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Flashcards in Unit 5 SAFMEDS Deck (16)
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2 Variable attributes of antecedents

can be either outside or within the skin of the organism, can be social or non-social

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2 basic types of antecedents

Discriminative Stimuli (SD) and Motivating Operations (MOs)

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Unconditioned motivating operation

a motivating operation whose value-altering effect does not depend on a learning history

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Conditioned motivating operation

a motivating operation whose value-altering effect depends on learning history

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2 types of effects antecedents have on behavior

Evocative (evoke behavior) or Abative (abate behavior)

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Operant conditioning

the basic process by which operant learning occurs

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Evocative Effect

an increase in the momentary frequency of a response class now, under the current conditions

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Abative effect

a decrease in the momentary frequency of a response class now, under the current conditions

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Differential reinforcement

reinforcing only those responses within a response class that meet a specific criterion along some dimension(s) and placing all other responses int he class extinction

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Differentiation

when differential reinforcement consists of reinforcing some responses and not reinforcing other responses

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Discrimination

when differential reinforcement consists of reinforcing a response when certain stimuli are present and not reinforcing the same response when those stimuli are not present

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Stimulus Control (Discriminative Control)

the tendency of behavior to occur more frequently in the presence of a particular stimulus because the behavior has been reinforced only or mostly in the presence of that stimulus

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Discriminated Operant

an operant class that is established through the process of differential reinforcement with respect to the presence or absence of antecedent stimuli

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Discriminative stimulus (SD)

an antecedent stimulus that evokes or abates a specific behavior, due to a past history of differential availability of reinforcement or punishment for that behavior, dependent on their presence versus their absence

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Conditional Discrimination

a discrimination in which reinforcing a response is contingent (conditional) on another stimulus

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Stimulus Generalization

the tendency of a learned response to occur in the presence of a stimuli which were not present during training but either have some similar physical properties to the SD or have been associated with the SD