= mental age/chronological age * 100

william stern
-average iq is 100


deviation iq

relating the score a person recieves on an intelligence test to the average score obtained from a very large group of people that are the same age

-sold to u military in WW1
-ater in US public school ystems


social darwinism

the idea that naturally superior groups emerge as dominant in competition for weath and power, therefore, have earned the right to rule over members of other groups who have les weath and power

-racist concepts like "white man burden"


idea of eugenics (encourage genetically favoured people to reporduce and opposite for the other) created by who



John Raven

"Progresive Matrices"

-uses pictures to test intelligence, so language does not play a part on score so some people dont have advantages



the idea that wealth, power, and status should depend soley on hard work and natural ability


stereotype threat

discriminatory views can actually impact people of a certain group begin to believe the stereotype


incremental theory

the belief that a persons intelligence can be improved with experience and effort


entity theory

the belief that intelligence is a stable trait that is nearly imposible to improve


Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

full scale IQ
-provides a measure of for a persons overall level of intelligence

provides 2 diferent scores for different facits of intelligence
1) the general ability index (GAI) -- a measure of performance on verbal comprhension and perceptual reasoning tasks

2: cognitive proficiency index (CPI) -- a measure of working memory capacity and processing speed