URTI Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology (5th year) > URTI > Flashcards

Flashcards in URTI Deck (10):
1

Indicators of strep throat

- temp >38
- tender anterior cervical nodes
- tonsillar exudates
- age 3-15

2

Points against strep throat

- rhinorrhoea
- rash
- cough
- age >45

3

Treatment options for strep throat

10 day treatment
- Penicillin V 500mg BD or
- erythromycine or
- clarithromycin

3 day treatment
- azithromycin

Single dose
- Benzathine penicillin

4

Clinical indicators of EBV tonsillitits

- posterior nodes
- palatal peteichiae

5

Most common orgnaism causing acute maxillary sinusitis

Strep pneumoniae

6

Diagnosis of acute bacterial sinusitis

- biphasic illness (>7 days)
- facial tenderness
- maxillary tooth tenderness
- purulent discharge

7

General treatment principle of sinusitis

Antibiotics should not be prescribed for mild to moderate sinusitis within the first week of illness

8

Treatment of acute sinusitis

Amoxicillin high dose for 5 days
- if pen allergy:
macrolides in children
moxiflox in adults

9

Offending organism in otitis media

Strep pneumoniae

10

Treatment for AOM

- amoxil (40-90mg/kg.day)
for 5 days