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Flashcards in Unit 8 SAFMEDS Deck (28)
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1

Traditional Views of Language

focus on the structure of language

2

Skinnerian View of Language

focus on the function of language

3

Verbal behavior

operant behavior reinforced through the mediation of other persons

4

Forms of Verbal Behavior

speaking, signing, pointing, writing, gesturing, touching

5

Speaker

the individual emitting the verbal response

6

Listener

the individual the speaker interacts with

7

role of the listener

usually provides the antecedents and consequences for the speaker's verbal behavior

8

audience

composed of listeners who belong to a trained verbal community

9

cultural selection

the type of selection involved in the evolution of verbal behavior

10

elementary verbal operants

tact, mand, duplic, codic, intraverbal

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tact

naming, labeling, describing
under the antecedent control of a non-verbal stimulus

12

mand

requesting, asking, commanding
under the antecedent control of an establishing operation (EO)

13

duplic

under the antecedent control of verbal stimuli with point-to-point correspondence and with formal similarity to the response

14

types of duplics

echoics, copying a text, mimetics

15

echoic

the repeating of a vocal verbal unit
(repeating, vocal imitation)

16

copying a text

has point-to-point correspondence and formal similarity to the written verbal stimulus

17

mimetic

the imitation of a physical movement that is also a non-vocal verbal unit
(motor imitation)

18

codic

under the antecedent control of verbal stimuli with point-to-point correspondence but without formal similarity

19

types of codics

textual, taking dictation, finger spelling words heard, saying words seen finger spelled

20

intraverbal

under the antecedent control of verbal stimuli without point-to-point correspondence and with no formal similarity

21

multiple control

when the strength of a single response is a function of more than one variable

22

receptive language

under the antecedent control of a mand to comply

23

selection-based verbal behavior

the speaker selects a stimulus in the environment by pointing or finding a picture and handing it to the listener

24

topography-based verbal behavior

the listener discriminates what the speaker is "saying" based on the topography of the verbal behavior

25

higher-order class

an operant class that includes within it other classes that can themselves function as operants

26

rule-governed behavior

a higher-order operant response class that is under the control of verbal antecedent stimuli (known as rules)

27

function-altering effects of rules

alter the evocative or abative effect of other antecedent stimuli

28

contingency-shaped behavior

behavior acquired via immediate reinforcement contingencies