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Flashcards in Untitled spreadsheet - peds Deck (63):
1

ddx of poor vision with normal exam

LCA, achromatopsia, csnb, albinism, optic nerve hypoplasia, CVI

2

AL in kids

17mm

3

cornea in kids

9.5-10.5

4

associations with nanophthalmos

hyperopopia, choroidal effusion

5

location of dermoid

supertemporal quadrant near brow nea rsuture, filled with keratin

6

lethal association with capillary hemangioma

kassabach-Merrit syndrome: consumptaite coagulaopathy, high output CHF

7

poptosis increasing with crying

varix

8

albright's syndrome

fibrous dysplasia, short stature, diplopia, decreased vision

9

tumors of fibrous connective tissue, cartilage, and bone

fibrous dysplasia, short stature, diplopia, decreased vision

10

most common form of rhabdo

embryonal

11

most lethal rhabdo

alveolar

12

best prognosis

pleomorphic

13

lytic lesion of orbital roof causing progressive proptosis

histiocytosis x

14

benign local solitary bone lesion superiortemporal bony orbit

eosinophilic grnuloma

15

proptosis, lytic skull defects, DI

Hand schuller christian disease

16

multisystem histiocytosis x

Lettere-siwe disease

17

burkitt's lymphoma

ffects maxilla in black children, related to eBV

18

increased interpupillary distance due to increased sitance between medial orbital walls

hypertelorism

19

lateral displacement of inner canthi,c onfluent eybrows, sensineural deafness, white forelock.

Waardenburg's syndrome

20

RD, congenital galucoma, cataracts, high myopia

Pierre Robin sequence

21

partial or complete fusion of lip margins

ankloblepharon

22

absent lid crease, ptosis telecanthus, epicanthus inversis, ectropion

blepharophimosis

23

different types of epicanthus (medial canthal verticsl skin folds)

TIPS (tarsalis- upper, inversus lower, palpebral U=L, supracilus above the cilia).

24

euryblepharon

horizontal idening of palpebral fissure

25

definition of telcanthus

widened intercanthal distance due to long medial canthal tendons

26

associations of telcanthus

fetal alcohol, Waardenburg's blepahrophimosis.

27

where does dacryocystocele present

inferior and nasal to medial canthus.

28

bilateral pseudomembraneou conjuncitivitis in kids

ligneus conjuncitivitis

29

two forms of CHED

AR: nystagmus, at birth, AD: later, pain tearing no nystagmus

30

autonomic dysfunction to block of NE production

decreased corneal sensation, emotional lability

31

external findings of syphilis

hutchinson's teeth, mulberry molars, saber shins, frontal bossing, saddle nose

32

aniridia, mr and ataxia

guillespie's syndrome

33

where are iris colobomas

inferonasal

34

ddx of microspherophakia

weill marchesani, alport, rubella, marfan, lowe's peters.rx. Cycloplegia

35

iris mass tumor arising from nonpigmented epithelium

medulloepitheliuoma, can have teratoid eleemnts

36

syndrome with anterior lenticonus

Alport's (hereditaroy nephritis, deafness)

37

pathology of posterior migration of lens epithelium

posterior polar cataracts

38

oil droplet cataract

glactosemia (AR)

39

defect in galactosemia

galactokinase UDP galactose

40

rx for galactosemia:

elminate lactose, also have MR, hepatomegaly, jaundaice

41

cornea verticillata, spoke like cataract

Fabry's disease

42

defect in Fabry's

alpha galactosidase A

43

findings in Fabry's

angiokeratomas, CV events

44

inheritance of Lowe's

X linked

45

findings in Lowe's

bilateral cataracts, renal tubular acidosis, MR, glaucoma

46

anterior lenticonus, deafness and hemorrhagic neophropathy and renal failure

Alport's

47

syndrome with glaucoma and cataract

Hallermann-Strieff syndrome : hypoplasia of mandible with birdlike faces, microphakia, microconia

48

Workup for bilateral congenital cataracts

UA ( amino acids: Lowe's, galactosemia), blood tests: calcium TORCH, hypoglycemia, Karotyping, audiograms: congenital rubella, Alport's.

49

ddx of congenietl cataractws and glaucoma

Lowe's, Hallermann-Strieff, rubella

50

findings of congeneital rubella

cardiac efets, deafnesss, MR.

51

complication of pedi cataract surgery

aphakic glaucoma (15%).

52

define monofixation syndrome

central facultative scotoma, peripheral fusion.

53

treacher collins is hypoplasia of what structure?

first and 2nd brachial arches

54

difference between apert's and crouzon's

syndactyly of hands, cleft palate, and facial deformaties in Apert.

55

origin of inferior oblique

floor or orbit.

56

what immune problems with ATM

low levels of Iga

57

eye findings in ATM

supranuclear palsies and telangiectasias.

58

ocular associations with aniridia

glaucoma, congenital nystagmus, lenticular, pannus, foveal hypoplasia

59

what is miller's syndrome

aniridia, wilm's tumor, deletion of short arm of 11

60

features of lowe's syndrome

cataract glaucoma, aminoaciduria, microphakia

61

features of alport's

anterior lenticonus, cataract, albipunctatus like retinal lesions

62

rx for neonatal chlamydial infection

oral erythomycin, and oral tetra or erytho for parents.

63

what refractive erros associated with CSNB and LCA

LCA: hyperopia, X linked: myopia