Unit 2 VHD relationships Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 VHD relationships Deck (90):
1

The intercostal nerves, arteries and veins are positioned ___ to the internal intercostal muscles.

Deep

2

The internal thoracic artery is positioned ___ to the first six costal cartilages

posterior (deep)

3

The left phrenic nerve passes _____ to the root of the left lung

anterior

4

The left phrenic nerve is positioned _____ to the pericardial sac

lateral

5

The left phrenic nerve passes ______ to the ascending aorta

lateral

6

The right phrenic nerve is positioned _____ to the superior vena cava.

lateral

7

The right phrenic nerve is positioned ______ to the pericardial sac

lateral

8

The right phrenic nerve passes _____ to the root of the right lung

anterior

9

The arch of the aorta passes _____ to the pulmonary trunk

superior

10

The left vagus nerve passes directly _____ to the arch of the aorta

lateral

11

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes _____ to the ligamentum arteriosum

posterior

12

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes directly____ to the arch of the aorta

inferior

13

The left vagus nerve passes _____ to the left main bronchus

posterior

14

The right vagus nerve is positioned ____ to the trachea.

lateral

15

The right vagus nerve passes _______ to the arch of the azygos vein and ______ to the right main bronchus

medial, posterior

16

The superior vena cava is positioned _____ to the ascending aorta

lateral (right)

17

The azygos vein (arch) passes ______ to the right main bronchus

superior

18

The transverse pericardial sinus is positioned _____ to the ascending aorta and the pulmonary trunk

posterior

19

The esophagus is positioned ______ to the trachea.

posterior

20

The esophagus passes ______ to the left main bronchus.

posterior

21

The descending (thoracic) aorta passes _____ to the left main bronchus

posterior

22

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary artery is positioned ______ to the main bronchus

superior

23

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned _______ to the main bronchus

anterior and inferior

24

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary artery is positioned ________ to the main bronchus

anterior

25

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned _______ to the main bronchus

anterior

26

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned _________ to the pulmonary arteries

anterior and inferior

27

The right posterior intercostal arteries pass ______ to the vertebral bodies

anterior

28

The intercostal veins, arteries, and nerves are all positioned directly _____ to the ribs

inferior

29

The sympathetic chain is positioned ______ to the thoracic vertebral bodies

lateral

30

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned _______ to the pericardial sac

posterior

31

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned ________of the vertebral bodies.

to the left (lateral)

32

The inferior vena cava is positioned to the ______ of the descending aorta.

right

33

The greater splanchnic nerve is positioned _______to the sympathetic chain

anterior - medial

34

The esophagus is positioned _______ to the pericardial sac

posterior

35

Near the diaphragm, the esophagus is positioned ______ to the thoracic aorta

anterior

36

The thoracic duct is positioned directly ______ to the thoracic vertebral bodies

anterior

37

The common bile duct passes ______ to the duodenum (first segment) and _______ to the epiploic foramen.

posterior, anterior

38

The hepatic portal vein passes _______ to the epiploic foramen, and in the lesser omentum (hepatoduodenal ligament), it is typically positioned ______ to the bile duct and the hepatic artery proper

anterior, posterior

39

The hepatic artery proper passes ______ to the epiploic foramen.

anterior

40

The gastroduodenal artery passes _______ to the duodenum (first segment) and ______ to the pancreas

posterior, anterior

41

The duodenum (second segment) is positioned directly _______ of the pancreas (head)

lateral (to the right)

42

The duodenum (3rd segment) is positioned directly _____ to the pancreas (head) and passes ______ to both the inferior vena cava and the abdominal aorta.

inferior, anterior

43

The splenic artery and vein pass ______ to the stomach (fundus) and are typically positioned _______ to the pancreas (body and tail).

posterior, posterior - superior

44

The superior mesenteric artery is positioned ________ to the superior mesenteric vein and passes ______ to the duodenum (4th segment), directly _______ to the left renal vein, and _______ to the pancreas (body)

lateral (to the left), anterior, anterior, posterior

45

The superior mesenteric vein passes ______ to the duodenum (4th segment) and ______ to both the stomach (pylorus) and the pancreas (body).

anterior, posterior

46

The inferior vena cava passes ______ to the liver and is positioned ______ to the caudate lobe.

posterior, lateral

47

The gall bladder is positioned ______ to the quadrate lobe of the liver.

lateral

48

The kidney is positioned ______ to the psoas muscle and ______ to both the quadratus lumborum and transversus abdominis muscles.

anterior - lateral, anterior

49

The right suprarenal gland is positioned _____ to the right kidney.

superior

50

The left suprarenal gland is positioned ______ to the left kidney.

medial

51

The right renal artery passes directly _______ to the inferior vena cava.

posterior

52

The left renal vein passes _______ to the abdominal aorta and ______ to the superior mesenteric artery

anterior, posterior

53

The right ureter passes _____ to the psoas muscle

anterior

54

The right testicular artery passes directly _____ to the inferior vena cava, the right ureter, and the psoas muscle.

anterior

55

The right common iliac artery passes directly ______ to the left common iliac vein

anterior

56

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass ______to the sacrospinous ligament.

posterior-lateral (superficial)

57

The bulbospongiosus muscle is positioned directly _______ to the bulb of the vestibule

superficial (lateral)

58

The ischiocavernosus muscle is positioned directly _______ to the crus of the clitoris.

superficial

59

The rectum is positioned ______ to the vagina and cervix and directly ______ to the rectouterine pouch.

posterior, posterior

60

The uterus (body and fundus) is positioned ______ to the bladder

posterior-superior

61

The uterus is positioned directly ______ to the rectouterine pouch.

anterior

62

The ovary is typically positioned _______ to the broad ligament of the uterus and _______ to the uterine tube.

posterior, posterior-inferior

63

The urethra is positioned _______ to the vagina.

anterior

64

The left common iliac vein is positioned _______ to the common iliac artery

posterior-medial

65

The external iliac vein is positioned _______to the external iliac artery.

posterior-medial

66

The obturator artery, vein and nerve pass _____ to the superior pubic ramus.

inferior

67

The ureter passes ______ to the uterine artery.

posterior and inferior

68

The ureter passes _______ to the vaginal artery.

superior and anterior

69

The lumbosacral trunk passes _______ to the sacrum (ala)

anterior

70

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned ______ to the obturator internus muscle.

medial

71

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass ________ to the sacrospinous ligament.

posterior-lateral (superficial)

72

The bulbospongiosus muscle is positioned directly _______ to the bulb of the penis.

superficial

73

The ischiocavernosus muscle is positioned directly _______ to the crus of the penis.

superficial

74

The deep dorsal vein of the penis passes _______ to the pubic symphysis.

inferior

75

The bulb of the penis is positioned directly _____ to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle).

inferior (superficial)

76

The prostate is positioned ______ to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle)

superior

77

The rectum is positioned _______ to the prostate and _______ to the sacrum and coccyx

posterior, anterior

78

The bladder is positioned _______ to the prostate.

superior

79

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned ______ to the bladder

posterior

80

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned _______ to the prostate.

superior

81

The seminal vesicle is positioned ______ to the ampulla of the ductus deferens.

lateral

82

The seminal vesicle is positioned _______ to the bladder

posterior

83

The ureter passes directly _______ to the ductus deferens

posterior and inferior

84

The left common iliac vein is positioned _______ to the common iliac artery.

posterior-medial

85

The external iliac vein is positioned _______ to the external iliac artery.

posterior-medial

86

The right ureter passes directly _______ to the right external iliac artery.

anterior

87

The ductus deferens passes directly _______to the obliterated umbilical artery

posterior - superior (deep)

88

The obturator artery, vein and nerve pass _______ to the superior pubic ramus.

inferior

89

The lumbosacral trunk passes _____ to the sacrum (ala).

anterior

90

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned _______ to the obturator internus muscle.

medial