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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (55)
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1

what develops in the yolk sac wall (4th wk gestation), then migratesinto the urogenital ridge to become the ovary?

Germ cells

2

What grows caudally, swings medially and fuses with the urogenital sinus?

lateral mullerian ducts

3

The unfused upper portion of the lateral müllerian ducts forms the

fallopian tubes

4

This part of the lower lateral mullerian ducts fused to develop into what?

Uterus, Cervix and Upper vagina

5

The urogential sinus develops when this subdivides by the urorectal septum?

cloaca

6

The urogential sinus forms the lower part of what and this part of the external genitalia.

vagina and vestibule

7

what is considered normal behavior of the female mesonephric ducts ?

it regress

8

The female mesonepric ducts can show up as what in an adult?

Epithelial inclusions

9

A cystic cervix and vagina can be termed as

Gartner duct cysts.

10

What common infections cause discomfort without serious sequelae?

•Candida•Trichomonas•Gardnerella

11

What infections can cause female infertility?

N. gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia

12

What other infections contribute to Preterm deliveries?

U. urealyticum and M. hominis

13

HSVs viral infection can cause

painful genital ulcerations

14

The HPV viral infection is involved in cancers of the

Cervix, Vagina and Vulva

15

Many infections are sexually transmitted. True or False

True

16

What are the two dividsions of infections?

Lower Genital Tract and Lower/Upper Genital Tract

17

ID the order of Herpes Simplex Virus and Genital herpes frequency

cervix, vagina and vaulva

18

What serotype results in oropharyngeal infection but may not be detected in the genital region?

HSV1

19

What virus involves genital mucosa and skin, and may cause oral infections.

HSV2

20

Lesions that appear 3-7 days after transmission assocated with systemic symptoms?

fever, malaise and tender inguinal lymph nodes

21

HSV early lesions consists of

Red papules -> Vesicles -> Coalescent painful ulcers

22

Lesions around the urethra may cause ____ and urinary retention. Skin and mucosal lesions heal spontaneuously in 1-3 wks.

dysuria

23

Recurrence can be triggered by

Decrease in immune function
stress
trauma
UV radiation
Hormonal changes

24

Previous infection with HSV 1 reduce susceptibility to HSV 2. and transmission can occur during late phase but mainly during active phase True or False

True

25

What birthing method is recommended as a consequence of herpes simplex virus?

Cesarean section

26

antibodies in the serum indicates

recurrent or latent infection

27

Treatment of latent infection is effective. Ture or False

False

28

What is the most prevalent type of molluscum contagiosum?

MCV-1

29

Molluscum contagiosum is common in children between what ages?

2-12 years old

30

Molluscum contagiosum is most commonly located where?

Trunk
Arms
Legs

31

In adults, Molluscum contagiosum affect what parts of the body?

Genitals
Lower abdomen
Buttocks
Inner thighs

32

The average incubation period of Molluscum contagiosum is

6 weeks

33

Pathogenesis DX of Molluscum contagiosum is based on what appearance?

Pearly, dome-shaped papules with dimpled center
papules 1-5 mm in diameter, central waxy core and cells with cytoplasmic viral inclusions

34

Candida albicans is part of the normal flora of the vagina. True or False

True

35

Candidiasis is due to disturbance in microbial flora environment. True or False

True

36

What are some predisposing factors to Candidasis infection?

Diabetes mellitus
Antibiotics
Pregnancy
Compromised neutrophil and T-cell function

37

Signs and symptoms of candidiasis fungal infection

Vulvovaginal pruritus
Erythema
Swelling
Curd-like vaginal discharge
Mucosal ulcerations in severe infections

38

Candida albicans fungal infection is ___ considered a sexually transmitted disease.

Not

39

Trichomonas vaginalis is stransmitted how?

sexual contact

40

Trichomonas vaginalis symptoms include

•Yellow frothy vaginal discharge
•Vulvovaginal discomfort
•Dysuria
•Dyspareunia

41

what has a fiery-red and strawberry cervix appearance?

Trichomoniasis or Trichomonas Vaginalis

42

Bacterial vaginosis is called

Vaginitis

43

What present with, thin green-gray, malodorous (fishy) vaginal discharge. It also has squamous cells covered with coccobacilli on a pap smear.

Gardnerella Vaginalis

44

what type of vaginalis implicates a premature labor?

Gardenerella

45

What accounts for some cases of vaginitis and cervicitis and implicates Premature delivery or Chorioamnionitis?

Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis

46

Name the infection that begins in the vulva or vagina and spreads upwardsin the gential tract?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (DIP)

47

What pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms are involved in the female genital tract?

•Pelvic pain
•Adnexal tenderness
•Fever
•Vaginal discharge

48

What is the most common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease?

N. gonorrhoeae

49

What cause of pelvic inflammation induces an abortions?

Puerperal infections

50

What infection is spontaneous and usually mutimicrobial?

Puerperal

51

N. gonorrhoease and Chlamydia are causes of

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

52

What pathology of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) spreads upwards to involves the

Fallopian tubes and ovaries

53

What starts in the uterus and spread upwards through the lymphatics or venous channels?

Non-gonococcal infections

54

HSV-1 typically results in oropharyngeal infections and may cause genital infections. True or False

False
HSV-2 usually involves genital mucosa and skin and may cause oral infections.

55

Examination of the vaginal and cervical mucosa of a patient with trichomoniasis results in a characteristic appearance of

strawberry cervix