Unit 6: Module 8 Flashcards Preview

Fundamentals for Success in Business - D072 > Unit 6: Module 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 6: Module 8 Deck (57)
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1

Define leadership.

Someone that is influential within in a group of people.

2

How do leaders gain power?

A leader's power is given (gained, or earned) by the followers that respect them for their knowledge and appeal.

3

Define manager

An individual assigned a position to oversee a group or project

4

How do managers gain power?

They are assigned or appointed.

5

How can individuals exhibit leadership?

By mentoring others, keeping a positive attitude and encouraging others to do better.

Examples: Coaches. teachers, political/religious leaders.

What these leaders all have in common is that they set direction and inspire others to accomplish amazing things.

6

Define locus of control.

The degree to which a person believes that they have control over their lives.

7

Define internal locus of control.

People who believe that they control what happens in their lives.

8

Define external locus of control.

People who believe that outisde factors controld their lives.

9

What are the 7 core traits of successful leaders according to Edwin Lockert? (ICE HOP)

Intelligence
Conscientiousness
Extraversion
High self-esteem
Openness
Personality

10

What traits of successful leaders have other studies shown?

Consideration and Initiating

11

Identify two types of leader behaviors.

"Job Centered
Employee/member centered"

12

Define job-centered behaviors and provide an example.

These are supervisory functions like planning, scheduling and providing resources. This type of behaviour is focused on performance.

13

Define employee-member centered behaviors and provide an example.

Focuses on supporting the employees often by making cohesive work environments.

14

What are the five leadership styles identified in the Blake Mouton Leadership Grid? (ASSIC)

Accomodating
Sound
Status Quo
Indifferent
Controlling

15

According to Blake & Mouton, what determines which leadership style a manager should use?

The focus and level of concern for people versus the concern for production

16

What does a status quo management style indicate according to the Blake & Mouton leadership grid?

Balance and Compromise.
Endorses results that are popular without taking unneccesary risks.

17

What does an indifferent management style indicate according to Blake & Mouton's leadership grid?

Evade and Elude.
Distance themselves from taking active responibility to keep a distance from any entanglements with problems.

18

What does a controlling management style indicate according to Blake & Mouton's leadership grid?

Direct & Dictate
An aggressive management style that dicates the course of actions and enforces all rules to prevent deviation

19

What does an accommodating management style indicate according to Blake & Mouton's leadership grid?

Yield and Compromise.
Conscientious position, focued on maintaining aharmonious work environment.

20

What does a sound management style indicate according to Blake & Mouton's leadership grid?

Contribute and Commit.
Assertive, promotes team cooridination and explores all ideas.

21

Why is integrity an important quality for leaders?

Because the values of the leader are often directly translated into the values of the organization.It provides stability, safety and guidance for employees

22

Define power.

The ability to influence the behavior of others to get what you want.

23

Define influence tactics.

the way individuals attempt to influence one another in organizations. Ways in which a person can gain influence over others.

24

Define rational persuasion.

The use of facts, data and ratiinal arguments to persuade others

25

Define inspirational appeals.

Appealing to the values, emotions, and beliefs of others to gain support.

26

Where does legitimate power come from?

Power that comes from one's organizational role or position. This power is usually given by election, appointment, or hiring, and followers widely recognize this power. For example, the CEO determines the overall direction of the company.

27

What is reward power?

The ability to grant a reward to an employee in exchange for job performance.

28

Provide an example of coercive power.

Firing an employee for non-performance or failing to meet a goal

29

How is reward power different than coercive power?

Reward power gives something 'additional' for a meeting goals (positive reinforcement
Coersive power takes something away for not meeting expectations (negative reinforcement)

30

Define expert power.

Power given to someone with knowledge or experience