Unit 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 15 Deck (894):
1

날조

fabrication; concoction (-하다/되다)

1

사각의 링

a boxing ring; "the square ring"

2

현명하다

to be wise

2

감상

a sentiment; emotion

2

대고조

the Great Leap (an overarching slogan); "great high tide"

2

사전

beforehand

3

항법 장비

navigation system/equipment

3

인용

quotation (-하다/되다)

3

운항

flight; sailing; "operation of a ship" (-하다)

4

정차

stopping (of a car) (-하다)

5

주장

insistence; persistence; assertion (-하다)

5

찌르다

to stab

5

빈익빈부익부

the widening gulf between rich and poor; "the poor get poorer and the rich get richer"

5

감량

reduction (of amount or quantity); (-하다)

6

단위

a unit; a measure

7

설계

a design; a plan; a blueprint (-하다/되다)

7

전선

the front (line); a front

8

생략

omission (-하다/되다)

9

뒤늦게

belated; late

9

잔인하다

to be cruel

9

접하다

to learn about; to hear; to encounter; to come into contact; to border; to adjoin

10

실명

a real name

10

불청객

an uninvited guest; an unwelcome visitor; a gate-crasher; persona non grata

10

새터민

a new settler (from North Korea)

11

지점

a spot (on the ground); a place; "earth spot"

11

기막히다

to be absurd; to be unbelievable; to be ridiculous

11

탄압

suppression; repression (-하다)

12

대량파괴무기확산방지구상

PSI (WMD Proliferation Security Initiative)

13

민관

(both) civilian and governmental

14

혼란

confusion; disorder

14

울창하다

to be heavily wooded; to be lush

14

비바람

rain and wind

14

다지다

to strengthen; to tighten; to commit oneself

14

극복

conquest; overcome (-하다/되다)

14

매력

attraction; charm

15

a scent; a fragrance

16

습기

moisture; humidity

16

방북

visiting North Korea (-하다)

17

부대변인

an assistant spokesperson; "deputy spokesperson"

17

파종

sowing (-하다)

17

짜릿하다

to be thrilling; to be electrifying

18

주거

dwelling; a residence; living (-하다)

19

영유아

infants and toddlers

19

돌이킬수없다

to be irrevocable; to be irreversible

19

지명

nomination; "pointing a name" (-하다/되다)

19

헌신

devotion; dedication (-하다)

20

단절

severing (of contact or a relationship); a cutoff (-하다/되다)

21

중립

neutral(ity)

21

데우다

to heat up; to warm up

21

스티로폼

Styrofoam

21

비전향 장기수

a "non-converted" long-term prisoner (referring to a North Korean prisoner, in a South Korean prison, who has not changed his ideology)

22

고무

rubber

22

중대하다

to be important; "to be heavy and big"

22

안전대책

a safety measure

23

이래

since; after

24

낙후성

obsoleteness

25

방출

release (-하다/되다)

26

모순

contradiction

27

유감스럽다

to be regrettable; to be sorry

27

정중하다

to be courteous; to be polite

28

고대

(an) ancient (time)

28

군가

a military song

29

재단

a foundation

29

사례

a case; an incident; an example

29

난관

difficulty; impasse

30

재앙

a disaster

31

가동

operation (-하다/되다)

31

상대적

relative

32

자주포

self-propelled artillery

33

심리전

psychological warfare (basically a verbal attack over the loudspeaker near the DMZ)

34

특산지

the place where a special product is produced: "special product place"

34

장벽

a barrier; an obstacle

35

접어들다

to go into (a phase, such as a season or time); to enter into

35

개조

remodeling; "fixing and building" (-하다/되다)

36

종대

a column; a file

37

냉대

unkind or inhospitable treatment; "cold treatment" (-하다)

37

유무

whether or not (as a noun); "existence or nonexistence"

37

혈육

family and relatives; "flesh and blood"

37

개최

hosting/opening (a meeting, event, etc.) (-하다/되다)

37

사연

a story; a situation

38

선포

announcement; proclamation (-하다/되다)

39

미처

yet; before

39

마하

Mach (air speed)

40

신자유주의

neoliberalism

41

지뢰

a landmine; "earth lightning"

42

정치선전

political propaganda

43

영주권

the right of permanent residence; permanent residency; a green card

44

애초

at first; at the start

45

정리 정돈

tidying up; proper arrangement (-하다)

45

허다하다

to be innumerable; to be numerous

47

화석연료

a fossil fuel

48

수다

chatting; chats; casual talk

48

깔리다

to be buried/crushed under; to be spread

48

병영

barracks

49

다세대 주택

multiunit housing; "multiple-household housing"

49

전환

change; switch; conversion (-하다/되다)

50

사원

a temple

51

덮치다

to raid; to attack; to swoop; to strike

52

영예

glory; honor

53

강풍

a strong wind; a gust

54

지수

an index

55

썰매

a sled

55

살림집

a residential house; "living house"

55

인도적

humanitarian

56

학문

a study; studies; academics; scholarship; "learning and asking"

56

사정거리

firing range

57

조선족

(a person of) Korean descent in China

58

룸미러

a rearview mirror; "room mirror"

58

투정

complaint; whining (-하다/부리다)

58

탐닉

indulgence (-하다)

59

결식

skipping meals (because of poverty)

61

한족

Han Chinese

63

침몰

sinking (-시키다/하다; 되다)

63

간절하다

to be earnest; to be ardent; to thirst for; to yearn for

64

단층

one-story (building, house, etc.)

64

발벗고 나서다

to roll up one's sleeves (to fully or seriously engage in an action, a cause, etc.); "to step forward with bare feet"

65

고지서

a (tax, utility, phone, etc.) bill; a notice

66

손수레

a hand cart

66

환하다

to be bright; to be well lit; to be clear; to be unobstructed; to be versed (in); to be familiar (with)

66

산업화

industrialization (-하다/되다)

66

침투

infiltration; penetration (-하다)

67

외박

spending the night away from home (-하다)

67

전력

electric power; electricity

67

시위

demonstration; protest (-하다)

68

잇달다

to succeed (back to back); to follow one after another

69

빈부격차

the gap between the rich and the poor

70

위성항법장치

GPS; a global navigation satellite system; an electronic navigator

70

선군혁명

The term 선군 was coined by 김정일 to refer to his own unique politics and military, which were different from his father's. Thus, 선군정치 means (긴정일's) Military Revolution. The more you know.

71

체격

build; physique

72

외피

a crust; a shell; epidermis; "outer skin"

73

조차

even

74

안전삼각대

a warning triangle; "(safety) tripod"

74

모래주머니

a sandbag

74

기뢰

a water mine; "vessel thunder"

75

할애

sparing (time, energy, etc.); parting with (a thing) (-하다)

76

거치다

to pass through; to go by way of

77

이례적

unusual; uncommon

78

논밭

a farm field; "rice paddy and vegetable field"

79

증오

hatred; loathing; abhorrence (-하다)

79

폭정

tyranny; despotism; "violent governing"

80

분렬

division; split; segmentation; schism

82

뚫다

to punch (a hole); to perforate; to penetrate; to pierce

83

무려

whopping (a word that emphasizes a number when preceding it)

84

도보

walking (on foot)

85

혹한

severe cold

86

노동계

the labor world

87

휘발유

gas(oline); "inflammable oil"

87

결격사유

a reason for disqualification

88

우발충돌

an inadvertent conflict

89

규정

a rule; a regulation

90

국선 변호사

a public defender; court-appointed lawyer

90

반잠수정

a North Korean mini-submarine; "half submarine"

90

정화

purification (-하다/되다)

90

수풀

a forest; the woods; a bush

92

떨어뜨리다

to drop (a thing or person on the ground)

92

단물

syrup; "sweet water"

93

안전모 착용

wearing a safety helmet

94

양측

both sides

95

불보듯뻔하다

to be (too) obvious; to be self-evident; "to be as plain as (you) see fire"

95

벙어리

a nonverbal person; a person who is not able to speak

96

중벌

a severe punishment

97

기적

a miracle

98

전력

military strength; fighting power

99

한여름

the middle of summer; midsummer

99

저감

reduction; lowering (-하다/시키다/되다)

99

개미

an ant

100

부문

an area; a sector

101

드물다

to be rare; to be unusual

101

발길이끊어지다

to no longer frequent; not to have visitors; "footsteps disconnected"

102

직면

facing; "direct facing" (-하다)

103

일산화탄소

carbon monoxide

104

강타

a heavy blow; "strong hit"

105

군사 론평원

Board of Military Commentary (DPRK equivalent of DoD Official Spokesperson)

106

성숙

maturity (-하다 to be mature)

106

a forest; a grove

106

도발

provocation (-하다)

108

대응

reaction; counteraction (-하다)

109

분단

division (especially within a nation) (-하다/되다)

110

공개

disclosure; opening to the public (-하다/되)

110

전언

news; tidings

111

실용적

practical

111

특수임무

a special mission

112

의식

consciousness

113

자긍심

pride; self-esteem; self-respect

114

동참

joining (for noble causes) (-하다)

114

점호

a roll call

116

괴뢰

a puppet (referring to RoK government)

117

counter for incidents (accidents, crimes, occurrences)

118

경로

a route; a course; a channel

118

본디

originally; at first; in the first place

119

동시다발

occurring in many places at the same time; being rampant; "simultaneous time multiple occurrences"

119

성분

an ingredient; a component; a constituent

119

문화운동가

a cultural activist

119

령도

leadership

119

간주

regard (-하다/되다)

120

a chapter; (figuratively) an era

121

여론 환기

stirring up public opinion

122

갇히다

to be locked in; to be imprisoned

123

폭염

heat wave; scorching heat; "fierce heat"

124

실현

realization (-하다/되다)

124

대처

handling; coping with; dealing with (-하다)

125

돌아가다

to result in; to end in; to go to; "to turn around and go"

126

영양실조

malnutrition; unbalanced nutrition; dystrophy

127

화면

a (TV/monitor) screen

128

언뜻

suddenly; by chance

129

두렵다

to be fearful; to be afraid

130

지로

a type of bill payment system available at a bank

131

재질

the quality (of materials like wood, iron, plastic, etc); "material quality"

132

차단

blocking (off/out); cutting off (-하다/되다)

132

바탕으로

based on; founded on

133

인재

a man-made disaster; a disaster caused by humans

134

속출

continuous occurrence (-하다)

135

생수

freshwater; mineral water; "live water"

135

시도

try; attempt (-하다)

136

정비보수

maintenance and repairs

137

정예

the elite (troops, players, etc.); the best

138

반인륜적

antihumanistic; against humanity

138

무심히

indifferently; inattentively; thoughtlessly; "with no heart"

139

불효

impiety/disobedience to one's parents (-하다)

139

분간

distinguishing (-하다/되다)

139

사막화

desertification

139

먹고 살 길을 열어주다

open the way for someone to make a living

139

뽐내다

to boast; to brag; to show off

140

민방위

civil defense

141

꼬이다

to be twisted; to be tangled

142

지속

continuance (-하다/되다)

144

씨앗

a seed

145

흩어지다

to scatter; to spread/to be scattered

146

잇따르다

to succeed (back to back); to follow one after another

147

난민

a victim of natural disaster or war; "people in difficulty"

148

어느새

before one realizes; in no time; so soon

149

생애

(one's entire) life

150

요소

a factor; an element

150

배분

distribution

152

부근

vicinity; neighborhood

152

결함

a flaw

153

인프라

infrastructure; "infra"

154

뚜렷하다

to be apparent; to be clear; to be distinct

156

중태

critical condition; "serious condition"

157

사체

a dead body; a corpse

157

마음가짐

(mental) attitude

157

두렵다

to be afraid of

158

총재

a secretary general; a president

159

밤사이

overnight; during the night

161

주저하다

to hesitate

161

수해

flood damage; "water damage"

162

무대장치

a stage set

163

식량난

food crisis; food shortage

164

법조계

legal circles

164

넉넉하다

to be enough; to be sufficient

165

낙엽

a fallen leaf

165

우려

a concern; a worry; an apprehension (-하다/되다)

166

조교

an assistant (instructor)

166

판정

judgment (-하다/되다)

167

강타하다

to hit hard; to strike

168

맞이하다

to receive; to greet; to welcome

169

부조종사

a co-pilot; "deputy pilot"

169

경계

a boundary (-선 line)

170

연쇄

chain; serial

172

한창

the height; the summit; the climax; the peak; at the peak

173

인도적

humanitarian

173

일대

the whole area/place; throughout (the area)

175

heading to/for; bound

176

글로벌

global

177

풍속

velocity; wind speed

178

범람

flooding; inundation (-하다)

180

당시

a point in the past; at the time; then

180

수거

removal; taking away (-하다/되다)

180

상상

imagination (-하다)

181

주머니

a pocket; a (small) sack

182

고작

only; just; barely; no more than

182

신뢰

trust (-하다)

182

연합

alliance; coalition

183

항의

a complaint; a protest (-하다)

185

얇다

to be thin

185

공대공 미사일

an air-to-air missile

186

전파

total destruction (-되다)

186

의정서

a letter of intent; protocol

187

남의 일 같지 않다

to be (too) important (to be ignored); to feel it is one's own business; "feel like it is not other people's business"

188

제압

oppression; control (-하다/되다)

189

갈수록

as time goes on; with the lapse of time

191

위력

power; force

192

잔혹하다

to be cruel; to be brutal; to be atrocious

193

인체

human body; human organism

194

출연

appearance (on TV, radio, movie, etc.) (-하다)

195

논란

controversy; dispute

197

유독가스

toxic gas; "poison gas"

198

대기

standing by (-하다)

199

생태공원

an "eco park"

201

자수

self-surrender (-하다)

202

여정

an itinerary

203

시절

the season; the time of year; the time; the times

204

미만

under

205

동지

a comrade; "(person with) same aim"

206

햇볕정책

Sunshine Policy

207

전투기

a fighter plane

208

옥상

a rooftop; "house top"

208

실체

the true nature (of something or an entity); the truth; "real body"

209

유린

infringement (-하다/되다)

210

존귀

nobility; "noble and precious" (-하다 to be noble)

210

교전

exchange of fire; a battle; "exchange of war"

211

한결

by far; a lot

211

매춘

prostitution; "selling spring"

212

진지하다

to be serious; to be earnest

214

연계

association (-하다/되다)

216

예외

an exception

218

이루다

to accomplish; to achieve

220

고인물

stagnant water; "accumulated water"

221

바느질

sewing; needlework

222

성분

a component; an ingredient

223

정훈공보부

TI&E (Troop Information and Education)

224

cloth; fabric

226

어뢰

a torpedo; "fish thunder"

227

비인격적

impersonal

228

기어

a gear

230

망가지다

to break down; to be out of order

231

조선로동당

the Labor Party of DPRK

233

물길

a water route; "water way"

234

누리다

to enjoy

235

급선무

an urgent priority; urgent business

236

부쩍

remarkably; quickly

237

희생

sacrifice (-하다/되다)

237

지대

a zone; an area; a region; a belt

238

현명

wisdom; good sense (-하다 to be wise; to be sensible)

239

특보

a special report; (weather) advisory; "a special announcement/warning"

241

허덕이다

to struggle; to suffer

242

장려

encouragement (-하다)

242

애국심

patriotism; patriotic spirit; "country-loving heart"

243

머뭇거리다

to hesitate; to waive; to dawdle

245

조처

measure (to take); a step (taken in dealing with an issue) (-하다)

246

장기화

prolonging; extending over a long period of time (-하다/되다)

247

기금

a fund

249

도둑맞다

to have something stolen

250

따지다

to inquire or look into (in order to find an answer or distinguish right and wrong)

251

딱딱하다

to be formal; to be unfriendly; to be hard; to be stiff

251

살피다

to take a good look at; to inspect closely; to look around

252

서행

going slowly; crawling; driving/cruising slowly (-하다)

252

활성화

activation; galvanization (-하다/되다)

253

공익

public interest

254

고등교육

higher education

255

요식업

restaurant business; food-service industry

256

띄다

to be seen; to be visible (눈에-)

257

농담

a joke (for laughs) (-하다/되다)

259

인연

fate (in human relationships); destiny; karma

261

투병

a fight/struggle against a disease (-하다)

262

위대한 령도자

the Great Leader (referring to NK's 김정일)

263

번번이

every time; all the time; always

264

상봉

a reunion (of long-separated people)

266

철도원

a railroad worker; a railroad employee

268

기상캐스터

a weather forecaster; a meteorologist; "weather caster"

270

불과

only; just

271

농작물

crops; farm produce

273

각별하다

to be special; to be particular

274

나서다

to step in (for an action); step forward; to take action

274

입주업체

a resident company (at an industrial site)

276

도하

crossing a river

277

인위적

artificial; man-made

278

신상

personal information (정보)

280

재회

reunion

281

동족

the same nation; the same race; the same tribe; the same blood

281

배수

draining (of water)

283

조선

Korea; Korean Peninsula

284

취임사

an inaugural address/ speech

286

갓길

the shoulder (of a road); "side road"

286

폭압

oppression; curbing by force; "violent pressing"

287

등교

going to school (-하다)

288

한정

limitation (-하다/되다)

289

어뢰

a torpedo; "fish thunder"

290

염원

a wish (-하다)

290

써 먹다

to use (a newly learned skill or trick)

290

장병

military personnel; officers and men

292

시기

a time; a period; a season

293

위원장

the commissioner; a chief of a committee

294

만성적

chronic; habitual; inveterate

295

정전협정

a cease-fire agreement

297

규정

a rule; a regulation

299

자명하다

to be self-explanatory; to be obvious

300

고도

altitude; elevation

301

횡령

embezzlement (-하다)

302

무사히

safely; safe and sound; "with no accident"

302

만화

a cartoon; a comic strip; manga

303

오존층

ozone layer

305

연계

linking; association (-하다/시키다/되다)

305

객실

a guest room (at a hotel, motel, etc)

305

경비정

a guard ship; a patrol ship

307

불합리

irrationality; absurdity (-하다)

307

힘겨워하다

to feel burdensome

309

가물가물

dim; faint; flickering; glimmering (a "mimicking" word that describes flickering)

310

서신

a letter

310

적중

hitting the target; "middle of the target" (-하다/되다)

312

타다

to be sensitive to; to be apt to feel; to be influenced by (weather, shyness, etc.)

312

종종

sometimes; occasionally; often; frequently

313

저수지

a reservoir

314

방어

defense (-하다)

315

정치범

a political prisoner

317

노후화

aging; becoming obsolete

317

법정

a (legal) court

319

암초

an underwater rock; a hidden reef

320

exclusively; nothing but; just full of bare (hand, foot, face, etc.)

321

노동력

labor power

322

막막하다

to not know; to be at a loss

323

즈음하여

at the time of ~; on the occasion of ~;

325

거처

a residence; a place to live (-하다)

327

권리

a right

327

속출

frequent occurrences; "continuous coming out" (-하다)

327

결합

combining; uniting (-하다)

327

함정

a navy vessel

327

예비

preparation (-하다)

328

인파

a crowd; "a wave of people"

328

추진

propel; driving forward (-하다/되다)

330

기체

the body of a plane; a fuselage

331

특이하다

to be peculiar; to be singular; to be remarkable; "to be specially different"

332

캐릭터

a character; a personality; a characteristic; "character"

332

감지

perceiving; sensing (-하다/되다)

334

덮치다

to fall upon; to attack; to overtake

335

피의자

a suspect

335

외톨이

a loner; a solitary person; "single nut"

336

제반 분야

various areas; all relevant areas

337

돌부리

a jagged stone; stone with sharp part sticking out of the ground

338

실시간

real time

339

여드레

the eighth day (of the month); (a period of) eight days

341

강간

rape (-하다)

342

조목조목

item by item; article by article; in detail

344

전망대

an observatory; an observation tower

346

정황

circumstances

348

자발적

voluntary

349

전비태세

readiness for possible war

350

들판

a (flat) field

351

피랍

abduction; hijacking (-되다)

352

가속화

acceleration

352

bruise; contusion (-들다)

353

의도

intention

354

성적 노리개

a sex slave; "sexual plaything"

355

다발

frequent occurrences

357

해당

relevancy; applicability (-하다/되다)

358

악습

a bad habit; a vice

359

기관장

a chief engineer (of a ship)

360

내분비계

endocrine system

361

특이하다

to be unusual; to be peculiar; "to be specially different"

361

넘쳐나다

to overflow; to abound

361

상쾌하다

to be fresh; to be refreshing

363

오토바이

motorcycle; "autobi(ke)"

364

파업

strike; "closing one's work" (-하다)

365

이상

abnormal(ity); absurd(ity) (-하다)

365

세계기상기구

the World Meteorological Organization

367

튀다

to spring up; to bounce

368

상명하복

obedience to orders from the top; subordination; "the top orders and the bottom obeys"

369

곤충

an insect; a bug

370

절망

despair; hopelessness; "cute hope" (-하다)

372

구축

establishing (-하다/되다)

373

실태

the real condition; the actual condition; reality

375

가물다

to be drought stricken

376

시제품

a test product

377

떼이다

to have (something) deducted

378

소원대로

as one wishes; according to one's wish

379

수습

control; solving (-하다/되다)

381

긴밀

closeness; intimacy; "tight and dense" (-하다)

382

왕래

coming and going (-하다)

384

a staff; a delegation; a team

385

흉악범죄

a gruesome crime; a violent crime

387

기울이다

to devote (oneself) to; to concentrate on; "to lean"

389

선입과

prejudice; "before established view"

389

노예

a slave

389

선교사

a missionary

390

퇴치

eradication (-하다)

392

수중

underwater; aquatic; waterborne; "middle of water"

392

흉악범

a brutal criminal

393

자연발화

natural combustion; "natural outbreak of fire"

395

은둔

reclusion (to live reclusively -하다)

396

핵실험

a nuclear test

397

지피지기면백전백승

"If you know your enemies and know yourself, you will not be imperiled by a hundred battles." -Poet Warlord Sun Tzu, Art of War

397

상생

living together; coexistence (-하다)

398

임하다

to face; to be confronted by

398

조성

creation; making; construction; establishment (-하다/되다)

399

사기

a fraud; a scam (-치다)

401

화를 부르다

to cause trouble/a disaster; "call for disaster"

402

예치금

deposit money

404

슬기롭다

to be wise; to be sensible

405

동일

same; "same one"

405

가르다

to divide; to separate

406

산림파괴

deforestation; "destruction of forest"

408

엷다

to be thin; to be light; to be flimsy

409

비관

pessimism; "sad view" (-하다)

410

실향민

people who have lost their hometown (in a war or disaster); "people who have lost hometown"

412

준법

law-abiding

413

인정

acknowledgment (-하다/되다)

415

대마초

hemp; marijuana; hashish; weed; grass; reefer; dope; sticky; bud

416

박다

to slam into; to drive into

417

지형적

topographical

419

급정거

sudden stop (of a vehicle); screeching halt (-하다)

420

개최

hosting (of an event) (-하다/되다)

422

아찔하다

to be dizzy; to be giddy; to be faint

424

우거지다

to be heavily wooded; to be lush

424

철길

a railroad; "steel road"

425

일석이조

killing two birds with one stone; "one stone, two birds"

427

노리다

to have an eye on; to be after; to aim at

428

남용

abuse (-하다/되다)

429

밀매

buy and sell in secret; illegal trade (-하다/되다)

429

부상

a supplementary prize; an extra prize

431

값지다

to be expensive; to be precious; to be valuable; to be priceless

433

과잉

excess

434

예단

a prediction; forejudging; prejudging (-하다)

435

도덕적

moral

436

적응

adaptation (-하다)

437

기 일쑤다

to be a habitual practice; to be common

439

재난구호

a rescue activity for disaster victims

440

제작

manufacturing (-하다/되다)

441

녹록치 않다

to be tough; to be formidable; "to be not trifling"

442

맹위를 떨치다

to rage; to be furious (extreme weather)

444

연병장

a military training ground

446

인제

(filler in colloquial language)

446

넘쳐나다

to overflow

447

작동

operation (of a machine) (-하다 to operate)

448

반세기

a half century; 50 years

449

표시

marking; an indication; an expression; a manifestation (-하다/되다)

450

심상치않다

to be unusual; to be extraordinary; to be uncommon; to be grave

452

지진해일

a tsunami; "earthquake sea wave"

454

비상사태

a state of emergency

454

초복

the first of three periods of dog days (hot days) in summer

455

인명피해

human casualties

456

반성

reflection; regret; reconsideration (-하다)

457

정자

sperm

458

절실

acuteness; poignancy (-하다)

460

순찰

patrolling (-하다 to patrol)

462

농경지

farmland; agricultural land

464

넘치다

to overflow

464

취지

a purpose; meaning

465

전술

military tactics

466

효율성

efficiency; effectiveness

467

대상

a grand prize; "big award"

468

전차

a tank; "battle car"

469

이르다

to reach; to get to; to amount to; to run up

470

판정

judgment; decision (-하다)

472

열악하다

to be inferior; to be coarse; to be poor; to be deteriorated

473

대만

Taiwan

475

간접흡연

secondhand smoke; to breathe secondhand smoke

476

풍수해

disasters caused by wind and water

477

열대우림

a tropical rain forest; "heat zone rain forest"

478

막연하다

to be vague

480

소낙비

a shower; a torrential rain

481

민감하다

to be sensitive

482

요건

a necessary condition; a required condition; a requisite

484

이겨내다

to get through something despite hardship; to tough out something

485

수식

modification; ornamentation; embellishment (-하다/되다)

486

접하다

to learn about; to hear; to encounter; to come into contact; to border; to adjoin

487

현역

(on) active duty; "currently serving" (usually serviceman/athlete)

488

두들기다

to pound; to knock; to beat

488

겨레

a people

489

적군

enemy troops; enemy forces

490

인접

contiguity; adjacency; proximity; "touch with a neighbor" (-하다 to be adjacent; to border on)

492

밟다

to step on

493

인류

humanity; humankind

494

단일민족

the one and homogeneous race (referring to the Korean nation as a whole)

496

영공

territorial air/sky; sovereign space

497

교정교화

correction and reformation

499

금은방

a jewelry store; "gold and silver room"

500

수용소

a concentration camp; a detention camp

502

단위

a unit

503

상위

high rank

505

뒷전

to be pushed aside; a back seat

506

개혁

reform (-하다/되다)

507

중대하다

to be greatly important

509

굶주림

starvation

510

받아들이다

to accept; to embrace

510

생계를 유지하다

to manage living; to get by

511

무면허

without license; "no license"

512

정략적

political; politically motivated

512

막사

barracks

514

돌이킬 수 없다

to be irrevocable

515

호소

appeal; complaint (-하다)

517

풍랑

wind and waves; rough seas

519

추궁

close interrogation; pressing hard (-하다)

520

지형

topography; geographical features

522

무심코

inadvertently; unknowingly; mindlessly; "(with) no heart"

524

지구

the Earth; the globe; "earth ball"

525

주민감시제

the neighbor monitoring system (in North Korea)

526

지수

an index; "pointing number"

527

기공식

a ground-breaking ceremony

529

시간을다투다

to be in haste; to be urgent; "to fight against the clock"

529

민간교류

exchanges via civilians (North and South Korean)

530

준법

law-abiding

532

분배

distribution (-하다/되다)

533

수행

implementation; practice (-하다)

534

용기

a container

535

밀접

closeness; intimacy; "dense contact" (-하다)

536

역경

adversity; adverse circumstances

537

빈발

frequent occurrence (to occur frequently)

538

무시무시하다

to be scary; to be spooky

539

억압

suppression; oppression (-하다)

540

가족애

love for family members; "family love"

541

불명예

dishonor; disgrace

542

우려

worry; concern (-하다)

543

정상회담

a summit meeting

544

잠수함

a submarine

546

폭염

heat wave; sweltering heat; "explosive heat"

547

여론

public opinion; public sentiment

548

고비

the critical moment; the climax; the peak; the crisis

548

획일성

uniformity; conformity

549

대리주차

valet parking; "proxy parking"

550

총격

an attack by gunfire

551

토양

soil; the upper layer of the earth in which plants grow

552

탑재

loading; carrying (-하다/되다)

554

끼이다

to become jammed; to become stuck

555

특례법

an exemption law; a law covering special cases

556

처지

a position; a circumstance

558

파란만장하다

to be full of ups and downs

560

탈당

defection from a political party (-하다)

561

큰물

a flood; floodwater; "big water"

562

호사

luxury; extravagance (-스럽다)

563

살아생전

in one's life; when one was alive

564

병력

military strength; troops; "soldier power"

566

단순하다

to be simple; to be simpleminded; "simple and pure"

568

용수

water used for (agriculture, factories, etc)

570

잠수정

a small-size submarine

571

공단

an industrial complex

571

이산가족

separated families (North and South Korea)

573

대지

the earth; Mother Earth; "big earth"

575

잇따라

one after another; consecutively

576

분개

indignation (-하다)

577

우선

first; above all

579

채광

natural light (in a building or house)

580

직항로

a direct (nonstop) route between airports/seaports

581

무질서

absence of order; disorder; chaos (-하다)

582

재범

repeated conviction; a repeat criminal

583

피격

being attacked; being shot; suffering attack

584

강제

compulsion; coercion

586

공개

making public (-하다/되다)

586

되뇌다

to repeat verbally; to echo

587

전담

exclusive responsibility; being in full charge (-하다)

589

해임

dismissal (from an official position) (-하다/되다)

590

화해

reconciliation; peaceful settlement (-하다)

591

협동농장

a collective farm; "cooperation farm"

592

별칭

a nickname; another name

593

면회

a visit (to see a person in a restricted place, such as a military base, hospital, or correctional facility); "face meeting" (-하다)

594

몸부림

a violent struggle; squirming (-치다)

595

평화

peaceful (-롭다)

596

설경

a snowy scene

597

기관총

machine gun

598

어느덧

before one realizes; without one's knowledge

599

구축함

a destroyer

600

독침

a poisonous sting; a poisoned needle; a poisoned dart

602

기름띠

oil spill (on the surface of the water); "oil belt" or "oil streak"

603

공감

sympathy (-하다)

604

자주적

independent; self-reliant; autonomous

604

총격

shooting; firing

605

리행

practice; implementation

606

수여

presentation; conferment (-하다/되다)

607

조국

one's fatherland; a home country; "ancestor country"

608

악명높다

to be notorious; to be infamous

610

가속

acceleration (-하다/되다)

612

지원

support (-하다/받다)

613

허술하다

to be shabby; to be poor looking; to be careless; to be negligent

615

귀금속

precious metals; jewelry

616

야기

to cause/be caused (-하다/되다)

617

침몰

sinking (-하다/되다)

618

충격

impact; shock

620

파견

dispatch

622

꺼리다

to keep (a person or thing) at a distance; to shy off; to shun; to avoid

623

화강암

granite

624

위성화상

a satellite picture

624

롭다

stative verb making suffix that works with a limited number of nouns ending in vowels

626

순순히

meekly; tamely; obediently

628

개폐회식

the opening and closing of a ceremony

629

산림

forest; woods; "mountain forest"

631

답례

a return courtesy; a return call (-하다)

633

호르몬

a hormone

635

인체

the human body

636

결실을맺다

to bear fruit

637

강제적

forceful

639

북녘

the north; the northern area (normally referring to North Korea)

641

요인

a (main) cause; a factor

642

애타게그리다

to miss dearly

644

위력

power; force

646

합선

short circuit; "joined wires" (-하다/돠다)

648

송환

repatriation (-하다/되다)

649

연유 탕크

a fuel tank

650

틀다

to turn; to twist

651

기관실

an engine room; a machinery room

653

북방한계선

NLL (Northern Limit Line)

654

천사

an angel; "heavenly envoy"

655

철로변

the side(s) of a railroad; a railroad shoulder

656

빗길

a wet road; "rain road"

657

지탱

supporting; propping up; maintaining (-하다)

658

물도랑

a ditch

659

황폐화

devastation; ruining (-하다/되다)

660

누누이

over and over (again); time and again

662

정성

sincerity; sympathy; devotion

663

실천에 옮기다

to put into practice

665

전투 장갑차

an infantry fighting vehicle (IFV); "armored vehicle for battle)

666

연명

maintenance of a scanty existence; barely managing to live; "dragging one's life" (-하다)

667

확산

spreading; proliferation (-하다/시키다/되다)

668

표출

an expression; a manifestation; a display; "surfacing" (-하다/되다)

669

의의

a significance; a cause; a meaning

671

협회

a society; an association; a league

672

골칫거리

a nuisance; a bother; a pest; a headache; "material for brain [use]"

673

마음에 새기다

to take something to heart; to commit to; "engrave in one's heart"

674

속출

repeated occurrence (-하다)

675

전락

downfall; degradation; degeneration (-하다)

677

빈집털이범

a thief; "empty house ransacking criminal"

678

자원

(natural) resources

680

편견

a prejudice; a bias

681

미뤄

judging by; judging from

682

연출

directing (a movie, a musical, a show, etc.); (-하다)

684

감정

feeling; emotion; sentiment

685

압박

pressure (-하다/되다)

687

천재지변

a natural disaster

687

진눈깨비

sleet; wet snow

687

한산하다

to be inactive; to be quiet; few people around

688

빙판길

an icy road; "ice plate road"

690

수법

(derogatory term) a trick; a method

691

타당성

validity

692

앗아가다

to rid of; to deprive

693

경고

warning (-하다 to warn)

695

기관포

a machine gun

696

테러

terror; terrorism

698

파동

waves; fluctuation; a crisis; a shock; "wave movement"

699

돌발

unexpected; spasmodic

700

장바구니

a shopping basket

702

예비부속품

spare part

703

세분화

breaking down; subdividing; segmentation (-하다/되다)

704

배수로

a draining chute; a draining cut; "draining road"

705

비탈길

a slope; an incline; a hill; "slope road"

706

대응책

a countermeasure; a solution

707

온도계

a thermometer; "temperature calculating"

708

냉동차

a refigeration car; a refrigerated boxcar

709

의혹

suspicion

710

철도 역무원

a railroad employee; a railroader

711

지향

aspiration; direction (-시키다)

712

이변

an unusual event; an unexpected change; a twist; an accident; "different change"

713

동반

accompanying (-하다/되다)

715

옷차림

attire; an outfit; "dress setting"

717

간주하다

to regard

718

다가오다

to approach

719

조종사 사출

emergency ejection of a pilot

720

관행

an existing custom; a customary practice; a convention

721

심장마비

a heart attack; heart failure

722

저수지

a reservoir

723

체결

signing (an agreement, a contract, etc.) (-하다/되다)

724

유포

spreading; circulation; dissemination (-하다/시키다 to spread)

725

성언

proclamation (-하다)

726

조속히

promptly; as soon as possible

727

퍼지다

to spread

729

보람을느끼다

to be rewarding; to feel rewarded; "to feel worthwhile"

731

몰수

confiscation (-하다/되다)

732

불시에

all of a sudden; suddenly; "at no time"

733

초래

causation (-하다/시키다/되다)

734

논란

controversy

735

명세서

a detailed statement

736

(an old unit of length in Korea) about 3.03cm

737

괴한

an unidentified assailant; a suspicious person

738

앙상하다

to be bony; to be skinny

739

곤충

an insect; insects in general

741

채택

adoption (-하다/되다)

743

전면

entire(ly); all-out; "whole surface"

744

배기가스

exhaust emission; "emitted gas"

745

불상사

a disaster; an unfortunate event; a misfortune

746

일반인

ordinary people; the general public

747

일꾼

a worker

748

철길

a railroad; a railway; "iron/steel road"

749

처하다

to be in (a certain situation)

750

공감

sympathy; "same feeling" (-하다/되다)

751

만원

being filled to capacity; being overcrowded

752

차곡차곡

neatly; orderly (a "mimicking" word that describes stacking things neatly)

753

현금인출기

ATM; "cash withdrawing machine"

754

시선

one's gaze; a glance; attention

755

합의사항

an agreed-upon item/idea

756

웅성웅성하다

to be noisy; to be astir; to be in a (state of) commotion

757

총살형

execution by firing squad; "killing punishment through a gun"

758

벌레

an insect; a bug; a worm

759

함선

a corvette; a warship

760

형편없다

to be terrible; to be awful

761

수위

the level of water; "water position"

762

기합

a (disciplinary) punishment

764

대중매체

mass media

765

보관

storage (-하다/되다)

766

수확

a harvest (-하다)

767

미루다

to postpone; to delay

768

교전규칙

rules of engagement

769

허기

hunger; starvation (-지다)

770

다소

more or less; "many and few"

771

남짓

a little bit over; upward of

772

고백

confession (-하다)

773

명시

clear statement (-하다/되다)

775

퇴근길

the way home from work

776

오히려

on the contrary

777

하여튼

anyway; at any rate

778

교신

communication; contact (-하다)

779

미사일

a missile

780

논의

discussion; debate

782

휘청하다

to lurch; to stagger

783

상납

bribing; offering a bribe; "paying up" (-하다)

784

전사

a warrior; a combatant

785

자재관리

management of materials

786

양수장

water-pumping site

787

자백

confession (of a crime) (-하다)

788

경계태세

an alert status

789

손색이없다

not to be inferior; to be comparable to

790

억류

detainment (-하다/되다)

791

탄약고

an arsenal; "ammunition storehouse"

792

간절하다

to be ardent; to be earnest

793

접하다

to be in touch with; to be in contact with; to adjoin; to border

794

쫓겨나다

to be kicked out

795

등장

appearance (-하다)

796

목도리

a scarf; a muffler

797

기울다

to wane; to decline

798

외면

to ignore; to turn one's back on (-하다)

799

납부

payment (of taxes, tuition, bills, etc.)

800

반비례

an inverse proportion/ratio (-하다)

801

지칭

a designation; a reference (-하다/되다)

802

인신매매

human trafficking

803

절도

theft; robbery

804

일방

(of) one side; one way

805

단합

unity (-하다/되다)

806

해저

underwater; sea bottom; seabed

808

육로통행

inland traffic; inland transportation

809

시범 단지

a piloting site (of a new development, complex, etc); a model complex

811

싹이트다

to bud; "a bud breaks"

812

주범

a main culprit

813

소화

extinguishing (fire)

814

창건

foundation; establishment (-하다/되다)

815

징계

a disciplinary punishment (-하다)

816

돌이키다

to reverse; to look back; to recover

817

정상화

normalization (-하다/되다)

818

날품팔이

day labor; a day laborer

819

참상

horrors; a terrible scene; atrocity

820

출소자

a released prisoner; "person who exits (correctional) facility"

821

초소

a guard post; a checkpoint

822

순직

death in the line of duty (-하다)

823

벌목공

a logger; a lumberjack

824

신원

identity

825

뺑소니

a hit-and-run (-치다)

827

무더기비

a (concentrated) heavy rain; "piled rain"

828

암석

a rock

829

성매매

prostitution; "sex trade"

830

공존

coexistence (-하다)

831

일지

a journal; a diary

833

범행

a crime; a criminal act

834

기존

existing; established

835

설상가상

to make matters worse; what is worse; "adding frost to snow" (-으로)

837

풍향

wind direction

838

다스리다

to govern; to control; to punish

839

시도

a trial; an attempt (-하다/되다)

840

내진

earthquake-proof; "enduring earthquake"

841

침수

flooding; inundation (-되다)

843

떼다

to deduct

844

북송

sending to North Korea (-하다/되다)

845

만화책

a comic book; a manga book

846

사살

killing by gunshot

847

허용

permission (-하다/되다)

848

맛서다

to oppose; to stand against

849

등장

appearance (-하다)

850

불황

recession; economic slump

851

악천후

bad weather

852

튕겨 나가다

to be hurled out; to be catapulted out; to bounce out

853

군의관

a military doctor

854

숱하다

to be many; to be plenty in number

855

친선

goodwill

856

치고

considering; seeing; as; for

857

미루어짐작하다

to guess; to infer; to surmise; "to guess by inferring"

858

지도부

a guidance division; a fostering division; leadership division

858

후퇴

retreat (to retreat; to go back) (-하다)

859

출력

output; print

860

전향적

progressive; forward-looking

861

신임

trust (-하다)

862

빈국

a poor country

863

가급적

as ... as possible

864

극복

overcoming; conquest (-하다/되다)

865

인건비

labor costs; personnel expenses

866

위장

camouflage (-하다)

867

경량

lightweight

868

보강

reinforcement; strengthening (-하다/되다)

869

희생자

a victim

870

쓸쓸하다

to be lonely

871

수반

the chief/head (of a government, an organization, etc.)

872

움켜쥐다

to grab; to grasp

874

밧줄

a rope

875

불공정

unfairness

876

철다리

a railway bridge; "steel bridge"

878

호위

guard; escort (-하다)

879

방위산업

the defense industry

880

다그치다

to press; to urge; to impel; to spur on

881

충격

a shock; an impact

882

낙오

falling behind (-되다)

883

경고방송

a warning broadcast

884

a bear

885

밀다

to push

886

숭고하다

to be noble; to be sublime

888

the -th anniversary

889

기뢰

a floating mine; a naval mine; "ship mine"

890

시기

a time; a period

891

삼가다

to abstain from; to refrain from

892

식수

drinking water; potable water

893

폐기처분

waste disposal (-하다/되다)

894

아군

friendly forces