Unit 2 MC Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 MC Deck (67):
1

The descending (thoracic) aorta passes to the left main bronchus.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

B. Posterior

2

The descending (thoracic) aorta is typically positioned to the thoracic vertebral bodies.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. lateral (left)
D. lateral (right)

C. Lateral (left)

3

The internal thoracic artery and vein are positioned directly to the first six costal cartilages.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

B. Posterior

4

The right posterior intercostal arteries pass to the vertebral bodies.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

A. Anterior

5

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary artery is positioned to the primary bronchus.
A. anterioor
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

C. Superior

6

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary arteries are positioned to the primary bronchus.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

A. Anterior

7

The left phrenic nerve passes to the root of the lung.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

A. Anterior

8

The left phrenic nerve is positioned to the pericardial sac.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. lateral
D. superior

C. Lateral

9

Adjacent to the ligamentum arteriosum, the left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes directly to the arch of the aorta.
A. superior
B. inferior
C. anterior
D. posterior

B. Inferior

10

The left vagus nerve passes directly to the arch of the aorta.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

D. Lateral

11

The left vagus nerve passes to the left main bronchus.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

B. Posterior

12

The right phrenic nerve is positioned to the superior vena cava.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

D. Lateral

13

The right vagus nerve passes to the right main bronchus.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. lateral

B. Posterior

14

The azygos vein (arch) passes to the right main bronchus before draining into the superior vena cava.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

C. Superior

15

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned to the main bronchus.
A. anterior and superior
B. anterior and inferior
C. posterior and superior
D. posterior and inferior

B. Anterior and Inferior

16

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned __________ to the main bronchus.
A. anterior and superior
B. anterior and inferior
C. posterior and superior
D. posterior and inferior

B. Anterior and inferior

17

The superior vena cava is positioned to the ascending aorta.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

D. Lateral

18

The esophagus is positioned to the trachea.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

B. Posterior

19

The esophagus passes to the left main bronchus.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

B. Posterior

20

The thoracic duct is positioned to the thoracic vertebral bodies.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. lateral (left)
D. lateral (right)

A. Anterior

21

The gastroduodenal artery passes to the first segment of the duodenum.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

B. Posterior

22

The hepatic artery proper, hepatic portal vein and common bile duct pass to the epiploic foramen.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

A. Anterior

23

The splenic artery passes to the fundus of the stomach.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

B. Posterior

24

The splenic artery and vein are typically positioned __________ to the body and tail of the pancreas.
A. anterior and superior
B. anterior and inferior
C. posterior and superior
D. posterior and inferior

C. Posterior and Superior

25

The superior mesenteric artery and vein are positioned to the neck or body of the pancreas.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

B. Posterior

26

The superior mesenteric artery passes directly to the left renal vein.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

A. Anterior

27

The right renal artery passes directly to the inferior vena cava.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

B. Posterior

28

The right testicular artery passes directly to the inferior vena cava.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

A. Anterior

29

The right testicular artery and vein pass directly to the right ureter.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

A. Anterior

30

The inferior vena cava is positioned to the caudate lobe of the liver.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

D. Lateral

31

The splenic vein passes to the stomach.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. lateral

B. Posterior

32

The left renal vein passes directly to the abdominal aorta.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

A. anterior

33

The left renal vein passes directly to the superior mesenteric artery.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

B. Posterior

34

The gall bladder is positioned to the quadrate lobe of the liver.
A. anterior
B posterior.
C. medial
D. lateral

D. Lateral

35

The common bile duct passes to the first segment of the duodenum.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

B. Posterior

36

The third segment of the duodenum passes to the abdominal aorta and the inferior vena cava.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

A. Anterior

37

The pudendal nerve, and internal pudendal artery and vein all pass to the sacrospinous ligament (or ischial spine).
A. superficial
B. deep
C. medial
D. lateral

A. Superficial

38

The lumbosacral trunk passes to the ala of the sacrum.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

A. Anterior

39

The ovary is typically positioned to the uterine tube.
A. anterior and superior
B. anterior and inferior
C. posterior and superior
D. posterior and inferior

D. Posterior and Inferior

40

The rectum is positioned to the vagina and cervix.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. lateral (right)
D. lateral (left)

B. Posterior

41

The ureter passes to the uterine artery.
A. superior and anterior
B. superior and posterior
C. inferior and anterior
D. inferior and posterior

D. inferior and posterior

42

The urethra is positioned to the vagina.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. lateral (left)
D. lateral (right)

A. anterior

43

The uterus (cervix) is positioned to the bladder.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. lateral (left)
D. lateral (right)

B. posterior

44

The perineal body (central tendon) is positioned to the vagina.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. lateral (left)
D. lateral (right)

B. posterior

45

The levator ani muscle is positioned to the obturator internus muscle.
A. superior
B. inferior
C. medial
D. lateral

C. medial

46

The deep dorsal vein of the penis passes to the pubic symphysis.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

D. inferior

47

The prostate is positioned to the bladder.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

D. inferior

48

The bulb of the penis is positioned directly to the urogenital diaphragm.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

D. inferior

49

The prostate is positioned to the urogenital diaphragm.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior

C. superior

50

The rectum is positioned to the prostate.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. lateral (left)
D. lateral (right)

B. posterior

51

The ampulla of the ductus deferens is positioned to the bladder.
A. superior
B. inferior
C. anterior
D. posterior

D. posterior

52

The ampulla of the ductus deferens is positioned posterior and to the prostate.
A. anterior and superior
B. anterior and inferior
C. posterior and superior
D. posterior and inferior

C. posterior and superior

53

The seminal vesicle is positioned to the ampulla of the ductus deferens.
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. medial
D. lateral

D. lateral

54

Which of the following changes occurs at birth?
A. Blood pressure in the right atrium becomes significantly higher than in the left atrium
B. Ductus venosus shunts blood from the aorta into the pulmonary trunk
C. Resistance to blood flow into the pulmonary arteries is significantly reduced
D. Right ventricle pumps blood exclusively into the systemic circulation
E. Significant amount of blood regurgitates from the ventricles into atria

C. Resistance to blood flow into the pulmonary arteries is significantly reduced

55

Pericardioperitoneal canals:
A. allow communication between abdominal and thoracic cavities
B. allow lengthening and looping of the endocardial tubes
C. are located dorsal to the cardiogenic area before embryonic folding
D. are the openings into the omental bursa
E. provide space for the neural tube development

A. allow communication between abdominal and thoracic cavities

56

Central tendon of the diaphragm derives from the:
A. dorsal mesentery.
B. pleuroperitoneal membrane.
C. proximal midgut.
D. septum transversum.
E. ventral pancreatic bud.

D. septum transversum

57

Fusion of the right and left endocardial tubes form:
A. the primitive heart tube.
B. the dorsal aorta.
C. during the 2nd week.
D. caudal to septum transversum in 3rd week.
E. in the septum transversum.

A. the primitive heart tube

58

In a patient lying supine, ascites (peritoneal fluid) is most often found in the omental bursa due to gravity and fluid moving into this space through the:
A. ampulla of Vater.
B. cystic duct.
C. epiploic foramen (of Winslow).
D. lesser peritoneal sac.
E. lienorenal ligament.

C. epiploic foramen (of Winslow).

59

Which of the following first returns to the body from the physiological herniation?
A. Cecum
B. Cloaca
C. Bile duct
D. Jejunum
E. Pancreas

D. jejunum

60

Which of the following is true for transformation of the foregut?
A. Dorsal mesogastrium drapes over the transverse colon
B. Omental bursa forms from elongation of the ventral mesogastrium
C. Pancreas rotates to the right side of the duodenum
D. Splanchnic lateral mesoderm gives rise to the myenteric plexus
E. Stomach rotates to the right and cephalic direction

A. Dorsal mesogastrium drapes over the transverse colon

61

Which of the following is true for the midgut?
A. Appendix arises from it
B. Attached to the dorsal body wall by greater omentum
C. It loops out into the umbilical cord and rotates to the left
D. Main blood supply is from branches of the celiac trunk
E. None of the above

A. Appendix arises from it

62

Which of the following is true?
A. Accessory pancreatic duct is found in the uncinate process
B. Duodenum is derived from the septum transversum
C. Gall bladder is derived from the midgut diverticulum
D. Liver develops in the dorsal mesentery
E. Ventral pancreatic bud is supplied by branches of the celiac trunk

E. Ventral pancreatic bud is supplied by branches of the celiac trunk

63

At 5th week of embryonic development, which of the following is functional?
A. Pronephros
B. Mesonephros
C. Metanephros
D. Prostate gland
E. Allantois

B. Mesonephros

64

Which of the following gives rise to the seminal vesicles?
A. Endoderm of the urogenital sinus
B. Genital tubercle
C. Allantois
D. Mesonephric duct
E. Labioscrotal folds

D. Mesonephric duct

65

In the 5th week of development, mesonephric ducts fail to form on both sides of an embryo. Which of the following conditions would you expect to see in the new born?
A. Accessory renal arteries
B. Bilateral renal agenesis
C. Pelvic kidney
D. Polycystic kidney disease
E. Ambiguous genitalia

B. Bilateral renal agenesis

66

Labia minora are:
A. derived from the urogenital folds.
B. homologous to the male scrotum.
C. derived from fusion of the caudal paramesonephric ducts.
D. homologous to glans penis.
E. the remnants of mesonephric ducts.

A. derived from the urogenital folds.

67

A genetically male embryo has a mutation that renders paramesonephric ducts insensitive to AMH/MIF, which of the following is the likely phenotype of this embryo at the third trimester?
A. Develop female external genitalia
B. Male genital ducts do not develop
C. More susceptible to developing Wilm’s tumor
D. Ovaries instead of testes
E. Uterus develops

E. Uterus develops