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2nd Latin Vocabulary > VI > Flashcards

Flashcards in VI Deck (427)
1

abies abietis f.

fir tree

2

abscido -ere -cidi -cisum

cut off

3

abundans (gen. -antis)

rich, abounding

4

abutor -uti -usus (+ abl.)

abuse, misuse

5

accedo -ere -cessi -cessum

approach, be added

6

accommodo (1)

fit, adapt, apply

7

accumbo -ere -cubui -cubitum

take one's place at table

8

acervus -i m.

heap

9

acta -orum n.pl.

(report of) public proceedings, record

10

adaequo (1)

make equal

11

admodum

quite, to quite an extent

12

adulor -ari -atus

flatter

13

aegroto (1)

be ill

14

aedificium -i n.

building

15

aerarium -i n.

public treasury

16

aestuo (1)

seethe, heave, burn (intrans.)

17

affirmo (1)

strengthen, declare

18

affligo -ere -flixi -flictum

dash down, crush

19

alea -ae f.

die (dice)

20

ales alitis c.

bird, winged (as adj.)

21

algeo -ere alsi

be cold

22

aliquamdiu

for some (considerable) time

23

aliquantus -a -um

a certain amount, considerable

24

altaria -ium n.pl.

altar(s)

25

amarus -a -um

bitter

26

amoenus -a -um

pleasant

27

ancilla -ae f.

maid-servant

28

ancora -ae f.

anchor

29

anguis -is c.

snake

30

angulus -i m.

corner, angle

31

angustiae -arum f.pl.

narrow place, difficulty, distress

32

annuus -a -um

yearly, lasting a year

33

antecello -ere (+ dat. or acc.)

surpass, be superior to

34

anus -us f.

old woman

35

anxius -a -um

anxious, uneasy

36

apto (1)

fit, make ready

37

aptus -a -um (+ abl.)

fitted with, equipped with

38

ardor -oris m.

heat, eagerness, ardour

39

arena -ae f.

sand, arena

40

aries arietis m.

ram, battering-ram

41

armiger -eri m.

armour-bearer

42

artifex -icis m.

craftsman

43

asinus -i m.

donkey

44

aspergo -ere -spersi -spersum

sprinkle on, bespatter

45

assiduus -a -um

persistent, incessant

46

atrium -i n.

hall, court

47

attollo -ere

raise, exalt

48

augur -uris c.

augur, prophet

49

augurium -i n.

prophecy, sign (esp. by bird)

50

auguror -ari -atus

predict

51

augustus -a -um

venerable, grand

52

avaritia -ae f.

greed

53

avarus -a -um

greedy

54

avello -ere -velli (or -vulsi) -vulsum

tear off, tear away

55

aveo (in imper. ave or avete)

hail, farewell

56

barba -ae f.

beard

57

bello (1)

wage war

58

bellus -a -um

fine, handsome, pretty

59

benevolentia -ae f.

kindness, good will

60

biduum -i n.

period of two days

61

blanditia -ae f.

flattery

62

calculus -i m.

pebble

63

capax (gen. capacis)

spacious, capable

64

caper -pri m.

he-goat

65

carina -ae f.

keel, ship

66

carnifex -icis m.

executioner, murderer

67

catena -ae f.

chain, fetter

68

cerebrum -i n.

brain

69

cervus -i m.

stag

70

ceu

as, just as

71

charta -ae f.

paper

72

clavis -is f.

key

73

clemens (gen. -entis)

gentle, merciful

74

cliens -entis c.

client (of patronus)

75

clientela -ae f.

clientship, group of clients

76

clipeus -i m.

shield

77

cohibeo -ere -ui -itum

restrain, check

78

collega -ae m.

colleague

79

colloquium -i n.

conversation, conference

80

comitia -orum n.pl.

assembly for elections, elections

81

commemoro (1)

mention, relate

82

commendo (1)

entrust

83

commercium -i n.

trade, dealings

84

concresco -ere -crevi -cretum

become hard or solid

85

condicio -onis f.

terms, circumstances, condition

86

confestim

immediately, speedily

87

congrego (1)

collect, gather together

88

coniugium -i n.

marriage

89

conscientia -ae f.

knowlege, consciousness, conscience

90

conscius -a -um

aware (of), in the know

91

consequor -sequi -secutus

result, catch up, reach

92

consido -ere -sedi -sessum

sit down, settle, abate

93

contentio -onis f.

struggle, dispute

94

conticesco -ere -ticui

fall silent, still

95

continens (gen. -entis)

adjacent, unbroken, continuous

96

contingit

it happens

97

continuo (adv.)

immediately

98

contionor -ari -atus

address a meeting

99

conubium -i n.

marriage

100

credulus -a -um

(too) trusting, ready to believe

101

cremo (1)

burn, cremate

102

crucio (1)

torture

103

cruciatus -us m.

torment

104

cruentus -a -um

bloody

105

cruor -oris m.

blood, gore

106

cubile -is n.

bed

107

cumulo (1)

pile up

108

cumulus -i m.

heap, pile

109

curvus -a -um

bent, crooked

110

debello (1)

end a war, subdue

111

decerto (1)

fight (to the end), contend

112

definio -ire -ivi -itum

define, determine, lay down

113

delecto (1)

delight, please

114

delego (1)

assign, commit

115

deminuo -ere -ui -utum

lessen, make smaller

116

depr(eh)endo -ere -endi -ensum

catch, arrest, detect

117

destituo -ere -ui -utum

abandon

118

devoro (1)

devour, consume

119

diffido -ere -fisus sum (+ dat.)

distrust, despair

120

dignor -ari -atus

think worthy, deign

121

dirigo -ere -rexi -rectum

direct, send straight

122

disertus -a -um

eloquent

123

dispar (gen. -paris)

unequal, unlike

124

dispicio -spicere -spexi -spectum

discern, perceive, make out

125

dispono -ere -posui -positum

arrange, station

126

distinguo -ere -stinxi -stinctum

distinguish

127

disto -are

be distant, be different

128

diversus -a -um

opposite, different, separate

129

divino (1)

foresee, prophesy

130

domesticus -a -um

belonging to the family, private, internal

131

dominor -ari -atus

rule, reign, have power

132

ebur eboris n.

ivory

133

eburneus -a -um

made of ivory

134

ecquis -quis -quid

is there anyone who ...?

135

emineo -ere -ui

be prominent, stand out

136

enitor -niti -nisus

make an effort, struggle

137

eruo -ere erui erutum

tear out, uproot

138

evado -ere evasi evasum

go out, go up, escape, turn out

139

eventus -us m.

result

140

exanimis -is -e

dead

141

expeditus -a -um

lightly equipped, ready, unobstructed

142

expergiscor -i -perrectus

wake up

143

expleo -ere -evi -etum

fill up, complete, satisfy

144

exsto -are

project, exist

145

exuo -ere -ui -utum

strip off

146

facesso -ere -ivi -itum

accomplish, cause

147

facundus -a -um

eloquent

148

famulus -i m.

servant

149

fecundus -a -um

fertile

150

ferio -ire

strike, beat

151

ferveo -ere ferbui

boil, seethe, burn, be agitated

152

fervidus -a -um

hot, impetuous

153

festivus -a -um

jolly, lively

154

festus -a -um

joyful, holiday-

155

fiducia -ae f.

trust, confidence

156

flavus -a -um

yellow, fair (of hair)

157

flo (1)

blow

158

floreo -ere florui

bloom, flourish

159

fluctuo (1)

toss about, waver

160

foedo (1)

make foul, pollute, disgrace

161

folium -i n.

leaf

162

foveo -ere fovi fotum

keep warm, cherish, support

163

fraudo (1)

cheat

164

fremitus -us m.

din, roaring sound

165

fremo -ere fremui fremitum

make a din, roar, grumble

166

frequens (gen. -entis)

crowded, full

167

fundus -i m.

farm

168

funestus -a -um

deadly, mournful, sad

169

furiosus -a -um

mad, raging

170

furo -ere furui

rage, be mad

171

furor -ari -atus

steal

172

gelidus -a -um

icy cold

173

gelu -us n.

icy coldness

174

gemma -ae f.

jewel

175

generosus -a -um

noble

176

gracilis -is -e

slim, slender

177

gratulor -ari -atus

congratulate

178

hilaris -is -e

cheerful, merry

179

iaculor -ari -atus

hurl, shoot

180

ianua -ae f.

door

181

igneus -a -um

fiery

182

immo

rather, on the contrary

183

imperitus -a -um

inexperienced, ignorant

184

impotens (gen. -entis)

wild, ungovernable

185

impudens (gen. -entis)

shameless

186

incautus -a -um

careless, heedless

187

incido -ere -cidi -casum

occur, happen, come upon

188

incumbo -ere -cubui -cubitum

rush upon, devote oneself

189

index indicis m.

informer, indication, sign

190

indicium -i n.

evidence, sign, proof

191

indignus -a -um

unworthy, shameful

192

indomitus -a -um

untamed, wild

193

infamia -ae f.

disgrace

194

infernus -a -um

of the lower world

195

ingenuus -a -um

free-born, noble, frank

196

insigne -is n.

badge, medal

197

insolitus -a -um

unaccustomed, strange

198

insto -are -stiti -statum

approach, threaten, pursue eagerly

199

insuetus -a -um

unaccustomed, strange

200

insuper

above, besides

201

intendo -ere -tendi -tentum

stretch, direct towards, intend

202

interimo -ere -emi -emptum

destroy, kill

203

intervallum -i n.

interval, distance, pause

204

intueor -eri -tuitus

look at, contemplate

205

invisus -a -um

hateful

206

iracundia -ae f.

anger

207

ius iurandum (gen. iuris iurandi) n.

oath

208

iustitia -ae f.

justice

209

iuventus -us f.

youth, young people

210

labrum -i n.

lip

211

lana -ae f.

wool

212

lapillus -i m.

small stone, jewel

213

lectus -a -um

chosen, select

214

libertus -i m.

freedman

215

liquet, -ere licuit

it is clear

216

locuples (gen. locupletis)

rich

217

loquax (gen. -acis)

talkative

218

luceo -ere luxi

shine, gleam

219

lucerna -ae f.

lamp

220

lucrum -i n.

gain, profit

221

luculentus -a -um

splendid, ample

222

lucus -i m.

(sacred) wood, grove

223

ludibrium -i n.

mockery, laughing-stock, sport,

224

lugeo -ere luxi luctum

mourn

225

machina -ae f.

machine, device, ploy

226

machinor -ari -atus

engineer, devise

227

malum -i n.

apple

228

manumitto -ere -misi -missum

free a slave

229

matrimonium -i n.

marriage

230

medeor -eri (+ dat.)

heal

231

medicamentum -i n.

remedy, medicine

232

memoro (1)

mention, relate

233

mendax (gen. -acis)

lying, false

234

mercatura -ae f.

trade, commerce

235

mercor -ari -atus

buy

236

mergo -ere mersi mersum

plunge, immerse, overwhelm

237

migro (1)

change one's home, depart

238

militia -ae f.

military service, warfare

239

mitigo (1)

soften, pacify

240

moderor -ari -atus

restrain, control, direct

241

modestus -a -um

well-behaved, modest

242

municeps -ipis c.

inhabitant of a municipium

243

municipium -i n.

town (self-governing)

244

natus -a (part. of nascor)

child

245

navigium -i n.

ship

246

nequaquam

not at all

247

nex necis f.

murder, slaughter

248

ningit or ninguit (perf. ninxit)

it snows

249

nitens (gen. nitentis)

bright, brilliant, beautiful

250

nitidus -a -um

shining, bright, smart

251

niveus -a -um

snow-white

252

nodus -i m.

knot

253

nuptiae -arum f.pl.

marriage, wedding

254

nuto (1)

nod, sway, totter

255

obeo -ire -ii (or -ivi) -itum

go to meet, engage in, perform, die

256

obeo diem or mortem

die

257

obiter (adv.)

on the way, while going along

258

obitus -us m.

death

259

obliquus -a -um

slanting, sidelong

260

oboedio -ire -ivi -itum (+ dat.)

obey, be subject to

261

observo (1)

watch, guard, comply with

262

obsidio -onis f.

siege

263

obstruo -ere -struxi -structum

block up, obstruct

264

obtusus -a -um

blunt, dull

265

obvius -a -um (+ dat.)

in the way of, so as to meet

266

occidens -entis m.

the west

267

ocior -ius

quicker

268

ocius (adv.)

(more) quickly

269

onustus -a -um

laden, burdened

270

opacus -a -um

dark, shady

271

oraculum -i n.

oracle

272

ostium -i n.

door, entrance

273

palaestra -ae f.

wrestling(-ground)

274

palma -ae f.

palm of hand, palm-tree, victory, glory

275

papaver -eris n.

poppy

276

parcus -a -um

thrifty, mean, meagre, little

277

paries parietis m.

wall (of a house)

278

particeps (gen. -cipis) (+ gen.)

sharing in

279

partim

partly

280

patronus -i m.

patron (of a cliens), defender, advocate

281

peior peius

worse

282

penna -ae f.

feather, wing (in plur.)

283

penuria -ae f.

need, scarcity

284

perago -ere -egi -actum

accomplish, complete

285

peregrinus -a -um

foreign

286

perennis -is -e

everlasting, perpetual

287

perfuga -ae m.

deserter

288

perfugium -i n.

refuge

289

perimo -ere -emi -emptum

destroy

290

peritia -ae f.

experience, skill

291

periurus -a -um

perjured, breaking oath

292

permagnus -a -um

very great

293

permultus -a -um

very much, very many (pl.)

294

persevero (1)

persist, persevere

295

pestilentia -ae f.

plague

296

pestis -is f.

plague, destruction

297

piget -ere piguit (+ acc. of person)

it displeases, disgusts

298

pingo -ere pinxi pictum

draw, paint

299

pinna -ae f.

feather, wing (in plur.)

300

pinus -us or -i f.

pine-tree

301

piscina -ae f.

fish-pond, swimming-pool

302

plane

clearly, entirely, quite

303

polio -ire -ivi -itum

polish

304

pomum -i n.

fruit (of any kind)

305

portentum -i n.

omen, portent, monster

306

postis -is m.

door-post, door (in pl.)

307

potentia -ae f.

power

308

praecipuus -a -um

special, extraordinary

309

praecipue

especially, chiefly

310

principium -i n.

beginning

311

privo (1)

rob, deprive

312

prodigus -a -um

lavish, wasteful

313

proditor -oris m.

betrayer, traitor

314

profugus -a -um

fugitive, exiled

315

propono -ere -posui -positum

display, set out, intend

316

proprius -a -um

one's own, peculiar, characteristic

317

propterea

for that reason

318

prora -ae f.

prow

319

proscribo -ere -scripsi -scriptum

publish, advertise, proscribe

320

quasso (1)

shake, shatter

321

querela -ae f.

complaint

322

querulus -a -um

complaining

323

questus -us m.

complaint, lamentation

324

Quirites -ium m.pl.

citizens of Rome

325

radius -i m.

ray

326

recito (1)

read out, recite

327

recupero (1)

regain, recover

328

reliquiae -arum f.pl.

remains, remnant

329

remex remigis m.

rower

330

reporto (1)

bring back, win

331

reprimo -ere -pressi -pressum

restrain

332

requiro -ere -quisivi -quisitum

search for, inquire, require

333

retro (adv.)

backwards, back

334

rostrum -i n.

beak, ship's beak

335

rostra -orum n.pl.

speakers' platform

336

rumor -oris m.

rumour, popular opinion

337

rupes -is f.

rock, cliff

338

sacramentum -i n.

military oath of allegiance

339

sacro (1)

dedicate, consecrate

340

saeculum -i n.

generation, century

341

saucius -a -um

wounded

342

scaena -ae f.

stage

343

scalae -arum f.pl.

steps, ladder

344

scando -ere scandi scansum

climb

345

scelestus -a -um

wicked

346

sceptrum -i n.

sceptre

347

scindo -ere scidi scissum

cut, split, tear

348

scintilla -ae f.

spark

349

secus (adv.)

otherwise, differently (esp. non

350

seditio -onis f.

uprising, mutiny

351

sepelio -ire -ivi sepultum

bury

352

series -em -e f.

row, succession, sequence

353

serius -a -um

serious, grave

354

sestertius -i m.

small silver coin

355

sicut

as, just as

356

sido -ere sidi or sedi, sessum

sit down, sink down

357

signo (1)

mark, seal, stamp

358

simplex (gen. -icis)

single, simple, plain

359

simulacrum -i n.

image, phantom

360

sitio -ire -ivi

be thirsty

361

sitis -is f.

thirst

362

situs -a -um

lying, situated

363

speculator -oris m.

spy, scout

364

speculor -ari -atus

spy out, watch for

365

splendidus -a -um

bright, brilliant, noble

366

splendor -oris m.

brilliance, excellence

367

spolia -orum n.pl.

spoils, booty

368

spolio (1)

strip, rob

369

stimulo (1)

spur on, incite

370

stultitia -ae f.

foolishness

371

sudo (1)

sweat

372

sudor -oris m.

sweat

373

supinus -a -um

face-upwards, lying on the back

374

supprimo -ere -pressi -pressum

check, put a stop to

375

surripio -ripere -ripui -reptum

steal, filch

376

sus suis c.

pig

377

suscito (1)

arouse, wake up, incite

378

tabella -ae f.

tablet (for writing, voting, painting)

379

tabellae -arum f.pl.

letter, document

380

tempero (1)

blend, moderate, control, be restrained

381

tendo -ere tetendi tentum (or tensum)

stretch, aim for, encamp

382

tenuis -is -e

thin, refined, delicate

383

terrestris -is -e

of the earth or land

384

testamentum -i n.

will

385

testificor -ari -atus

bear witness, show

386

testimonium -i n.

evidence, proof

387

thesaurus -i m.

treasure, store-house

388

tigris -is or -idis f.

tiger

389

titulus -i m.

label, notice, title

390

torrens -entis m.

torrent

391

torreo -ere torrui tostum

scorch, burn

392

torridus -a -um

dry, parched

393

totidem

just as many

394

tributum -i n.

tribute, tax

395

triduum -i n.

space of three days

396

triplex (gen. -icis)

three-fold, triple

397

turbidus -a -um

confused, troubled, violent

398

tuto (adv.)

safely

399

unguo -ere unxi unctum

smear, anoint

400

unguentum -i n.

ointment, perfume

401

unguis -is m.

nail, claw

402

urbanus -a -um

of the city, elegant, witty

403

urna -ae f.

jar, urn

404

ursus -i m. and ursa -ae f.

bear

405

valde

strongly, very much

406

valens (gen. -entis)

strong, healthy

407

valetudo -inis f.

state of health (often ill-health)

408

vapor -oris m.

steam, vapour

409

vario (1)

vary (trans. and intrans.)

410

vas vasis n.

vessel, dish

411

vena -ae f.

vein

412

venator -oris m.

hunter

413

venor -ari -atus

hunt

414

verso (1)

twist, turn, whirl, turn over in the mind

415

versor -ari -atus

be in a place or state, be engaged in

416

vertex -icis m.

crown of head, top, summit, whirlpool,

417

vestibulum -i n.

fore-court, entrance

418

vexo (1)

shake, trouble, harass

419

viator -oris m.

traveller

420

vigeo -ere -ui

flourish, thrive

421

vigil (gen. vigilis)

awake, watchful

422

vitis -is f.

vine

423

vividus -a -um

full of life, vigorous

424

volucer -cris -cre

flying, winged, rapid

425

volucris -is f.

bird

426

volumen -inis n.

roll, book

427

voveo -ere vovi votum

vow, dedicate