VII Flashcards Preview

2nd Latin Vocabulary > VII > Flashcards

Flashcards in VII Deck (412)
1

abnuo -ere -nui -nuitum (or -nutum)

refuse

2

absisto -ere -stiti

withdraw, leave off

3

acetum -i n.

vinegar

4

adduco -ere -duxi -ductum

persuade, induce

5

adnuo -ere -nui -nutum

assent, approve, promise

6

aeneus or aenus -a -um

made of bronze

7

aereus -a -um

made of bronze

8

~erius -a -um

of the air, airy

9

aestivus -a -um

of summer

10

aestiva -orum n.pl.

summer quarters

11

affinis -is -e

adjacent, related by marriage

12

allicio -licere -lexi -lectum

entice, allure

13

almus -a -um

nourishing, bountiful

14

alumnus -a

foster-child, pupil

15

ango -ere

throttle, distress, torment

16

angor -oris m.

anguish, distress

17

aquilo -onis m.

north(-east) wind

18

arbiter -tri m.

judge, umpire, director

19

arbitrium -i n.

judgment, opinion, authority

20

argumentum -i n.

evidence, proof, theme, plot

21

armus -i m.

shoulder, fore-quarter

22

artus -a -um

close, tight, narrow

23

attineo -ere -tinui -tentum

concern, pertain to

24

auriga -ae m.

charioteer

25

auspex -icis m.

augur, prophet, commander

26

auspicium -i n.

omen derived from birds, command

27

auspicor -ari -atus

take the auspicia, make a good

28

aversus -a -um

backwards, behind, unfavourable

29

avunculus -i m.

uncle (maternal)

30

baculum -i n.

stick

31

ballista -ae f.

catapult

32

basium -i n.

kiss

33

bestia -ae f.

beast

34

bini -ae -a

a pair, two each

35

Boreas -ae m.

north wind

36

caducus -a -um

falling, fallen, fleeting, transitory

37

caesaries -ei f.

hair

38

calamus -i m.

reed, pen, pipe

39

caleo -ere -ui

be hot

40

calleo -ere

be skilful, versed in, have knowledge of

41

calumnia -ae f.

false statement or accusation

42

calx calcis f.

heel

43

cauda -ae f.

tail

44

cera -ae f.

wax, writing-tablet

45

cicatrix -icis f.

scar

46

citus -a -um

quick

47

claustra -orum n.pl.

bar, bolt, lock, barrier

48

clavus -i m.

nail, rudder, purple stripe on tunica

49

clivus -i m.

slope

50

columba -ae f.

dove, pigeon

51

comis -is -e

kind, courteous, friendly

52

comitas -atis f.

kindness, courtesy, affability

53

comoedia -ae f.

comedy

54

congredior -gredi -gressus

meet, engage in battle

55

congruo -ere -ui

agree, be consistent with

56

consulto (adv.)

on purpose

57

conviva -ae m.

dinner-companion, guest

58

convivium -i n.

dinner-party, banquet

59

coquo -ere coxi coctum

cook

60

coquus -i m.

cook

61

corona -ae f.

garland, wreath, crowd of men

62

crepo -are -ui -itum

rattle, creak, make a noise

63

crux crucis f.

cross

64

culina -ae f.

kitchen

65

culmen -inis n.

top, summit, roof

66

cultus -us m.

cultivation, care, culture, civilisation

67

declino (1)

deflect, deviate

68

defero -ferre -tuli -latum

carry off, confer, report, inform against

69

dego -ere degi

spend, pass

70

dehinc

henceforth, next

71

deinceps

one after another, in turn

72

delictum -i n.

fault, offence

73

delinquo -ere -liqui -lictum

do wrong, offend

74

depingo -ere -pinxi -pictum

portray, describe

75

destino (1)

intend, destine, appoint

76

devenio -ire -veni -ventum

reach, arrive at

77

dico (1)

dedicate, devote

78

dictito (1)

declare, say often

79

differo -ferre distuli dilatum

scatter, publish, put off, differ

80

discumbo -ere -cubui -cubitum

take places at table

81

-cursum

run to and fro, dash about

82

discutio -cutere -cussi -cussum

shatter, disperse

83

disiungo -ere -iunxi -iunctum

separate

84

disputo (1)

examine, discuss

85

diurnus -a -um

by day, daily

86

diuturnus -a -um

lasting a long time

87

doctrina -ae f.

instruction, science, learning

88

dorsum -i n.

back

89

dudum (usually iamdudum)

a long time ago

90

ebrius -a -um

drunk

91

edico -ere -dixi -dictum

proclaim, announce

92

egenus -a -um

in need of, lacking

93

egestas -atis f.

poverty, want

94

elicio -licere -licui -licitum

entice, draw out

95

emereo -ere -ui -itum (and passive)

earn, deserve, complete term of service

96

essedum -i n.

war-chariot

97

Eurus -i m.

south-east wind

98

excidium -i n.

destruction

99

excutio -cutere -cussi -cussum

shake out, knock out, shake off,

100

exedo -esse -edi -esum

consume, eat away

101

exigo -ere -egi -actum

drive out, exact, complete

102

eximo -ere -emi -emptum

remove, release

103

exitus -us m.

outlet, end, result

104

exprimo -ere -pressi -pressum

model, portray, translate

105

exta -orum n.pl.

inwards, entrails

106

exuviae -arum f.pl.

spoils

107

facetiae -arum f.pl.

wit, humour

108

facetus -a -um

witty, elegant

109

factio -onis f.

political party

110

familiaris -is -e

of the household, friendly,

111

fanum -i n.

temple

112

fasti -orum m.pl.

calendar, annals

113

fax facis f.

torch, firebrand

114

fetus -a -um

teeming with (+ abl.), fruitful

115

fetus -us m.

offspring, fruit

116

fictus -a -um

false, feigned

117

filum -i n.

thread

118

flagellum -i n.

whip

119

flagitium -i n.

disgrace, scandal

120

focus -i m.

hearth

121

foras

outside, abroad

122

fragor -oris m.

crash, din

123

frenum -i n. (pl. frena or freni)

bridle, restraint (usually pl.)

124

frigeo -ere

be cold, be lifeless, fall flat

125

fulgeo -ere fulsi

flash, shine

126

fulgor -oris m.

glitter, splendour

127

fulgur -uris n.

lightning

128

funditus (adv.)

from the very bottom, utterly

129

furtim

stealthily, secretly

130

gemellus -a -um

twin, double

131

gemino (1)

double

132

geminus -a -um

twin, double

133

gener -eri m.

son-in-law

134

genetrix -icis f.

mother

135

genitor -oris m.

father

136

germanus -a -um

brother, sister, genuine

137

glomero (1)

gather in a mass

138

gnarus -a -um

acquainted with, skilful, expert

139

gurges -itis m.

abyss, whirlpool, sea

140

gusto (1)

taste

141

haedus -i m.

kid

142

hedera -ae f.

ivy

143

iactura -ae f.

loss, sacrifice

144

idcirco

for that reason

145

identidem

repeatedly

146

ideo

for that reason

147

ignominia -ae f.

dishonour, disgrace

148

illicio -licere -lexi -lectum

entice, seduce

149

imbecillus -a -um

weak

150

imbellis -is -e

unwarlike, peaceful, cowardly

151

imbuo -ere -ui -utum

soak, steep, stain, educate

152

immunis -is -e

free from, devoid of, untaxed

153

imprimis (adv.)

especially

154

indignor -ari -atus

think improper, be angry

155

indoles -is f.

character, talent

156

indulgeo -ere -dulsi -dultum (+ dat.)

be kind to, yield to

157

infandus -a -um

unspeakable, monstrous

158

infectus -a -um

not done, not accomplished

159

re infecta

without accomplishing anything

160

innoxius -a -um

harmless, innocent

161

inops (gen. inopis)

poor, in need of (+ gen.)

162

insector -ari -atus

pursue, attack

163

insequor -sequi -secutus

come next, pursue, attack

164

insolens (gen. -entis)

unaccustomed, unusual, excessive,

165

intermitto -ere -misi -missum

leave an interval, interrupt, discontinue

166

interpello (1)

interrupt, interfere with

167

intervenio -ire -veni -ventum

happen, interrupt, come in the

168

invius -a -um

pathless, impassable

169

irritus -a -um

useless, vain

170

iugulum -i n.

throat

171

labefacio -facere -feci -factum

make to totter, shake, weaken

172

labefacto (1)

make to totter, weaken, overthrow

173

lambo -ere lambi lambitum

lick, flow by, wash

174

langueo -ere

be faint, weary, listless

175

lanio (1)

tear to pieces, lacerate

176

largior -iri -itus

give freely, lavish

177

latro (1)

bark

178

laurus -i f.

bay-tree, laurel

179

laxo (1)

undo, slacken, release

180

laxus -a -um

loose, slack

181

lenio -ire -ivi -itum

mitigate, assuage, pacify

182

lepidus -a -um

pleasant, charming, smart

183

lepus -oris m.

hare

184

libo (1)

taste, sip, make offering or libation

185

libra -ae f.

pair of scales

186

licentia -ae f.

freedom, lawlessness, licence

187

linea -ae f.

line

188

linter -tris f.

boat

189

luctor -ari -atus

wrestle, struggle

190

lustro (1)

purify, traverse, survey

191

lustrum -i n.

purificatory sacrifice, period of five years

192

lutum -i n.

mud

193

luxus -us m.

extravagance, excess

194

macto (1)

sacrifice, afflict with

195

madeo -ere -ui

be wet

196

madidus -a -um

wet, drenched

197

maleficium -i n.

wrongdoing, harm

198

mancus -a -um

maimed, crippled

199

mano (1)

trickle, flow, spread

200

matutinus -a -um

in the morning

201

metior -iri mensus

measure, traverse

202

mico -are micui

flicker, quiver, flash

203

minores -um m.pl.

posterity

204

molestus -a -um

troublesome, annoying

205

mollio -ire -ivi -itum

soften, moderate

206

mollitia -ae f. and mollities -ei f.

softness, weakness

207

mulceo -ere mulsi mulsum

stroke, soothe, caress, flatter

208

munimentum -i n.

defence, protection

209

nares -ium f.pl.

nose, nostrils

210

naufragium -i n.

shipwreck

211

necessarii -orum m.pl.

relatives, friends

212

necessitudo -inis f.

necessity, relationship, friendship

213

necto -ere nexui (or nexi) nexum

fasten together

214

nempe

certainly, doubtless, to be sure

215

nidus -i m.

nest

216

nimirum

without doubt, certainly, doubtless

217

Notus -i m.

south wind

218

nummus -i m.

coin, money

219

nux nucis f.

nut

220

obduco -ere -duxi -ductum

bring or place against, cover over

221

oblecto (1)

delight, amuse

222

obruo -ere -ui -utum

overwhelm, swamp, destroy

223

obscenus -a -um

of evil omen, filthy, disgusting

224

obsecro (1)

appeal, entreat

225

obtempero (1) (+ dat.)

comply with, obey

226

(mortem or morte)

fall dying, die

227

offendo -ere -fendi -fensum

hit against, come across, meet with,

228

officina -ae f.

workshop

229

oleo -ere olui

smell (intrans.), smack of

230

oleum -i n.

oil

231

opimus -a -um

rich, sumptuous

232

opprobrium -i n.

reproach, disgrace

233

optimates -um m.pl.

the aristocratic party

234

ordior -iri -orsus

begin

235

pagus -i m.

district, village

236

pango -ere panxi

compose; (in perf. forms pepigi

237

parricida -ae c.

murderer of a parent, parricide

238

partior -iri -itus

share, divide

239

parturio -ire -ivi

be in labour, bring forth, produce

240

partus -us m.

birth, offspring

241

passer -eris m.

sparrow

242

passim

in all directions

243

patricius -a -um

patrician, noble

244

peiero or periuro (1)

perjure oneself

245

penes (+ acc.)

in the power of

246

penetralia -ium n.pl.

interior (esp. of a building), innermost

247

percontor -ari -atus

question, enquire

248

percutio -cutere -cussi -cussum

hit hard, kill, shock

249

perditus -a -um

ruined, desperate, reckless

250

perinde (with ac, atque, ut)

just as, exactly as

251

pernicies -ei f.

destruction, ruin

252

pernix (gen. -icis)

quick, nimble

253

perpetro (1)

achieve, perform, commit

254

persona -ae f.

mask, part, character, role

255

persto -are -stiti -statum

stand fast, hold out, persist

256

pictor -oris m.

painter

257

pignus -oris n.

pledge, (in pl.) children

258

plango -ere planxi planctum

beat, lament

259

plumbum -i n.

lead

260

poculum -i n.

cup, drink, potion

261

polluo -ere -ui -utum

pollute, desecrate, defile

262

populares -ium m.pl.

popular party, democrats

263

porrigo -ere porrexi porrectum

stretch out, offer

264

praecipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum

give instructions, warn

265

praeco -onis m.

crier, auctioneer

266

praeditus -a -um

endowed with (+ abl.)

267

praeteritus -a -um

past

268

prandeo -ere prandi

take morning meal

269

prandium -i n.

morning meal, lunch

270

pransus -a -um

having eaten lunch, breakfasted

271

pravus -a -um

crooked, perverse, bad

272

pridem (often iampridem)

long ago

273

procella -ae f.

storm

274

proclivis -is -e

downhill, liable to

275

prodigium -i n.

sign, portent

276

prodigus -a -um

lavish, wasteful

277

progenies -ei f.

descendants, progeny

278

proinde (with ac, atque, quasi, ut)

in the same way, equally, just

279

proles -is f.

offspring

280

pronus -a -um

face-down, headlong, inclined to

281

pudicus -a -um

modest, pure

282

pudicitia -ae f.

modesty, chastity

283

pulso (1)

beat, strike, disturb

284

pungo -ere pupugi punctum

prick, sting

285

puter or putris -tris -tre

rotten, decaying, crumbling

286

putidus -a -um

rotten, disgusting

287

quadrigae -arum f.pl.

four-horse chariot

288

quaeso -ere -ivi

beg, beseech, pray

289

quamprimum

as soon as possible

290

quercus -us f.

oak

291

rabidus -a -um

mad, raving

292

rabies -em -e f.

rage, frenzy

293

rado -ere rasi rasum

scrape, shave, graze

294

ratus -a -um

fixed, settled, certain

295

recordor -ari -atus

remember, recall

296

redigo -ere -egi -actum

bring back, bring or reduce to a state,

297

redoleo -ere -olui

smell (of)

298

regula -ae f.

rule, standard, pattern

299

relego (1)

send away, banish

300

repugno (1)

oppose, resist (+ dat.)

301

reputo (1)

think over, reflect on

302

resono (1)

resound, re-echo

303

respicio -ere -spexi -spectum

look back, pay attention to

304

retego -ere -texi -tectum

uncover

305

(part. reversus)

return

306

sagax (gen. -acis)

keen, shrewd

307

sancio -ire sanxi sanctum

consecrate, confirm, ratify

308

sane

indeed

309

sanies -em -e f.

putrid blood

310

satio (1)

fill, glut, satisfy

311

satur -ura -urum

fed full, sated

312

scilicet

of course, certainly, doubtless (ironic)

313

scrutor -ari -atus

examine carefully

314

secedo -ere -cessi -cessum

withdraw, retire

315

secerno -ere -crevi -cretum

separate, distinguish

316

securis -is f.

axe

317

sedulus -a -um

diligent, industrious

318

seiungo -ere -iunxi -iunctum

separate

319

semita -ae f.

path

320

sempiternus -a -um

everlasting

321

serpo -ere serpsi serptum

creep, crawl

322

sicarius -i m.

assassin

323

sincerus -a -um

pure, whole, genuine

324

socer -eri m.

father-in-law

325

societas -atis f.

partnership, alliance

326

solacium -i n.

comfort, relief

327

solidus -a -um

solid, firm, real

328

sortior -iri -itus

cast lots (for), allot, receive, obtain

329

sospes (gen. -itis)

safe, unharmed

330

specus -us m.

cave

331

spelunca -ae f.

cave

332

spina -ae f.

thorn

333

spondeo -ere spopondi sponsum

promise, vow

334

stabulum -i n.

quarters for animals

335

stagnum -i n.

pool, swamp

336

status -us m.

position, situation, state

337

sterilis -is -e

barren, unfruitful

338

stirps stirpis f.

stem, root, family, offspring, origin

339

stolidus -a -um

stupid

340

strages -is f.

heap of things destroyed, carnage

341

(and strido -ere -di)

creak, grate, hiss, etc.

342

stridor -oris m.

creaking, hissing, grating noise

343

stupeo -ere -ui

be stunned, astounded

344

stupor -oris m.

astonishment, numbness

345

subigo -ere -egi -actum

subdue

346

sublimis -is -e

high, raised high

347

subtilis -is -e

fine, delicate, precise

348

succedo -ere -cessi -cessum

go up, approach, follow after, relieve,

349

suppono -ere -posui -positum

substitute

350

suspirium -i n.

sigh

351

suspiro (1)

sigh

352

tabeo -ere

melt, waste away

353

tabes -is f.

wasting disease, plague

354

tabesco -ere tabui

waste away, pine, decay

355

tardo (1)

hinder, delay

356

temerarius -a -um

rash, thoughtless

357

tempestivus -a -um

at the right time, timely, ripe

358

tenax (gen. -acis)

gripping, sticky, firm

359

tepeo -ere

be quite warm

360

tepidus -a -um

moderately warm, tepid

361

tero -ere trivi tritum

rub, wear out, use up

362

testudo -inis f.

tortoise(-shell)

363

texo -ere texui textum

weave

364

thalamus -i m.

room, bedroom, marriage

365

tingo -ere tinxi tinctum

wet, soak, dye

366

tolero (1)

bear, endure, support, nourish

367

tondeo -ere totondi tonsum

cut, clip, shear

368

trabs trabis f.

beam

369

tracto (1)

handle, manage, deal with

370

tragoedia -ae f.

tragedy

371

transfuga -ae m.

deserter

372

transigo -ere -egi -actum

finish, settle, pass, spend

373

transversus -a -um

going or lying across

374

triclinium -i n.

dinner-couch, dining room

375

tropaeum -i n.

trophy, memorial of victory, victory

376

trudo -ere trusi trusum

push, shove

377

tumeo -ere

swell

378

tumesco -ere tumui

swell, be puffed up

379

tumidus -a -um

swollen

380

tutela -ae f.

protection, care, guardianship

381

tutor -ari -atus

watch, guard, protect

382

uber -eris n.

udder, teat

383

uber (gen. -eris)

rich, fertile, plentiful

384

uterus -i m.

womb

385

uva -ae f.

bunch of grapes

386

uvidus -a -um

wet, moist

387

vagus -a -um

wandering, roving

388

velo (1)

cover, veil

389

venter -tris m.

belly

390

venus veneris f.

grace, charm

391

venustus -a -um

lovely, charming

392

verecundus -a -um

shy, modest

393

vergo -ere

turn, incline

394

verro -ere verri versum

sweep, brush, sweep along

395

vescor -i (+ abl.)

feed on

396

vetustus -a -um

ancient

397

vibro (1)

brandish, shake, quiver

398

videlicet

clearly, namely, that is

399

vilis -is -e

cheap, poor, worthless

400

vindex -icis m.

champion, avenger

401

vindico (1)

protect, appropriate, avenge

402

violo (1)

harm, violate, break

403

viscera -um n.pl.

inwards, entrails, inmost parts

404

vitio (1)

spoil

405

vitreus -a -um

of glass, glassy, transparent

406

vocabulum -i n.

word, name

407

vociferor -ari -atus

shout

408

voluto (1)

roll about, ponder

409

vomo -ere -ui -itum

vomit, discharge, emit

410

voro (1)

devour

411

vulgo (1)

publish

412

Zephyrus -i m.

west wind