Valve Disorder Manifestation (Chart) Flashcards Preview

Alterations Resulting in Decreased Cardiac Output > Valve Disorder Manifestation (Chart) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Valve Disorder Manifestation (Chart) Deck (17)
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1
Q

Learning Point of Valve Disorder Manifestation (Remember: If it cannot go forward, it must go back)

A

When trying to understand the manifestations associated with the various types of valvular disorders, keep the blood flow through the heart in mind.

2
Q

The valve involved will impact the blood flow at the valve’s location. Which are the valves?

A

mitral, aortic, tricuspid, or pulmonary

3
Q

The nature of the alteration is?

A

Stenosis regurgitation (will determine the nature of that impact)

4
Q

Valvular disorders in the left side of the heart?

A

mitral and aortic

5
Q

Valvular disorders on the right side of the heart?

A

tricuspid and pulmonary

6
Q

With valvular disorder, what side of the heart will impact cardiac output more?

A

Left-side of the heart

7
Q

Left-side valvular disorders will result in?

A

blood backing up into the lungs

8
Q

Blood backing up in the lungs?

A

Can eventually cause right-side valve disorders and blood back up into the right side of the heart

9
Q

The manifestations of left-side valvular disorders start with symptoms of?

A

decreased cardiac output

10
Q

What are the symptoms of decreased cardiac output?

A

angina fatigue activity intolerance tachycardia cyanosis syncope

11
Q

As the blood backs up in the lungs and impacts the right side of the heart (during left-sided), the manifestations progress to what type of symptoms?

A

Respiratory symptoms

12
Q

When the right side of the heart is impacted as the blood backs up in the lungs (what symptoms will you see when the right side of the heart is impacted?

A

dyspnea paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea orthopnea

13
Q

Right-side valvular disorders cause blood to back up into?

A

systemic circulation

14
Q

The Manifestations reflect Right side back up as (systemic circulation)?

A
  • pressures rise in the systemic circulation - increasing pressure cause fluid to shift out of the vascular space
15
Q

Right side backup signs and symptoms?

A

edema weight gain jugular vein distention ascites splenomegaly hepatomegaly

16
Q

The degree to which the backup of blood occurs with any valvular disorder reflects the severity of ?

A

stenosis and regurgitation

17
Q

With both alterations (stenosis and regurgitation), what happens to the chamber that is pumping blood through the valve in an attempt to compensate?

A

That chamber: Hypertrophies