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Flashcards in Urinary system Deck (15):
1

What does the urinary system regulate?

blood volume, pH, and blood pressure

2

What are the parts of the kidneys?

Renal capsule, adipose capsule, renal fascia

3

Renal hilum?

ureter, blood and lymph vessels

4

what is the functional unit of the kidneys?

nephron

5

What are the functions of the nephron?

filtration, tubular secretion, and tubular reabsorption

6

renal corpuscle is made up of what 2 parts?

bowmans capsule and glomerulus

7

Bowman's capsule?

outer membrane-simple squamous epithelium, same for inner membrane.

8

Podocytes?

cells in the bowman's capsule

9

pedicels?

projections from the bowman's capsule

10

Filtration membranes 3 parts?

1. fenestrated membrane keeps out cells
2. basement membrane keeps out large proteins
3. slit membrane keeps out medium proteins

11

Juxtaglomerular apparatus?

helps regulate arterial blood pressure and rate of filtration. Secretes renin when blood pressure is low.

12

Golmerluar filtration rate?

125 ml/min

13

Renal threshold?

when plasma concentration exceeds the transport max

14

micturition?

urinations

15

blood urea nitrogen?

creatinine is the end product of metabolism