Flashcards in Unit 2 Fill in the Blank Deck (59):
The ____ is a remnant of the fetal_____ an arterial shunt between the pulmonary trunk and aortic arch
ligamentum arteriosum, ductus arteriosus
The middle cardiac vein drains into the coronary sinus, whereas the _____and the venae cordis minimae drain into the right atrium
anterior cardiac veins
The paranchyma (glandular tissue) of the mammary gland is located within the ____ (layer) of the anterior chest wall overlying the serratus anterior and muscles.
superficial fascia, pectoralis major
The parietal and visceral layers of the pleura are continuous at the ____of the lung.
The left,_____ and____ lobes of the liver typically receive their primary arterial blood supply from branches of the left hepatic artery.
The ejaculatory duct is formed by the union of the and ______, and drains directly into the prostatic urethra (sinus)
vas deferens, seminal vesicle
The superior epigastric artery is one of the terminal branches of the ____ artery.
The ____lymph nodes are located directly inferior to the carina.
The left superior intercostal vein is typically a direct tributary of the_____ .
left brachiocephalic vein
The _____ artery, common bile duct and hepatic portal vein are all suspended within the hepatoduodenal ligament.
proper hepatic artery
The _____ (thoracic space) extends from the thoracic inlet to a plane extending from the inferior border of vertebra T4 to the sternal angle.
In infants, the_____ (a visceral structure) typically extends into the anterior mediastinum
The ____, a lymphatic vessel, begins at the cisterna chyli and empties into the venous system at the junction of the left subclavian and internal jugular veins.
The_____ duct traverses the diaphragm by passing through the aortic hiatus
The ____vein is formed by the union of the right ascending lumbar, right lumbar azygos and right subcostal veins.
The uterus typically receives its blood supply from branches of the_____ (female inferior vesicle), ovarian and uterine arteries.
In its course through the mediastinum, the is typically constricted anteriorly by the arch of the aorta and the left main bronchus.
The cardiac plexus, positioned between the bifurcation of the trachea and the arch of the aorta, receives parasympathetic axons from the_____ nerves
The posterior interventricular artery is typically a direct branch of the ____
right coronary artery
The ____nerves typically traverses the diaphragm by piercing or passing through the crura.
In the coronary sulcus, the_____ vein is positioned adjacent to the right coronary artery.
The _____are irregular columns of muscle in the wall of the right ventricle.
Indirect inguinal hernias are positioned _____ to the inferior epigastric artery.
The_____ connect the rete testis with the head of the epididymis.
At the superficial ring the floor of the inguinal canal is formed by the ______ .
The cremaster muscle is innervated by a branch of the_____ nerve.
The lower portion of the esophagus typically receives its blood supply from branches of the _____ artery
An important portal-systemic (caval) shunt occurs at the distal end of the rectum where tributaries of the superior rectal vein anastomosis with tributaries of the____vein.
middle (and inferior) rectal
A hepatic triad includes a branch of the hepatic artery, bile duct and_____
hepatic portal vein
In fetal life, the ductus venosus shunts placental blood from the umbilical vein to the_____
inferior vena cava
The ventral mesentery includes the falciform, hepatogastric and_____ligaments
The left kidney is typically positioned adjacent to the diaphragm, psoas major, ___ and quadratus lumborum muscles.
The tail of the_____ is positioned between the layers of the lienorenal ligament
(a peritoneal fold).
The omental foramen is positioned directly posterior to the _____vein.
The lateral umbilical ligament is a peritoneal fold surrounding the_____
inferior epigastric artery
The splenic artery is positioned in part between the layers of the____ ligament.
The peripheral aspect of the ______overlying the superior surface of the diaphragm receives its sensory innervation from the intercostal nerves.
The glans of the penis receives its sensory innervation from the dorsal nerve of the penis, one of the terminal branches of the_____ nerve.
The 2nd – 4th segments of the __________ are all retroperitoneal structures
The convex surface of the spleen is in contact with the peritoneum covering the inferior surface of the ____ .
The sigmoid arteries are typically branches of the _____ artery
The bulbospongiosus muscle and the____sphinchter both attach in part to the perineal body
The lymphatics of the posterior abdominal wall typically drain directly into the_____ lymph nodes
The tips of the renal papillae drain urine into the ___ of the kidneys.
The left testicular vein is typically a direct branch of the___ _ .
left renal vein
The____forms the inferior border of the deep space or pouch of the perineum.
The left inferior suprarenal artery is typically a direct branch of the___ .
left renal artery
The crura of the penis are attached to the____ of the bony pelvis.
The lymphatics of the testes drain directly into the____ nodes.
The external anal sphinchter is innervated by the ___________ nerve, a branch of the pudendal nerve.
The____, cremasteric and deferent arteries are all located in part within the spermatic cord.
The anterior recess of the____is positioned between the deep transverse perineus muscle and the pelvic diaphragms.
Adjacent to the cervix, the uterine artery typically anastomses with branches of the ___________ artery.
The ___ fascia is continuous with the fascia of the external oblique muscle.
The _____ orifice and the orifices of the ureters are positioned at the angles of the trigone of the bladder.
In the female, the superficial transverse perineus muscle extends from the ischial tuberosity to the _____.
perineal body (central tendon)
During an episiotomy it may be necessary to block multiple nerves because the female perineum receives its sensory innervation from branches of the genitofemoral, ilioinguinal, ____ and posterior femoral cutaneous nerves.
The levator ani muscle attaches in part to the tendinous arch, a thickening of the fascia of the ______ muscle.