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You are a Supreme Court justice. A case before you challenges the constitutionality of affirmative action programs for African Americans. You believe the programs are constitutional and that they deserve "strict scrutiny." Which case would you use as a precedent to support your point of view?



Which case found that former slaves did not have the same legal rights as citizens?

Dred Scott v Sandford


The Supreme Court strives to protect freedom of speech and expression. As such, it is worried about creating “chilling effects”; The violation of which of the following is least likely to produce “chilling effects”

content neutrality


Which case required states to end segregation with “all due haste”?

Brown II


Which of the following best describes the establishment clause?

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.


Affirmative action is mainly for employment purposes.



Which case overturned the Court’s previous decision that separate institutions for blacks and whites can be “equal?”

Brown v. Board of Education


The case of President Clinton and his relationship with Monica Lewinsky is an example of immunity in regard to the Fifth Amendment rights.



The “strict scrutiny” standard invalidated certain affirmative action policies whose focus was not narrow enough.



Which of the following cases began the expansion of federal powers over state powers?

McCulloch v. Maryland


Using a hypothetical situation, a case comes before the Supreme Court challenging a state law of limiting how many children a married couple could have. How would a judge vote using a “loose interpretation” approach?

They would vote to overturn the ban.


The practice of paying teachers who teach secular subjects at private religious schools has been rejected by the Supreme Court as a violation of the Establishment Clause. It violates which of the following tenets of the Lemon test?

excessive government entanglement


There is a narcotics agent who regularly gets information from a reliable informant. The information the informant has given the agent in the past has led to several arrests and convictions. One day, the informant tells the agent about a man, whom the agent has never met, who has gone to another city to purchase 20 kilograms of cocaine. Based on the tip, the agent goes to the airport, recognizes the man from the informant’s description, arrests him, and seizes the cocaine. What is this action considered?

constitutional because there was “probable cause” to search the man


Which case required police officers to inform people of their right to an attorney when they are arrested?

Miranda v. Arizona


A state brings a case to the Supreme Court arguing the Federal Government has overstepped its constitutional bounds. Which of the following cases would describe this scenario?

McCulloch v. Maryland


Which of the following cases best shows where the Supreme Court ruled where public interest was threatened by an individual’s religious practice and the individual’s religious liberty was deemed less important than the preservation of societal order.

Reynolds v. United States, in which a Mormon argued that prohibiting polygamy violated free exercise rights


Affirmative action was intended by Lyndon Johnson to ensure that applicants are employed and treated without regard to race, creed, color, or nationality.



If a person was not read their “Miranda rights,” confessed to the police, and was eventually convicted of the crime based upon their confession, what part of due process would be violated?

protection against self-incrimination


You are a person who feels that the most important constitutional principles are the separation of powers and checks and balances. Which of the following cases would you most appreciate?

Marbury v. Madison