Versailles effects Flashcards

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1
Q

What is the debate about the effects of the ToV?

A

Burleigh believes Versailles was a stick used to beat the weimar by left and right wing extremists
Evans believes there was other reasons for Weimar’s problems

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2
Q

What was the most significant effect of the treaty/ did the treaty have a real impact on Germany?

A

Military and territorial was least significant, economic and political effects were significant
Economic most important

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3
Q

What did the Rhineland occupation lead to?

A

The Ruhrkamph, a government supported strike in the Ruhr.

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4
Q

How long did military terms last?

A

Inter-allied commission left 1926
Troops started secretly training in USSR from 1925
Allies left in 1930, 5 years before they were supposed to

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5
Q

When was Germany accepted into the LoN?

A

1926, given great power status, given the power to veto

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6
Q

What did Marks believe about Germany?

A

It became the pre-eminient member of the European family

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7
Q

What did the bitterness at losing land lead to?

A

Locarno, refusing to give up Eastern borders, then eventually WW2 (might not have happened if political effects were not too bad)

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8
Q

Why did people turn to extremist parties after Versailles

A

Weimar was born into hatred
Stab-in-the-back-myth
NSDAP offered people an authoritarian government who would regain control

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9
Q

How did NSDAP do in the 1920 election?

A

Gained 7% of the vote in 1920

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10
Q

What did NSDAP’s manifesto say about the ToV?

A

Article 2- ‘we demand the abolition of the ToV’

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11
Q

What did Henig believe about the political effects?

A

Versailles was a major factor in RW recovery

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12
Q

What else caused political instability?

A

Proportional representation caused weak coalitions that could not agree and did not have the support of the public
Ebert’s use of the Friekorps divided the left

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13
Q

What was wrong with having a spending deficit?

A
The Gove decided to get more money they would print more- 1800 printers working in 1923
Caused hyperinflation which led to many middle class people becoming poor
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14
Q

What did Snyder say?

A

Hyperinflation was the scar that never healed

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15
Q

What did ToV get Germany involved with?

A

The Dawes plan, which gave Germany a loan and helped the economic plan
However, also got involved in the young plan, which meant in the depression Germany was effected disproportionally compared to other countries

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16
Q

What did Peukert believe?

A

Young made Germany too reliant on US market fluctuations

17
Q

What did the young plan cause?

A

Hitler’s rise in popularity, he worked on the anti-young campaign and also the depression made people turn extremist.

18
Q

What is the background on German democracy before the ToV?

A

Ludendorff offensive, OHL bankruptcy
A new socialist gov was set up by Ebert- November criminals, also angered public by using Freikorps
ToV, signed by Müller- key terms

19
Q

What was the debate on whether the treaty influenced German democracy?

A

Burleigh- Versailles was a stick used to beat the weimar by left and right wing extremists
McElligott believed it didn’t effect the parliamentary system too much

20
Q

Did the treaty influence German democracy?

A

Yes it did, however other factors also influenced it that were not ToV

21
Q

What happened to moderate parties?

A

There was a split from moderate parties
In 1924 only 52% of people voted for moderate parties
This caused coalitions with a wide range of views which were not successful

22
Q

What did Hyperinflation cause?

A

Caused many people to associate the republic with failure and vote for anti-weimar parties

23
Q

Were the actual terms of the treaty important in destroying democracy?

A

No as by the time Hitler took power a lot of the terms had been reversed, eg LoN and interallied military commission
Only term that caused major problems was reparations

24
Q

How did the constitution effect democracy?

A

Proportioanl represtation

Article 48 gave the president potentially dictatorial powers by allowing him to make emergency laws

25
Q

What does McElligott believe?

A

During Weimar, the parliamentary system was stable

26
Q

What else contributed to the demise of democracy?

A

The inability of the left to work together, after Ebert used the Friekorps
Many believed Ebert had betrayed the socialist revolution with the Ebert-Groener pact, couldn’t fully support the republic.

27
Q

What did Evans believe about ToV?

A

It was only one factor in the demise of Weimar