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Flashcards in Lower Quarter 2 Deck (47)
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1

What are the anatomic osseous structures of the foot and ankle?

Talus
calcaneus (sustenaculum tali)
navicular (tuberosity)
cuboid
cuniforms (medial, intermediate, lateral)
metatarsals (base of fifth)
phalanges (proximal, middle, distal)

2

What are included in the lateral collateral ligament of the foot?

anterior talofibular ligament
posterior talofibular ligament
calcaneofibular ligament

3

What is included in the medial collateral ligament of the foot?

Deltoid ligament

4

What makes up the deltoid ligament of the foot?

tibionavicular fibers
tibiocalcaneal fibers
tibitalar fibers

5

What is considered the spring ligament?

plantar clacaneonavicular

6

What is considered the short plantar ligament?

plantar calcaneocuboid

7

Where does the long plantar ligament attach to?

calcaneous to cuneiforms/cuboid

8

Where does the plantar fascia attach to?

calcaneous to proximal phalanges

9

What are the functional segments of the foot?

rearfoot
midfoot
forefoot

10

What are the functional joints of the foot?

talocrural
subtalar
transverse tarsal

11

What motions are triplanar motions?

pronation (abduction, eversion, dorsiflexion)
supination (adduction, inversion, plantarflexion)

12

What is the classification of the talocrural joint?

Hinge joint

13

What are the motions and degrees of freedom of the talocrural joint?

plantarflexion
dorsiflexion
1 degree of freedom

14

What plane and axis does the talacrural joint move in?

sagittal plane
coronal axis

15

What is the closed-pack position of the talocrural joint?

Full dorsiflexion

16

What is the classification of the subtalar joint?

composite (uniaxial joint allowing triplanar motion)

17

What are the motions and degrees of freedom of the subtalar joint?

supination
pronation
3 degrees of freedom

18

what is the axis of the subtalar joint?

oblique axis

19

What is the closed packed position of the subtalar joint?

Supination

20

What is the classification of the transverse tarsal joint?

compound joint (talonavicular, calcaneocuboid)

21

What are the motions and degrees of freedom of the transverse tarsal joint?

supination (talonavicular-inversion, calcaneocuboid-adduction, plantarflexion)
pronation(TN-eversion, CC-abduction, dorsiflexion)
three degrees of freedom

22

What is the axis of the transverse tarsal joint?

longitudinal (TN)
Oblique (CC)

23

What is the close-packed position of the transverse tarsal joint?

supination

24

What is the classification of the tarsometatarsal joint?

plane joints

25

What are the motions of the tarsometatarsal joint?

dorsiflexion (with slight inversion)
plantarflexion (with slight eversion)

26

What is the plane and axis of the tarsometatarsal joint?

oblique plane
oblique axis

27

What is the closed packed position of the tarsometatarsal joint?

none identified

28

What are the rays of the foot?

A functional unit formed by a metatarsal and its associated cuneiforms.

29

Where do the rays articulate?

Rays 1-3 are associated with the cuneiforms as they articulate on the navicular
rays 4-5 only articulate with the cuboid

30

what is the classification of the metatarsophalangeal joint?

condyloid joint