Flashcards in Unit 1B - Hot Deserts - Case Study - Thar Desert Deck (17)
Where is Thar Desert located? Which Indian state is the desert mostly in?
North West India, border with Pakistan
Mostly in Rajasthan
Size of Thar Desert?
It is most ... populated desert in World
Four opportunities in Thar Desert?
Mineral extraction, tourism, energy, farming
4 important minerals and what its used for?
Gypsum - plaster/cement in construction
Feldspar - ceramics
Phosphorite - fertiliser
Kaolin - whitener in paper
Where is limestone found and why is it important for India?
Found in Jaisalmer and is main source of limestone for India's steel industry
Amount of people visit desert per year?
Tens of thousands
Four energy sources found in Thar desert?
Coal, oil, wind, solar
What products commercially farmed?
Cotton and wheat
What can temperatures exceed to? Amount of rainfall per year?
50˚C and between 100 and 240mm of rainfall per year
3 problems that can result from high temperatures?
Too hot to work outside, high evaporation = water shortage, animals need to adapt
3 sources of water?
Ponds - natural or man-made
Few rivers and streams
Underground - aquifers
Name of canal built to help with irrigation?
India Gandhi Canal
Another challenge for development in desert?
Accessibility - limited road network, high temperatures can melt tarmac and strong winds can blow sand over roads
Name of solar power plant and what it's used for? Name of wind park and when was it built?
Bhaleri Solar Power used in water treatment and Jaisalmer Wind Park constructed in 2001
3 challenges of Thar Desert?
Extreme temperatures, water supply and inaccessibility