Unit 2 Fill in the Blank Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Fill in the Blank Deck (59):
1

The ____ is a remnant of the fetal_____ an arterial shunt between the pulmonary trunk and aortic arch

ligamentum arteriosum, ductus arteriosus

2

The middle cardiac vein drains into the coronary sinus, whereas the _____and the venae cordis minimae drain into the right atrium

anterior cardiac veins

3

The paranchyma (glandular tissue) of the mammary gland is located within the ____ (layer) of the anterior chest wall overlying the serratus anterior and muscles.

superficial fascia, pectoralis major

4

The parietal and visceral layers of the pleura are continuous at the ____of the lung.

root

5

The left,_____ and____ lobes of the liver typically receive their primary arterial blood supply from branches of the left hepatic artery.

quadrate, caudate

6

The ejaculatory duct is formed by the union of the and ______, and drains directly into the prostatic urethra (sinus)

vas deferens, seminal vesicle

7

The superior epigastric artery is one of the terminal branches of the ____ artery.

internal thoracic

8

The ____lymph nodes are located directly inferior to the carina.

inferior trachiobronchial

9

The left superior intercostal vein is typically a direct tributary of the_____ .

left brachiocephalic vein

10

The _____ artery, common bile duct and hepatic portal vein are all suspended within the hepatoduodenal ligament.

proper hepatic artery

11

The _____ (thoracic space) extends from the thoracic inlet to a plane extending from the inferior border of vertebra T4 to the sternal angle.

superior mediastinum

12

In infants, the_____ (a visceral structure) typically extends into the anterior mediastinum

thymus

13

The ____, a lymphatic vessel, begins at the cisterna chyli and empties into the venous system at the junction of the left subclavian and internal jugular veins.

thoracic duct

14

The_____ duct traverses the diaphragm by passing through the aortic hiatus

thoracic

15

The ____vein is formed by the union of the right ascending lumbar, right lumbar azygos and right subcostal veins.

azygos

16

The uterus typically receives its blood supply from branches of the_____ (female inferior vesicle), ovarian and uterine arteries.

vaginal

17

In its course through the mediastinum, the is typically constricted anteriorly by the arch of the aorta and the left main bronchus.

esophagus

18

The cardiac plexus, positioned between the bifurcation of the trachea and the arch of the aorta, receives parasympathetic axons from the_____ nerves

vagus

19

The posterior interventricular artery is typically a direct branch of the ____

right coronary artery

20

The ____nerves typically traverses the diaphragm by piercing or passing through the crura.

greater splanchnic

21

In the coronary sulcus, the_____ vein is positioned adjacent to the right coronary artery.

small cardiac

22

The _____are irregular columns of muscle in the wall of the right ventricle.

trabeculae carnae

23

Indirect inguinal hernias are positioned _____ to the inferior epigastric artery.

lateral

24

The_____ connect the rete testis with the head of the epididymis.

efferent ductules

25

At the superficial ring the floor of the inguinal canal is formed by the ______ .

lacunar ligament

26

The cremaster muscle is innervated by a branch of the_____ nerve.

genitofemoral

27

The lower portion of the esophagus typically receives its blood supply from branches of the _____ artery

left gastric

28

An important portal-systemic (caval) shunt occurs at the distal end of the rectum where tributaries of the superior rectal vein anastomosis with tributaries of the____vein.

middle (and inferior) rectal

29

A hepatic triad includes a branch of the hepatic artery, bile duct and_____

hepatic portal vein

30

In fetal life, the ductus venosus shunts placental blood from the umbilical vein to the_____
.

inferior vena cava

31

The ventral mesentery includes the falciform, hepatogastric and_____ligaments

hepatoduodenal

32

The left kidney is typically positioned adjacent to the diaphragm, psoas major, ___ and quadratus lumborum muscles.

transversus abdominis

33

The tail of the_____ is positioned between the layers of the lienorenal ligament
(a peritoneal fold).

pancreas

34

The omental foramen is positioned directly posterior to the _____vein.

hepatic portal

35

The lateral umbilical ligament is a peritoneal fold surrounding the_____

inferior epigastric artery

36

The splenic artery is positioned in part between the layers of the____ ligament.

lienorenal

37

The peripheral aspect of the ______overlying the superior surface of the diaphragm receives its sensory innervation from the intercostal nerves.

pleura

38

The glans of the penis receives its sensory innervation from the dorsal nerve of the penis, one of the terminal branches of the_____ nerve.

pudendal

39

The 2nd – 4th segments of the __________ are all retroperitoneal structures

duodenum

40

The convex surface of the spleen is in contact with the peritoneum covering the inferior surface of the ____ .

diaphragm

41

The sigmoid arteries are typically branches of the _____ artery

inferior mesenteric

42

The bulbospongiosus muscle and the____sphinchter both attach in part to the perineal body

external anal

43

The lymphatics of the posterior abdominal wall typically drain directly into the_____ lymph nodes

retroaortic

44

The tips of the renal papillae drain urine into the ___ of the kidneys.

minor calyces

45

The left testicular vein is typically a direct branch of the___ _ .

left renal vein

46

The____forms the inferior border of the deep space or pouch of the perineum.

perineal membrane

47

The left inferior suprarenal artery is typically a direct branch of the___ .

left renal artery

48

The crura of the penis are attached to the____ of the bony pelvis.

ischiopubic rami

49

The lymphatics of the testes drain directly into the____ nodes.

lateral aortic

50

The external anal sphinchter is innervated by the ___________ nerve, a branch of the pudendal nerve.

inferior rectal

51

The____, cremasteric and deferent arteries are all located in part within the spermatic cord.

testicular

52

The anterior recess of the____is positioned between the deep transverse perineus muscle and the pelvic diaphragms.

ischiorectal fossa

53

Adjacent to the cervix, the uterine artery typically anastomses with branches of the ___________ artery.

vaginal

54

The ___ fascia is continuous with the fascia of the external oblique muscle.

external spermatic

55

The _____ orifice and the orifices of the ureters are positioned at the angles of the trigone of the bladder.

internal urethral

56

In the female, the superficial transverse perineus muscle extends from the ischial tuberosity to the _____.

perineal body (central tendon)

57

During an episiotomy it may be necessary to block multiple nerves because the female perineum receives its sensory innervation from branches of the genitofemoral, ilioinguinal, ____ and posterior femoral cutaneous nerves.

pudendal

58

The levator ani muscle attaches in part to the tendinous arch, a thickening of the fascia of the ______ muscle.

obturator internus

59

The sphincter urethrae and ______ muscles are both positioned in the deep perineal space.

deep transverse perineus