Upper Quarter 2 Flashcards Preview

Kinesiology > Upper Quarter 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Upper Quarter 2 Deck (43)
Loading flashcards...
0

What are the joints of the shoulder?

Sternoclavicular joint
Acromioclavicular joint
Glenohumeral joint
Scapulothoracic joint

1

What are the osseous structures of the scapula?

Acromion process
Coracoid process
Spine of scapula
Smooth triangular space
Medial border
Lateral border
Inferior angle
Superior angle

2

What are the osseous structures of the proximal humerus?

Greater tuberosity
Intertubercular grove or bicipital groove
Lesser tuberosity

3

What are the ligaments of the sternoclavicular joint?

Anterior/posterior sternoclavicular ligaments
Costoclavicular ligament
Interclavicular ligament

4

What does the anterior/posterior sternoclavicular ligaments and interclavicular ligament do?

Stabilizes the joint and holds things together

5

What does the costoclavicular ligament do?

Responsible for halting the elevation of the clavicle

6

What are the ligaments of the acromioclavicular joint?

Superior/inferior acromioclavicular ligaments
Coracoclavicular ligament (trapezoid and conoid ligament)

7

What does the coracoclavicular ligament do?

Acts as a pivot point for the scapula

8

What are the ligaments of the glenohumeral joint?

Glenoid labrum
Joint capsule
Superior/middle/inferior glenohumeral ligaments
Coracohumeral ligament
Coracoarcromial ligament

9

What does the coracoacromial ligament do?

Creates hood over humerus

10

What do the glenoid labrum, joint capsule, sup/mid/inf glenohumeral ligaments, and coracohumeral ligaments do?

Thickens the joint

11

What are the prime scapular elevators of the scapulothoracic joint?

Upper trapezius
Levator scapulae
Rhomboid major
Rhomboid minor

12

What are the prime scapular depressors of the scapulothoracic joint?

Serrated anterior
Pectoralis major
Pectoralis minor
Latissimus dorsi
Lower trapezius

13

What does the scapular depressors do?

Prevents the scapula from winging up

14

How do you strengthen the serratus anterior?

Big hugs with theraband

15

How do you strengthen the lower trapezius?

Supermans

16

What are the scapular protractors of the scapulothoracic joint?

Serratus anterior
Pectoralis major
Pectoralis minor
Latissimus dorsi

17

What are the prime scapular retractors of the scapulothoracic joint?

Trapezius
Rhomboid major
Rhomboid minor

18

What are the prime scapular upward rotators of the scapulothoracic joint?

Upper and lower trapezius
Serratus anterior

19

What are the prime scapular downward rotators of the scapulothoracic joint?

Levator scapulae
Rhomboid major
Rhomboid minor
Petoralis minor

20

What are the prime glenohumeral flexors?

Anterior deltoid
Pectoralis major
Coracobrachialis

21

What are the prime glenohumeral internal rotators?

Pectoralis major
Anterior deltoid
Latissimus dorsi
Teres major
Subscapularis

22

What are the glenohumeral extensors?

Posterior deltoid
Teres major
Teres minor
Latissimus dorsi
Pectoralis major
Long head of triceps

23

What are the glenohumeral external rotators?

Infraspinatus
Posterior deltoid
Teres minor

48

What are the glenohumeral abductors?

Deltoid
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus

49

What are the glenohumeral horizontal adductors?

Pectoralis major
Anterior deltoid

50

What are the glenohumeral adductors?

Pectoralis major
Latissimus dorsi
Teres major
Subscapularis

51

What are the horizontal abductors?

Posterior deltoid
Teres major
Teres minor
Infraspinatus

52

What is the classification of the sternoclavicular joint?

Triaxial plane joint

53

What are the motions of the sternoclavicular joint?

Elevation/ depression (frontal plane, A-P axis)
Protraction/retraction (transverse plane, vertical axis)
Anterior/posterior rotation (Sagittal plane, M/L axis)