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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (20)
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Constitutionally, the president is quite powerful. However, many obstacles limit the power of the president. Which of the following is a significant limit on presidential power?

divided-party control of the national government


Which of the following accurately describes the way the United States House and Senate are organized?

There are 100 members in the Senate and 435 in the House.


Bills must be passed in identical form by both the Senate and the House before being sent to the president. Under what circumstances does this most frequently occur?

Two versions of the bill are run through the House and Senate simultaneously and a special House-Senate conference committee is established to create a compromise version of the bill.


What is required for the proposal of a new amendment?

Two-thirds of Congress must agree to propose, or two-thirds of all state legislatures can call a constitutional convention.


How many presidents have been impeached in the history of the United States?



What is the least common way to adapt the Constitution to modern needs?

Formal constitutional amendment


Presidents can be removed from office due to what?

high crimes and misdemeanors


Which of the following elected officials could have the most influence on the selection of a Supreme Court justice?

Members of the Senate would have the most influence.


Why are there eleven amendments discussed in reference to the Bill of Rights in unit 4?

The Twenty-seventh Amendment was proposed by Madison at the time the Bill of Rights was created.


Which of the following best describes the Supreme Court’s role in the legislative process?

The Supreme Court can declare legislation unconstitutional after it is passed.


A law is passed limiting the free speech rights of high school students. A group of teachers brings a case before the Supreme Court, challenging the law on the grounds that it violates the students First Amendment rights. What is the Supreme Court most likely to do in this case?

refuse to hear the case because the individuals bringing the case before it do not have standing or “injury in fact,” i.e., that they have been harmed in some real way.


What is the time limit on ratification of amendments?

seven years


What is the main purpose of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution?

create greater equality for African Americans


When do bills typically come to the floor for debate in the Senate?

when the majority and minority leaders agree to bring them to the floor


Which of the following presidents best fits the title lame duck?

Reagan, who served from 1981–1989.


What are the secretaries of federal government departments collectively called?



Which individual or organization has primary constitutional authority to establish and develop relations with other nations?

the president of the United States


Judge X has served on the Supreme Court for ten years and wants to continue service. Which of the following correctly describes this judge’s options for staying on the Supreme Court?

This judge can serve until death, unless impeached, or steps down.


Which of the following is true of bills in the legislative process?

They are harder to pass than to kill.


Which of the following is NOT part of the criteria for presidential eligibility?

having at least ten years of prior political experience