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2nd Latin Vocabulary > I > Flashcards

Flashcards in I Deck (524)
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1

a, ab

(+ abl.) - by, from

2

absum abesse afui

- be absent

3

accipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum

- receive, accept

4

accuso (1)

- accuse

5

ad

(+ acc.) - to, towards, at

6

adsum adesse adfui

- to be present

7

aedes -ium

f.pl. - house

8

aedifico (1)

- build

9

aeger -gra -grum

- ill, sick

10

aestas -atis

f. - summer

11

aetas -atis

f. - age

12

ager -gri

m. - field

13

agricola -ae

m. - farmer

14

agmen -inis

n. - marching column, army on the march

15

ago agere egi actum

- do, act, carry out, spend, drive

16

aliquis -quis -quid

- someone, something

17

alius -a -um

- other, another

18

alter altera alterum

- the other (of two), the second

19

altus -a -um

- high, deep

20

amicus -i

m. - friend

21

annus -i

m. - year

22

ante

(adv. and prep. + acc.) - before, in front of

23

antea

(adv.) - before, previously

24

antequam (conj.)

- before

25

appello (1)

- call

26

apud (+ acc.)

- at, at the house of, among, near

27

aqua -aeq

f. - water

28

arbor -oris

f. - tree

29

argentum -i

n. - silver, money

30

arma -orum

n.pl. - arms, weapons

31

armo (1)

- arm

32

ars artis

f. - art, skill

33

at

- but

34

atque, ac

- and

35

audio (4)

- hear

36

aurum -i

n. - gold

37

aut

- or

38

autem

- but, however, moreover

39

auxilium -i

n. - help, auxiliary troops (in pl.)

40

barbarus -a -um

- foreign, barbarian

41

bellum -i

n. - war

42

bene

- well

43

bonus -a -um

- good

44

cado cadere cecidi casum

- fall

45

campus -i

m. - plain, level surface

46

canis -is

m. - dog

47

cano canere cecini cantum

- sing

48

canto (1)

- sing

49

capio capere cepi captum

- take, get, seize, contain

50

captivus -i

m. - captive, prisoner

51

caput -itis

n. - head

52

carmen -inis

n. - song, poem

53

castra -orum

n.pl. - camp

54

cena -ae`

f. - dinner

55

ceterus -a -um `

- remaining, the rest

56

cibus -i

m. - food

57

civis -is

c. - citizen

58

civitas -atis

f. - state, country

59

clamo (1)

- shout

60

clamor -oris

m. - shout

61

clarus -a -um

- famous, clear, distinct

62

classis -is

f. - fleet

63

cogito (1)

- think

64

cohors -ortis

f. - cohort

65

coniunx -iugis c.

- wife, husband

66

conor (1)

- try

67

consilium -i

n. - plan, decision, policy

68

consisto -sistere -stiti -stitum

- halt, take up position

69

conspicio -spicere -spexi -spectum

- catch sight of

70

consul -ulis

m. - consul

71

contendo -tendere -tendi -tentum

- contend, strive, march, hurry

72

copiae -arum

f.pl. - troops, forces

73

cor cordis

n. - heart

74

credo -dere -didi -ditum

(+ dat.) - believe, entrust

75

cresco crescere crevi cretum

- grow, increase

76

culpa -ae

f. - blame

77

culpo (1)

- blame

78

cum (+ abl.)

- with

79

cum

- when, since, although

80

cupidus -a -um

(+ gen.) - eager, desirous

81

cupio cupere cupivi cupitum

- desire

82

cur

- why

83

curro currere cucurri cursum

- run

84

custodio (4)

- guard, protect, preserve

85

custos -odis

m. - guard

86

de (+ abl.)

- down from, from, concerning

87

dea -ae

f. - goddess

88

deus -i

m. - god

89

debeo (2)

- owe, ought to, have to

90

defendo -fendere -fendi -fensum

- defend

91

dexter -tra -trum (or -tera -terum)

- on the right, right

92

dextra (or dextera) -ae

f. - right hand

93

dextra (or dextera)

- on the right

94

dico dicere dixi dictum

- say, speak

95

dies diei m. or f.

- day (m.), set day, date

96

difficilis -is -e

- difficult

97

digitus -i

m. - finger

98

dignus -a-um

- worthy (of)

99

disco discere didici

- learn

100

diu

- for a long time

101

do dare dedi datum

- give

102

dono (1)

- give, present with

103

doceo docere docui doctum

- teach

104

dominus -i

m. - master, lord

105

domus -us

f. - house, home

106

dubito (1)

- doubt

107

duco ducere duxi ductum

- lead, take

108

dum

- while, as long as, provided that

109

dulcis -is -e

- sweet, pleasant

110

e, ex (+ abl.)

- out of, from

111

ecce

- look!

112

edo edere edi esum

- eat

113

ego

- I

114

enim

- for, because

115

eo ire ivi (or ii) itum

- go

116

eo

- to there

117

epistula -ae

f. - letter

118

eques equitis

m. - horseman

119

equus -i

m. - horse

120

et

- and

121

etiam

- even, also

122

exercitus -us

m. - army

123

fabula -ae

f. - story

124

facilis -is -e

- easy

125

facio facere feci factum

- do, make

126

fama -ae

f. - report, rumour, fame, reputation

127

familia -ae

f. - household, family

128

fatum -i

n. - fate, destiny

129

felix (gen. felicis)

- fortunate, lucky, successful

130

femina -ae

f. - woman

131

fero ferre tuli latum

- bring, carry, endure

132

ferrum -i

n. - iron, sword

133

fessus -a -um

- tired, weary

134

fidelis -is -e

- faithful

135

filia -ae

f. - daughter

136

filius -i

m. - son

137

fines -ium m.pl.

- territory, boundaries

138

finis -is

m. - boundary, limit, end

139

fio fieri

- become, be made, happen

140

fleo flere flevi fletum

- weep, cry

141

flos floris

m. - flower

142

flumen -inis

n. - river

143

fortis -is -e

- brave, strong

144

fortiter

- bravely

145

forte

- by chance

146

fortuna -ae

f. - fortune, chance

147

forum -i

n. - market-place, forum

148

frater -tris

m. - brother

149

fugio fugere fugi fugitum

- flee, escape, keep away from

150

gaudeo gaudere gavisus sum

- be glad, rejoice

151

gens gentis

f. - tribe, clan, people

152

gero gerere gessi gestum

- wear, carry on, conduct

153

gladius -i

m. - sword

154

gloria -ae

f. - glory

155

habeo (2)

- have, hold, consider

156

hasta -ae

f. - spear

157

haud

- not

158

hic haec hoc

- this

159

hic

- here

160

hiems hiemis

f. - winter

161

hinc

- from here

162

homo hominis

m. - man, human being

163

hora -ae

f. - hour

164

hortor (1)

- encourage, urge

165

hortus -i

m. - garden

166

hostis -is c.

- enemy

167

huc

- to here

168

humanus -a -um

- human, kind, humane

169

ibi

- there

170

idem eadem idem

- the same

171

igitur

- therefore

172

ignis -is

m. - fire

173

ille illa illud

- that

174

illic

- there

175

illinc

- from there

176

illuc

- to there

177

imperator -oris

m. - general, emperor

178

imperium -i

n. - command, power, empire

179

impero (1)

(+ dat.) - order

180

impetus -us

m. - charge, attack

181

in (+ acc.)

- into, against

182

in (+ abl.)

- in, on

183

incola -ae c.

- inhabitant

184

incolo (3)

- inhabit

185

inde

- from there, then

186

ingens (gen. ingentis)

- huge, vast

187

inquit

- he says, he said

188

insidiae -arum f.pl.

- ambush, plot, treachery

189

insignis -is -e

- distinguished, remarkable

190

insula -ae

f. - island, block of flats

191

intellego -legere -lexi -lectum

- perceive, understand, realise

192

interea

- meanwhile

193

interficio -ficere -feci -fectum

- kill

194

interim

- meanwhile

195

intro (1)

- enter

196

invenio -venire -veni -ventum

- find

197

ipse ipsa ipsum

- himself, herself, itself

198

ira -ae

f. - anger

199

irascor irasci iratus sum

(+ dat.) - become angry

200

iratus -a -um

- angry

201

is ea id

- that; he, she, it

202

iste ista istud

- that; he, she, it

203

ita

- so, thus

204

itaque

- and so, therefore

205

iter itineris

n. - journey, march, route

206

iterum

- again

207

iaceo (2)

- lie, lie down

208

iacio iacere ieci iactum

- throw

209

iam

- now, by now, already

210

iubeo iubere iussi iussum

- order

211

iudex iudicis

m. - judge, member of jury

212

iudicium -i

n. - judgment

213

iudico (1)

- judge

214

ius iuris

n. - law, right

215

iustus -a -um

- just, right

216

iuvenis -is

m. - young man

217

labor -oris

m. - work, effort, hardship

218

laboro (1)

- work, be in difficulty

219

laetus -a -um

- glad, happy

220

latus -a -um

- wide, broad

221

laudo (1)

- praise

222

laus laudis

f. - praise

223

legatus -i

m. - officer, ambassador, representative

224

legio -ionis

f. - legion

225

lego legere legi lectum

- read, collect, pick, choose

226

leo leonis

m. - lion

227

lex legis

lex legis f. - law

228

liber libri

m. - book

229

liber -era -erum

- free

230

liberi -orum m.pl.

- children

231

libero (1)

- free, release

232

lingua -ae

f. - tongue, language

233

locus -i

m. - place

234

longus -a -um

- long

235

loquor loqui locutus sum

- speak

236

ludo ludere lusi lusum

- play

237

ludus -i

m. - game, public games, school

238

luna -ae

f. - moon

239

lux lucis

f. - light

240

magnopere

- greatly, very much

241

magnus -a -um

- big, great

242

malus -a -um

- bad

243

maneo manere mansi mansum

- stay, remain, continue, await

244

manus -us

f. - hand, body of men

245

mare maris

n. - sea

246

mater matris

f. - mother

247

medius -a -um

- middle, in the middle

248

mens mentis

f. - mind, intention

249

mensa -ae

f. - table

250

miles militis

m. - soldier

251

mirus -a -um

- wonderful

252

miser -era -erum

- miserable, wretched

253

mitto mittere misi missum

- send

254

modus -i

m. - way, manner

255

moneo (2)

- warn, advise

256

mons montis

m. - mountain

257

mora -ae

f. - delay

258

morbus -i

m. - disease

259

morior mori mortuus sum

- die

260

moror (1)

- delay, check

261

mors mortis

f. - death

262

moveo movere movi motum

- move (trans.)

263

mox

- soon

264

mulier -ieris

f. - woman

265

multitudo -inis

f. - crowd, large number

266

multus -a -um

- many, much

267

murus -i

m. - wall

268

muto (1)

- change (trans.)

269

nam

- for, because

270

narro (1)

- tell, relate

271

nascor nasci natus sum

- be born

272

nato (1)

- swim

273

nauta -ae

m. - sailor

274

navigo (1)

- sail

275

navis -is

f. - ship

276

nec, neque

- and not, neither, nor

277

neco (1)

- kill

278

nego (1)

- deny, say that . . . not

279

nemo (neminem nullius nemini nullo)

- nobody

280

nihil, nil

- nothing

281

nisi

- unless, if not, except

282

nobilis -is -e

- noble

283

nolo nolle nolui

- be unwilling, not want

284

nomen -inis

n. - name

285

non

not

286

nondum

not yet

287

nonne

surely

288

nos

we

289

noster -tra -trum

our

290

novus -a -um

new

291

nox noctis

f. - night

292

nullus -a -um

- none

293

num (in direct question)

- surely . . . not?

294

num (in indirect question)

whether, if

295

numerus -i

m. - number

296

numquam, nunquam

- never

297

nuntio, nuncio (1)

- announce

298

nuper

- recently, lately

299

nusquam

- nowhere

300

occupo (1)

- seize

301

oculus -i m.

- eye

302

omnis -is -e

- all, every

303

onus oneris

n. - burden

304

oppidum -i

n. - town

305

oppugno (1)

- attack, assault

306

opus operis

n. - task, job, work

307

ora -ae

f. - coast, shore, region

308

orno (1)

- equip, adorn, decorate

309

oro (1)

- pray, beg, ask

310

os oris

n. - mouth, face

311

ostendo -tendere -tendi -tentum

show

312

paene

almost

313

paro (1)

- prepare, acquire

314

pars partis

f. - part

315

parvus -a -um

- small

316

pater patris

m. - father

317

patior pati passus sum

- suffer, endure, allow

318

patria -ae

f. - fatherland, one=s country

319

pauci -ae -a

- few

320

pax pacis

f. - peace

321

pectus -oris

n. - breast, chest, heart

322

pecunia -ae

f. - money

323

pello pellere pepuli pulsum

- drive, push, drive away, dispel

324

per (+ acc.)

- through, by means of

325

perdo perdere perdidi perditum

- lose, destroy, ruin

326

pereo perire perii peritum

- perish, die

327

periculum -i

n. - danger

328

pervenio -venire -veni -ventum

- arrive

329

pes pedis

m. - foot

330

peto petere petivi (or petii) petitum

- seek, ask, aim at, make for

331

placeo placere placui placitum

(+ dat.) - please

332

plenus -a -um

(+ gen.) - full

333

plerique -aeque -aque

- most, very many

334

poena -ae

f. - punishment

335

pono ponere posui positum

- put, place, put aside

336

pons pontis

m. - bridge

337

pontus -i

m. - sea

338

populus -i

m. - a people, nation, the people

339

porta -ae

f. - gate

340

porto (1)

- carry

341

portus -us

m. - harbour, port

342

possum posse potui

- be able, can

343

post

(adv. and prep. + acc.) - after, behind

344

postea (adv.)

- afterwards

345

postquam (conj.)

after

346

praeda -ae

f. - booty, plunder, prey

347

praemium -i

n. - reward, prize

348

praesidium -i

n. - defence, garrison

349

praetor -oris

m. - praetor

350

primus -a -um

- first

351

princeps principis

m. - chief, leader, emperor

352

prior (gen. prioris)

- former, earlier, previous

353

prius (adv.)

previously, before

354

priusquam (conj.)

- before

355

procul

far away

356

prodo prodere prodidi proditum

- betray, make known, transmit

357

proelium -i

n. - battle

358

proficiscor -ficisci -fectus sum

- set out, start

359

progredior, -gredi -gressus sum

- advance

360

prope (adv. and prep. + acc.)

- near

361

propero (1)

- hurry

362

publicus -a -um

- public

363

puella -ae

f. - girl

364

puer

m. - boy

365

pugna -ae

f. - fight

366

pugno (1)

- fight

367

pulcher -chra -chrum -

beautiful

368

punio (4)

- punish

369

puto (1)

- think

370

quaero quaerere quaesivi quaesitum

- seek, procure, ask

371

qualis -is -e

- of what kind

372

quando

- when

373

quantus -a -um

- how great, how much

374

que

and

375

qui quae quod

- who, which

376

quidam quaedam quoddam

- a, a certain person or thing

377

quidem

- indeed, certainly

378

quis quis quid

- who, which, what (in qu.)

379

quod

- because

380

quomodo

- how

381

quoque

- also

382

quot

- how many

383

quotiens

- how many times, how often

384

rapio rapere rapui raptum

- seize, snatch, carry off

385

reddo reddere reddidi redditum

- give back, restore

386

redeo redire redii (or redivi) reditum

- go back, return.

387

regina -ae

f. - queen

388

regnum -i

n. - kingdom

389

rego regere rexi rectum

- rule

390

relinquo -linquere -liqui -lictum

- leave, leave behind

391

reliquus -a -um

- remaining, the rest

392

res publica, rei publicae

- the state, republic

393

res rei

f. - thing, affair, matter, event

394

resisto -sistere -stiti

(+ dat.) - resist

395

respondeo -spondere -spondi -sponsum

respondeo -spondere -spondi -sponsum - reply, answer

396

rex regis

m. - king

397

rideo ridere risi risum

- laugh

398

ripa -ae

f. - bank (of river)

399

rogo (1)

- ask

400

rumpo rumpere rupi ruptum

- break, burst (trans.)

401

rursus

- again

402

saepe

- often

403

saevus -a -um

- cruel, savage

404

sagitta -ae

f. - arrow

405

sanguis sanguinis

m. - blood

406

sapiens (gen. sapientis)

wise

407

satis

enough

408

saxum -i

n. - stone, rock

409

scio scire scivi scitum

- know

410

scribo scribere scripsi scriptum

- write

411

scutum -i

n. - shield

412

se (sui sibi se)

- himself etc., themselves

413

sed

but

414

sedeo sedere sedi sessum

- sit

415

semper

always

416

senator -oris

m. - senator

417

senatus -us

m. - senate

418

senex senis

m. - old man

419

sentio sentire sensi sensum

- feel, perceive, experience, think

420

sequor sequi secutus sum

- follow

421

servio servire servii servitum

(+ dat.) - serve, be a slave

422

servo (1)

- save, protect, keep

423

servus -i

m. - slave

424

si

if

425

sic

thus

426

signum -i

n. - sign, signal, battle-standard

427

silentium -i

n. - silence

428

silva -ae

f. - wood, forest

429

similis -is -e

(+ gen. or dat.) - like, similar

430

simul

- at the same time

431

simul ac, simul atque

- as soon as

432

sine

(+ abl.) - without

433

sino sinere sivi situm

- allow

434

socius -i

m. - friend, ally

435

sol solis

m. - sun

436

soleo solere solitus sum

- be in the habit of, be accustomed to

437

solum

- only

438

solus -a -um

- alone, only

439

somnus -i

m. - sleep

440

sonus -i

m. - sound, noise

441

soror sororis

f. - sister

442

spero (1)

- hope

443

spes spei

f. - hope

444

statim

immediatly

445

statuo statuere statui statutum

- set up, establish, decide

446

sto stare steti statum

- stand

447

stultus -a -um

- foolish, stupid

448

sub (+ acc.)

sub (+ acc.) - up to

449

sub (+ abl.)

under

450

subito

suddenly

451

subitus -a -um

- sudden

452

subsidium -i

n. - help, support, reserve troops

453

sum esse fui

- be

454

surgo surgere surrexi surrectum

- rise, get up

455

suus -a -um

- his (own), hers, its, their

456

taceo tacere tacui tacitum

- be quiet, say nothing

457

talis -is -e

- such, of such a kind

458

tam

- so

459

tamen

- but, however

460

tandem

at last, finally

461

tango tangere tetigi tactum

- touch

462

tantus -a -um

- so great, so much

463

tectum -i

n. - roof, house, building

464

telum -i

n. - weapon, javelin

465

templum -i

n. - temple

466

tempus temporis

n. - time

467

teneo tenere tenui tentum

- have, hold

468

terra -ae

f. - earth, land

469

terreo (2)

- frighten

470

timeo (2)

- fear, be afraid

471

tot

- so many

472

totiens

- so many times, so often

473

totus -a -um

- all, whole, entire

474

trado tradere tradidi traditum

- hand over, hand down

475

traho trahere traxi tractum

- pull, drag

476

trans

(+ acc.) - across, over, beyond

477

tristis -is -e

- sad, gloomy

478

tu

you

479

tum, tunc

- then

480

tutus -a -um

safe

481

tuus -a -um

your

482

ubi

where

483

ullus -a -um

any

484

umquam, unquam

ever

485

una

together

486

unde

from where

487

undique

- from all sides, on all sides

488

unus -a -um

one

489

urbs urbis

f. - city

490

ut, uti

- so that, when, as, how

491

uter utra utrum

- which (of two)

492

uxor uxoris

f. - wife

493

vale, valete

- goodbye, farewell

494

validus -a -um

- strong

495

vasto (1)

- ravage, lay waste

496

vastus -a -um

- enormous, vast

497

vel, -ve

- or

498

veho vehere vexi vectum

- carry

499

vendo vendere vendidi venditum

- sell

500

venio venire veni ventum

- come

501

ventus -i

m. - wind

502

verbum -i

n. - word

503

verto vertere verti versum

- turn

504

verus -a -um

- true

505

vester -tra -trum

- your

506

veto vetare vetui vetitum

- forbid, tell not to

507

via -ae

f. - road, street, way

508

victor -oris

m. - conqueror, winner

509

victoria -ae

f. - victory

510

vicus -i

m. - village

511

video videre vidi visum

- see

512

vinco vincere vici victum

- conquer, beat, win

513

vir viri

m. - man

514

virtus virtutis

f. - courage, virtue

515

vito (1)

- avoid

516

vita -ae

f. - life

517

vivo vivere vixi victum

- live

518

vivus -a -um

- alive

519

vix

hardly, scarcely

520

voco (1)

- call

521

volo velle volui

- want, wish

522

vos

you

523

vox vocis

f. - voice

524

vulnus -eris

n. - wound