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1

Why is it important to understand normal growth and development?

It helps prevent predict and detect deviations from patients own expected patterns and help us identify abnormal

2

Physical changes that occur from the prenatal period too older adulthood; it demonstrates advancement and deterioration ; Includes measurable changes in the physical body

Growth

3

Refers to the biological cognitive and socioeconomic changes that begin at conception and continue throughout a lifetime ; Behavioral changes in functional abilities and skills

Development

4

Theory in which individuals need to accomplish a particular task before successfully mastering that stage and moving onto the next one ; Each stage has opposing conflicts ; Established tasks can be challenged again in the future

Erikson's eight stages of development

5

Trust versus mistrust, autonomy versus shame and doubt, initiative versus guilt, industry versus inferiority, identity versus role confusion, intimacy versus isolation, generativity versus stagnation, integrity versus despair

Eight stages of development

6

Stage in which you develop the ability to trust others it requires a constant caregiver results in faith/optimism ; Ages birth to one year

Trust vs mistrust

7

Stage in which they gain self-control and independent; ages one through three

Autonomy versus shame and doubt

8

Stage in which children are highly imaginative it results in direction and purpose if successfully pass; Ages three through six years

Initiative versus guilt

9

Age in which children love to be engaged in tasks and activities ; ages six through 11 years

Industry versus inferiority

10

Identity development begins if successfully passed results in devotion and fidelity ; Occurs during puberty

Identity versus role confusion

11

Stage in which people search for friendships And or marriage or partners ;if it fails isolation occurs; Occurs In young adulthood

Intimacy versus isolation

12

Parenthood ,teaching ,community involvement Occur during this stage ;inability results in stagnation ; Middle age

Generativity versus stagnation

13

Engaged in retrospective appraisal ;search for the meaning of life; lose independence ; physical and social loss; Occurs during old age

Integrity versus despair

14

Statutory law; regulatory law; common-law

Sources of law

15

Created by legislative bodies ; defines legal boundaries and practice ; Example -nurse practice act

Statutory law

16

Protect the rights of individuals within society; Occurs when harm to an individual happens or property damage Occurs ; usually awarded by monetary funds

Civil law

17

Protect society as a whole provide punishment for crime defined by municipal state or federal legislation; Includes felonies and misdemeanors

Criminal law

18

Reflect decisions made by administrative body such as the State Board of nursing when they pass rules and regulations

Regulatory law

19

Judicial decisions made in courts when individual legal cases are decided including informed consent cases

Common-law

20

Legal requirement for nursing practice that describes the minimum acceptable nursing care

Standard of care

21

Develop standards for nursing practice policy statement and similar resolutions

American nurses Association

22

Defines the scope of nursing practice ;distinguishes between nursing and medical practice ;establishes education/licensure requirements for nurses; protect public and is different in each state

The nurse practice act

23

Defines practice of nursing more specifically. For that state

State Board of nursing

24

Requires accredited hospitals to have written nursing policies and procedures is a voluntary action

The joint commission

25

Have their own policies and procedures

Healthcare agencies

26

A civil wrong made against a person or property

Tort

27

Willful acts that violate another person's right such as assault , battery or false imprisonment, or insurance fraud

Intentional tort

28

Intent is lacking but Direct causation occurs and involves injury; Example would be invasion of privacy or defamation of character

Quasi-intentional Tort

29

Negligence or malpractice

Unintentional tort

30

Assault, battery or false imprisonment

Intentional torts