Flashcards in Unit 2, Module 1 Glossary Deck (15):
A length of DNA that codes for one (or more) polypeptides.
A polymer consisting of a chain of amino acid residues joined by peptide bonds.
The entire DNA sequence of that organism. The human genome consists of about 3 billion nucleotide base pairs.
A large polypeptide - usually 100 or more amino acids. Some proteins consist of one polypeptide chain and some consists of more that one polypeptide chain.
The creation of a single-stranded mRNA copy of the DNA coding strand.
The assembly of polypeptides at ribosomes.
Triplets of nucleotide bases.
Triplet of unpaired nucleotide bases on tRNA. Each anticodon can bind temporarily with its complementary codon.
A change in the amount of, or arrangement of, the genetic material of a cell.
Involve changes to parts of or whole chromosomes.
Changes to genes due to changes in the nucleotide base sequences.
A DNA mutation in which one base pair replaces another. Also known as substitutions.
A DNA mutation in which one base pair replaces another. These are also called point mutations.
DNA mutation in which one or more nucleotide pairs are inserted or deleted from a length of DNA.