fabrication; concoction (-하다/되다)
a boxing ring; "the square ring"
to be wise
a sentiment; emotion
the Great Leap (an overarching slogan); "great high tide"
flight; sailing; "operation of a ship" (-하다)
stopping (of a car) (-하다)
insistence; persistence; assertion (-하다)
the widening gulf between rich and poor; "the poor get poorer and the rich get richer"
reduction (of amount or quantity); (-하다)
a unit; a measure
a design; a plan; a blueprint (-하다/되다)
the front (line); a front
to be cruel
to learn about; to hear; to encounter; to come into contact; to border; to adjoin
a real name
an uninvited guest; an unwelcome visitor; a gate-crasher; persona non grata
a new settler (from North Korea)
a spot (on the ground); a place; "earth spot"
to be absurd; to be unbelievable; to be ridiculous
suppression; repression (-하다)
PSI (WMD Proliferation Security Initiative)
(both) civilian and governmental
to be heavily wooded; to be lush
rain and wind
to strengthen; to tighten; to commit oneself
conquest; overcome (-하다/되다)
a scent; a fragrance
visiting North Korea (-하다)
an assistant spokesperson; "deputy spokesperson"
to be thrilling; to be electrifying
dwelling; a residence; living (-하다)
infants and toddlers
to be irrevocable; to be irreversible
nomination; "pointing a name" (-하다/되다)
devotion; dedication (-하다)
severing (of contact or a relationship); a cutoff (-하다/되다)
to heat up; to warm up
a "non-converted" long-term prisoner (referring to a North Korean prisoner, in a South Korean prison, who has not changed his ideology)
to be important; "to be heavy and big"
a safety measure
to be regrettable; to be sorry
to be courteous; to be polite
(an) ancient (time)
a military song
a case; an incident; an example
psychological warfare (basically a verbal attack over the loudspeaker near the DMZ)
the place where a special product is produced: "special product place"
a barrier; an obstacle
to go into (a phase, such as a season or time); to enter into
remodeling; "fixing and building" (-하다/되다)
a column; a file
unkind or inhospitable treatment; "cold treatment" (-하다)
whether or not (as a noun); "existence or nonexistence"
family and relatives; "flesh and blood"
hosting/opening (a meeting, event, etc.) (-하다/되다)
a story; a situation
announcement; proclamation (-하다/되다)
Mach (air speed)
a landmine; "earth lightning"
the right of permanent residence; permanent residency; a green card
at first; at the start
tidying up; proper arrangement (-하다)
to be innumerable; to be numerous
a fossil fuel
chatting; chats; casual talk
to be buried/crushed under; to be spread
multiunit housing; "multiple-household housing"
change; switch; conversion (-하다/되다)
to raid; to attack; to swoop; to strike
a strong wind; a gust
a residential house; "living house"
a study; studies; academics; scholarship; "learning and asking"
(a person of) Korean descent in China
a rearview mirror; "room mirror"
complaint; whining (-하다/부리다)
skipping meals (because of poverty)
sinking (-시키다/하다; 되다)
to be earnest; to be ardent; to thirst for; to yearn for
one-story (building, house, etc.)
to roll up one's sleeves (to fully or seriously engage in an action, a cause, etc.); "to step forward with bare feet"
a (tax, utility, phone, etc.) bill; a notice
a hand cart
to be bright; to be well lit; to be clear; to be unobstructed; to be versed (in); to be familiar (with)
infiltration; penetration (-하다)
spending the night away from home (-하다)
electric power; electricity
demonstration; protest (-하다)
to succeed (back to back); to follow one after another
the gap between the rich and the poor
GPS; a global navigation satellite system; an electronic navigator
The term 선군 was coined by 김정일 to refer to his own unique politics and military, which were different from his father's. Thus, 선군정치 means (긴정일's) Military Revolution. The more you know.
a crust; a shell; epidermis; "outer skin"
a warning triangle; "(safety) tripod"
a water mine; "vessel thunder"
sparing (time, energy, etc.); parting with (a thing) (-하다)
to pass through; to go by way of
a farm field; "rice paddy and vegetable field"
hatred; loathing; abhorrence (-하다)
tyranny; despotism; "violent governing"
division; split; segmentation; schism
to punch (a hole); to perforate; to penetrate; to pierce
whopping (a word that emphasizes a number when preceding it)
walking (on foot)
the labor world
gas(oline); "inflammable oil"
a reason for disqualification
an inadvertent conflict
a rule; a regulation
a public defender; court-appointed lawyer
a North Korean mini-submarine; "half submarine"
a forest; the woods; a bush
to drop (a thing or person on the ground)
syrup; "sweet water"
wearing a safety helmet
to be (too) obvious; to be self-evident; "to be as plain as (you) see fire"
a nonverbal person; a person who is not able to speak
a severe punishment
military strength; fighting power
the middle of summer; midsummer
reduction; lowering (-하다/시키다/되다)
an area; a sector
to be rare; to be unusual
to no longer frequent; not to have visitors; "footsteps disconnected"
facing; "direct facing" (-하다)
a heavy blow; "strong hit"
Board of Military Commentary (DPRK equivalent of DoD Official Spokesperson)
maturity (-하다 to be mature)
a forest; a grove
reaction; counteraction (-하다)
division (especially within a nation) (-하다/되다)
disclosure; opening to the public (-하다/되)
a special mission
pride; self-esteem; self-respect
joining (for noble causes) (-하다)
a roll call
a puppet (referring to RoK government)
counter for incidents (accidents, crimes, occurrences)
a route; a course; a channel
originally; at first; in the first place
occurring in many places at the same time; being rampant; "simultaneous time multiple occurrences"
an ingredient; a component; a constituent
a cultural activist
a chapter; (figuratively) an era
stirring up public opinion
to be locked in; to be imprisoned
heat wave; scorching heat; "fierce heat"
handling; coping with; dealing with (-하다)
to result in; to end in; to go to; "to turn around and go"
malnutrition; unbalanced nutrition; dystrophy
a (TV/monitor) screen
suddenly; by chance
to be fearful; to be afraid
a type of bill payment system available at a bank
the quality (of materials like wood, iron, plastic, etc); "material quality"
blocking (off/out); cutting off (-하다/되다)
based on; founded on
a man-made disaster; a disaster caused by humans
continuous occurrence (-하다)
freshwater; mineral water; "live water"
try; attempt (-하다)
maintenance and repairs
the elite (troops, players, etc.); the best
antihumanistic; against humanity
indifferently; inattentively; thoughtlessly; "with no heart"
impiety/disobedience to one's parents (-하다)
먹고 살 길을 열어주다
open the way for someone to make a living
to boast; to brag; to show off
to be twisted; to be tangled
to scatter; to spread/to be scattered
to succeed (back to back); to follow one after another
a victim of natural disaster or war; "people in difficulty"
before one realizes; in no time; so soon
(one's entire) life
a factor; an element
to be apparent; to be clear; to be distinct
critical condition; "serious condition"
a dead body; a corpse
to be afraid of
a secretary general; a president
overnight; during the night
flood damage; "water damage"
a stage set
food crisis; food shortage
to be enough; to be sufficient
a fallen leaf
a concern; a worry; an apprehension (-하다/되다)
an assistant (instructor)
to hit hard; to strike
to receive; to greet; to welcome
a co-pilot; "deputy pilot"
a boundary (-선 line)
the height; the summit; the climax; the peak; at the peak
the whole area/place; throughout (the area)
heading to/for; bound
velocity; wind speed
flooding; inundation (-하다)
a point in the past; at the time; then
removal; taking away (-하다/되다)
a pocket; a (small) sack
only; just; barely; no more than
a complaint; a protest (-하다)
to be thin
an air-to-air missile
total destruction (-되다)
a letter of intent; protocol
남의 일 같지 않다
to be (too) important (to be ignored); to feel it is one's own business; "feel like it is not other people's business"
oppression; control (-하다/되다)
as time goes on; with the lapse of time
to be cruel; to be brutal; to be atrocious
human body; human organism
appearance (on TV, radio, movie, etc.) (-하다)
toxic gas; "poison gas"
standing by (-하다)
an "eco park"
the season; the time of year; the time; the times
a comrade; "(person with) same aim"
a fighter plane
a rooftop; "house top"
the true nature (of something or an entity); the truth; "real body"
nobility; "noble and precious" (-하다 to be noble)
exchange of fire; a battle; "exchange of war"
by far; a lot
prostitution; "selling spring"
to be serious; to be earnest
to accomplish; to achieve
stagnant water; "accumulated water"
a component; an ingredient
TI&E (Troop Information and Education)
a torpedo; "fish thunder"
to break down; to be out of order
the Labor Party of DPRK
a water route; "water way"
an urgent priority; urgent business
a zone; an area; a region; a belt
wisdom; good sense (-하다 to be wise; to be sensible)
a special report; (weather) advisory; "a special announcement/warning"
to struggle; to suffer
patriotism; patriotic spirit; "country-loving heart"
to hesitate; to waive; to dawdle
measure (to take); a step (taken in dealing with an issue) (-하다)
prolonging; extending over a long period of time (-하다/되다)
to have something stolen
to inquire or look into (in order to find an answer or distinguish right and wrong)
to be formal; to be unfriendly; to be hard; to be stiff
to take a good look at; to inspect closely; to look around
going slowly; crawling; driving/cruising slowly (-하다)
activation; galvanization (-하다/되다)
restaurant business; food-service industry
to be seen; to be visible (눈에-)
a joke (for laughs) (-하다/되다)
fate (in human relationships); destiny; karma
a fight/struggle against a disease (-하다)
the Great Leader (referring to NK's 김정일)
every time; all the time; always
a reunion (of long-separated people)
a railroad worker; a railroad employee
a weather forecaster; a meteorologist; "weather caster"
crops; farm produce
to be special; to be particular
to step in (for an action); step forward; to take action
a resident company (at an industrial site)
crossing a river
personal information (정보)
the same nation; the same race; the same tribe; the same blood
draining (of water)
Korea; Korean Peninsula
an inaugural address/ speech
the shoulder (of a road); "side road"
oppression; curbing by force; "violent pressing"
going to school (-하다)
a torpedo; "fish thunder"
a wish (-하다)
to use (a newly learned skill or trick)
military personnel; officers and men
a time; a period; a season
the commissioner; a chief of a committee
chronic; habitual; inveterate
a cease-fire agreement
a rule; a regulation
to be self-explanatory; to be obvious
safely; safe and sound; "with no accident"
a cartoon; a comic strip; manga
linking; association (-하다/시키다/되다)
a guest room (at a hotel, motel, etc)
a guard ship; a patrol ship
irrationality; absurdity (-하다)
to feel burdensome
dim; faint; flickering; glimmering (a "mimicking" word that describes flickering)
hitting the target; "middle of the target" (-하다/되다)
to be sensitive to; to be apt to feel; to be influenced by (weather, shyness, etc.)
sometimes; occasionally; often; frequently
a political prisoner
aging; becoming obsolete
a (legal) court
an underwater rock; a hidden reef
exclusively; nothing but; just full of bare (hand, foot, face, etc.)
to not know; to be at a loss
at the time of ~; on the occasion of ~;
a residence; a place to live (-하다)
frequent occurrences; "continuous coming out" (-하다)
combining; uniting (-하다)
a navy vessel
a crowd; "a wave of people"
propel; driving forward (-하다/되다)
the body of a plane; a fuselage
to be peculiar; to be singular; to be remarkable; "to be specially different"
a character; a personality; a characteristic; "character"
perceiving; sensing (-하다/되다)
to fall upon; to attack; to overtake
a loner; a solitary person; "single nut"
various areas; all relevant areas
a jagged stone; stone with sharp part sticking out of the ground
the eighth day (of the month); (a period of) eight days
item by item; article by article; in detail
an observatory; an observation tower
readiness for possible war
a (flat) field
abduction; hijacking (-되다)
bruise; contusion (-들다)
a sex slave; "sexual plaything"
relevancy; applicability (-하다/되다)
a bad habit; a vice
a chief engineer (of a ship)
to be unusual; to be peculiar; "to be specially different"
to overflow; to abound
to be fresh; to be refreshing
strike; "closing one's work" (-하다)
abnormal(ity); absurd(ity) (-하다)
the World Meteorological Organization
to spring up; to bounce
obedience to orders from the top; subordination; "the top orders and the bottom obeys"
an insect; a bug
despair; hopelessness; "cute hope" (-하다)
the real condition; the actual condition; reality
to be drought stricken
a test product
to have (something) deducted
as one wishes; according to one's wish
control; solving (-하다/되다)
closeness; intimacy; "tight and dense" (-하다)
coming and going (-하다)
a staff; a delegation; a team
a gruesome crime; a violent crime
to devote (oneself) to; to concentrate on; "to lean"
prejudice; "before established view"
underwater; aquatic; waterborne; "middle of water"
a brutal criminal
natural combustion; "natural outbreak of fire"
reclusion (to live reclusively -하다)
a nuclear test
"If you know your enemies and know yourself, you will not be imperiled by a hundred battles." -Poet Warlord Sun Tzu, Art of War
living together; coexistence (-하다)
to face; to be confronted by
creation; making; construction; establishment (-하다/되다)
a fraud; a scam (-치다)
to cause trouble/a disaster; "call for disaster"
to be wise; to be sensible
same; "same one"
to divide; to separate
deforestation; "destruction of forest"
to be thin; to be light; to be flimsy
pessimism; "sad view" (-하다)
people who have lost their hometown (in a war or disaster); "people who have lost hometown"
hemp; marijuana; hashish; weed; grass; reefer; dope; sticky; bud
to slam into; to drive into
sudden stop (of a vehicle); screeching halt (-하다)
hosting (of an event) (-하다/되다)
to be dizzy; to be giddy; to be faint
to be heavily wooded; to be lush
a railroad; "steel road"
killing two birds with one stone; "one stone, two birds"
to have an eye on; to be after; to aim at
buy and sell in secret; illegal trade (-하다/되다)
a supplementary prize; an extra prize
to be expensive; to be precious; to be valuable; to be priceless
a prediction; forejudging; prejudging (-하다)
to be a habitual practice; to be common
a rescue activity for disaster victims
to be tough; to be formidable; "to be not trifling"
to rage; to be furious (extreme weather)
a military training ground
(filler in colloquial language)
operation (of a machine) (-하다 to operate)
a half century; 50 years
marking; an indication; an expression; a manifestation (-하다/되다)
to be unusual; to be extraordinary; to be uncommon; to be grave
a tsunami; "earthquake sea wave"
a state of emergency
the first of three periods of dog days (hot days) in summer
reflection; regret; reconsideration (-하다)
acuteness; poignancy (-하다)
patrolling (-하다 to patrol)
farmland; agricultural land
a purpose; meaning
a grand prize; "big award"
a tank; "battle car"
to reach; to get to; to amount to; to run up
judgment; decision (-하다)
to be inferior; to be coarse; to be poor; to be deteriorated
secondhand smoke; to breathe secondhand smoke
disasters caused by wind and water
a tropical rain forest; "heat zone rain forest"
to be vague
a shower; a torrential rain
to be sensitive
a necessary condition; a required condition; a requisite
to get through something despite hardship; to tough out something
modification; ornamentation; embellishment (-하다/되다)
to learn about; to hear; to encounter; to come into contact; to border; to adjoin
(on) active duty; "currently serving" (usually serviceman/athlete)
to pound; to knock; to beat
enemy troops; enemy forces
contiguity; adjacency; proximity; "touch with a neighbor" (-하다 to be adjacent; to border on)
to step on
the one and homogeneous race (referring to the Korean nation as a whole)
territorial air/sky; sovereign space
correction and reformation
a jewelry store; "gold and silver room"
a concentration camp; a detention camp
to be pushed aside; a back seat
to be greatly important
to accept; to embrace
to manage living; to get by
without license; "no license"
political; politically motivated
돌이킬 수 없다
to be irrevocable
appeal; complaint (-하다)
wind and waves; rough seas
close interrogation; pressing hard (-하다)
topography; geographical features
inadvertently; unknowingly; mindlessly; "(with) no heart"
the Earth; the globe; "earth ball"
the neighbor monitoring system (in North Korea)
an index; "pointing number"
a ground-breaking ceremony
to be in haste; to be urgent; "to fight against the clock"
exchanges via civilians (North and South Korean)
implementation; practice (-하다)
closeness; intimacy; "dense contact" (-하다)
adversity; adverse circumstances
frequent occurrence (to occur frequently)
to be scary; to be spooky
suppression; oppression (-하다)
love for family members; "family love"
worry; concern (-하다)
a summit meeting
heat wave; sweltering heat; "explosive heat"
public opinion; public sentiment
the critical moment; the climax; the peak; the crisis
valet parking; "proxy parking"
an attack by gunfire
soil; the upper layer of the earth in which plants grow
loading; carrying (-하다/되다)
to become jammed; to become stuck
an exemption law; a law covering special cases
a position; a circumstance
to be full of ups and downs
defection from a political party (-하다)
a flood; floodwater; "big water"
luxury; extravagance (-스럽다)
in one's life; when one was alive
military strength; troops; "soldier power"
to be simple; to be simpleminded; "simple and pure"
water used for (agriculture, factories, etc)
a small-size submarine
an industrial complex
separated families (North and South Korea)
the earth; Mother Earth; "big earth"
one after another; consecutively
first; above all
natural light (in a building or house)
a direct (nonstop) route between airports/seaports
absence of order; disorder; chaos (-하다)
repeated conviction; a repeat criminal
being attacked; being shot; suffering attack
making public (-하다/되다)
to repeat verbally; to echo
exclusive responsibility; being in full charge (-하다)
dismissal (from an official position) (-하다/되다)
reconciliation; peaceful settlement (-하다)
a collective farm; "cooperation farm"
a nickname; another name
a visit (to see a person in a restricted place, such as a military base, hospital, or correctional facility); "face meeting" (-하다)
a violent struggle; squirming (-치다)
a snowy scene
before one realizes; without one's knowledge
a poisonous sting; a poisoned needle; a poisoned dart
oil spill (on the surface of the water); "oil belt" or "oil streak"
independent; self-reliant; autonomous
presentation; conferment (-하다/되다)
one's fatherland; a home country; "ancestor country"
to be notorious; to be infamous
to be shabby; to be poor looking; to be careless; to be negligent
precious metals; jewelry
to cause/be caused (-하다/되다)
to keep (a person or thing) at a distance; to shy off; to shun; to avoid
a satellite picture
stative verb making suffix that works with a limited number of nouns ending in vowels
meekly; tamely; obediently
the opening and closing of a ceremony
forest; woods; "mountain forest"
a return courtesy; a return call (-하다)
the human body
to bear fruit
the north; the northern area (normally referring to North Korea)
a (main) cause; a factor
to miss dearly
short circuit; "joined wires" (-하다/돠다)
a fuel tank
to turn; to twist
an engine room; a machinery room
NLL (Northern Limit Line)
an angel; "heavenly envoy"
the side(s) of a railroad; a railroad shoulder
a wet road; "rain road"
supporting; propping up; maintaining (-하다)
devastation; ruining (-하다/되다)
over and over (again); time and again
sincerity; sympathy; devotion
to put into practice
an infantry fighting vehicle (IFV); "armored vehicle for battle)
maintenance of a scanty existence; barely managing to live; "dragging one's life" (-하다)
spreading; proliferation (-하다/시키다/되다)
an expression; a manifestation; a display; "surfacing" (-하다/되다)
a significance; a cause; a meaning
a society; an association; a league
a nuisance; a bother; a pest; a headache; "material for brain [use]"
to take something to heart; to commit to; "engrave in one's heart"
repeated occurrence (-하다)
downfall; degradation; degeneration (-하다)
a thief; "empty house ransacking criminal"
a prejudice; a bias
judging by; judging from
directing (a movie, a musical, a show, etc.); (-하다)
feeling; emotion; sentiment
a natural disaster
sleet; wet snow
to be inactive; to be quiet; few people around
an icy road; "ice plate road"
(derogatory term) a trick; a method
to rid of; to deprive
warning (-하다 to warn)
a machine gun
waves; fluctuation; a crisis; a shock; "wave movement"
a shopping basket
breaking down; subdividing; segmentation (-하다/되다)
a draining chute; a draining cut; "draining road"
a slope; an incline; a hill; "slope road"
a countermeasure; a solution
a thermometer; "temperature calculating"
a refigeration car; a refrigerated boxcar
a railroad employee; a railroader
aspiration; direction (-시키다)
an unusual event; an unexpected change; a twist; an accident; "different change"
attire; an outfit; "dress setting"
emergency ejection of a pilot
an existing custom; a customary practice; a convention
a heart attack; heart failure
signing (an agreement, a contract, etc.) (-하다/되다)
spreading; circulation; dissemination (-하다/시키다 to spread)
promptly; as soon as possible
to be rewarding; to feel rewarded; "to feel worthwhile"
all of a sudden; suddenly; "at no time"
a detailed statement
(an old unit of length in Korea) about 3.03cm
an unidentified assailant; a suspicious person
to be bony; to be skinny
an insect; insects in general
entire(ly); all-out; "whole surface"
exhaust emission; "emitted gas"
a disaster; an unfortunate event; a misfortune
ordinary people; the general public
a railroad; a railway; "iron/steel road"
to be in (a certain situation)
sympathy; "same feeling" (-하다/되다)
being filled to capacity; being overcrowded
neatly; orderly (a "mimicking" word that describes stacking things neatly)
ATM; "cash withdrawing machine"
one's gaze; a glance; attention
an agreed-upon item/idea
to be noisy; to be astir; to be in a (state of) commotion
execution by firing squad; "killing punishment through a gun"
an insect; a bug; a worm
a corvette; a warship
to be terrible; to be awful
the level of water; "water position"
a (disciplinary) punishment
a harvest (-하다)
to postpone; to delay
rules of engagement
hunger; starvation (-지다)
more or less; "many and few"
a little bit over; upward of
clear statement (-하다/되다)
the way home from work
on the contrary
anyway; at any rate
communication; contact (-하다)
to lurch; to stagger
bribing; offering a bribe; "paying up" (-하다)
a warrior; a combatant
management of materials
confession (of a crime) (-하다)
an alert status
not to be inferior; to be comparable to
an arsenal; "ammunition storehouse"
to be ardent; to be earnest
to be in touch with; to be in contact with; to adjoin; to border
to be kicked out
a scarf; a muffler
to wane; to decline
to ignore; to turn one's back on (-하다)
payment (of taxes, tuition, bills, etc.)
an inverse proportion/ratio (-하다)
a designation; a reference (-하다/되다)
(of) one side; one way
underwater; sea bottom; seabed
inland traffic; inland transportation
a piloting site (of a new development, complex, etc); a model complex
to bud; "a bud breaks"
a main culprit
foundation; establishment (-하다/되다)
a disciplinary punishment (-하다)
to reverse; to look back; to recover
day labor; a day laborer
horrors; a terrible scene; atrocity
a released prisoner; "person who exits (correctional) facility"
a guard post; a checkpoint
death in the line of duty (-하다)
a logger; a lumberjack
a hit-and-run (-치다)
a (concentrated) heavy rain; "piled rain"
prostitution; "sex trade"
a journal; a diary
a crime; a criminal act
to make matters worse; what is worse; "adding frost to snow" (-으로)
to govern; to control; to punish
a trial; an attempt (-하다/되다)
earthquake-proof; "enduring earthquake"
flooding; inundation (-되다)
sending to North Korea (-하다/되다)
a comic book; a manga book
killing by gunshot
to oppose; to stand against
recession; economic slump
to be hurled out; to be catapulted out; to bounce out
a military doctor
to be many; to be plenty in number
considering; seeing; as; for
to guess; to infer; to surmise; "to guess by inferring"
a guidance division; a fostering division; leadership division
retreat (to retreat; to go back) (-하다)
a poor country
as ... as possible
overcoming; conquest (-하다/되다)
labor costs; personnel expenses
reinforcement; strengthening (-하다/되다)
to be lonely
the chief/head (of a government, an organization, etc.)
to grab; to grasp
a railway bridge; "steel bridge"
guard; escort (-하다)
the defense industry
to press; to urge; to impel; to spur on
a shock; an impact
falling behind (-되다)
a warning broadcast
to be noble; to be sublime
the -th anniversary
a floating mine; a naval mine; "ship mine"
a time; a period
to abstain from; to refrain from
drinking water; potable water
waste disposal (-하다/되다)