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2nd Latin Vocabulary > IIX > Flashcards

Flashcards in IIX Deck (387)
1

abhorreo -ere -ui (with a/ab + abl.)

be averse to, be far from

2

abrogo (1)

repeal, annul

3

accipiter -tris m.

hawk

4

actio -onis f.

lawsuit, pleading of a case

5

acus -us f.

needle

6

adhibeo -ere -ui -itum

apply, bring to, call in

7

adopertus -a -um

covered

8

advena -ae c.

foreigner, stranger (and as adj.)

9

aerumna -ae f.

trouble, distress

10

afflatus -us m.

breath, blast, inspiration

11

alioqui(n)

in other respects, otherwise

12

ambages -um f.pl.

winding route, evasion, digression

13

ambitio -onis f.

canvassing, attempt to gain favour,

14

ambitus -us m.

bribery

15

amictus -us m.

cloak

16

annona -ae f.

corn, price of corn

17

anser -eris m.

goose

18

aper -pri m.

wild boar

19

arcanus -a -um

secret, mysterious

20

argutus -a -um

bright, clear, shrill

21

arista -ae f.

ear of corn

22

armentum -i n.

herd

23

arrideo -ere -risi -risum (+ dat.)

smile upon (with approval)

24

aveo -ere

be eager, long for, crave

25

bacchor -ari -atus

revel, rave, rage

26

belua -ae f.

beast, monster

27

bruma -ae f.

winter

28

bucina -ae f.

trumpet

29

bustum -i n.

tomb

30

cacumen -inis n.

tip, summit

31

cadus -i m.

large jar

32

caelebs (gen. -ibis)

unmarried

33

caenum -i n.

mud, dirt

34

caespes -itis m.

turf, sod

35

caestus -us m.

boxing-glove

36

calcar -aris n.

spur

37

calco (1)

tread, trample

38

caliga -ae f.

soldier's boot

39

caligo -inis f.

fog, darkness

40

callis -is m.

mountain track

41

carbasa -orum n.pl.

sails

42

casa -ae f.

hut, cottage

43

caterva -ae f.

crowd

44

caupona -ae f.

inn, tavern

45

cautes -is f.

sharp rock

46

claudus -a -um

lame, crippled

47

compello (1)

address

48

compes -edis f.

fetter, shackle

49

compos (gen. -otis) (+ gen.)

in control of

50

concinnus -a -um

neat, elegant

51

conclave -is n.

room

52

congeries -ei f.

heap, pile, mass

53

conscisco -ere -scivi -scitum

bring on oneself

54

mortem sibi consciscere

commit suicide

55

contumacia -ae f.

stubbornness, arrogance

56

contumax (gen. -acis)

stubborn, insolent

57

contumelia -ae f.

abuse, insult

58

convicium -i n.

abuse, reviling

59

cornix -icis f.

crow

60

corvus -i m.

raven

61

crassus -a -um

thick, dense

62

crudus -a -um

raw, unripe, cruel

63

culter -tri m.

knife

64

cuneus -i m.

wedge

65

cuspis -idis f.

point of spear

66

cycnus -i m.

swan

67

debilis -is -e

weak, disabled

68

declamatio -onis f.

(theme for) declamation

69

deformis -is -e

ugly, disgraceful

70

defungor -i -functus (+ abl.)

perform, discharge, have done with

71

delectus -us m. (and dilectus)

selection, levy, recruiting

72

deliciae -arum f.pl.

pleasure, sport, pet

73

delitesco -ere -litui

hide, lurk

74

delubrum -i n.

shrine, temple

75

demissus -a -um

downcast, humble

76

deorsum

downwards

77

deprecor -ari -atus

beg, pray to avert something, pray for

78

desidia -ae f.

idleness

79

dicio -onis f.

control, power

80

diiudico (1)

decide between, distinguish

81

dis dis dite (gen. ditis)

rich

82

discrepo -are -ui

disagree, be different

83

dissero -ere -serui -sertum

examine, discuss, discourse

84

dissipo (1)

scatter, disperse, squander

85

divinitus (adv.)

by divine influence or inspiration,

86

divulgo (1)

publish

87

dos dotis f.

dowry

88

edax (gen. -acis)

voracious, devouring

89

editus -a -um

high, elevated

90

emetior -iri emensus

pass through, traverse

91

erudio -ire -ivi -itum

instruct, educate

92

erus -i m.

master

93

esca -ae f.

food

94

esurio -ire -itum

be hungry

95

evanesco -ere -vanui

vanish, pass away

96

examen -inis n.

swarm, crowd

97

excubiae -arum f.pl.

keeping watch

98

excubo -are -cubui -cubitum

keep watch

99

exemplar -aris n.

copy, pattern, model

100

exilis -is -e

thin, feeble, meagre

101

exordior -iri -orsus

begin (a speech)

102

exordium -i n.

beginning, prelude, preface

103

expio (1)

purify, expiate

104

exprobro (1)

reproach, censure

105

exsecror -ari -atus

curse

106

exsequiae -arum f.pl.

funeral procession, rites

107

exsequor -sequi -secutus

accompany, carry out, fulfil, describe,

108

faenus -oris n.

interest (on money lent), profit

109

faex faecis f.

dregs

110

falx falcis f.

sickle, pruning-hook

111

farcio -ire farsi fartum

stuff, cram

112

fastidium -i n.

distaste, aversion, disgust

113

fastigium -i n.

gable, top, summit, highest degree

114

fauces -ium f.pl.

throat, jaws, narrow place

115

favilla -ae f.

ashes

116

femur -oris or -inis n.

thigh

117

feriae -arum f.pl.

holidays

118

fides -ium f.pl.

lyre

119

flamen -inis m.

priest

120

flamen -inis n.

blast, blowing

121

fornix -icis m.

arch

122

frugi (indecl. adj.)

honest, upright, temperate, thrifty

123

fulcio -ire fulsi fultum

prop up, support, strengthen

124

fulvus -a -um

reddish-brown, tawny

125

funda -ae f.

sling

126

funis -is m.

rope

127

fuscus -a -um

dark

128

fustis -is m.

stick

129

fusus -a -um

broad, wide, copious

130

galea -ae f.

helmet

131

gallina -ae f.

hen

132

gallus -i m.

cock

133

genae -arum f.pl.

cheeks, eyes

134

gestio -ire -ivi -itum

jump for joy, desire strongly, long for

135

gesto (1)

carry, wield, wear

136

glaeba -ae f.

lump of earth, clod

137

glans glandis f.

acorn, bullet

138

grando -inis f.

hail

139

grassator -oris m.

highwayman, mugger

140

grassor -ari -atus

go, proceed, act, attack

141

gutta -ae f.

drop

142

guttur -uris n.

throat

143

hactenus (adv.)

thus far (and no further), so much for

144

hamus -i m.

hook

145

harundo -inis f.

reed, anything made of reed

146

haruspex -icis m.

soothsayer (divining by

147

hebes (gen. -etis)

blunt, dull, stupid

148

hirundo -inis f.

swallow

149

histrio -onis m.

actor

150

horreum -i n.

granary, storehouse

151

iacto (1)

throw, scatter, harass, utter, boast

152

iecur -oris n.

liver

153

ieiunus -a -um

hungry, poor, feeble

154

immolo (1)

sacrifice

155

immundus -a -um

unclean, filthy

156

impendium -i n.

expenditure, cost

157

impensa -ae f.

expenditure, cost

158

impertio -ire -ivi -itum

give a share, impart, bestow (+ dat. of

159

impetro (1)

accomplish, effect, obtain

160

increpo -are -ui -itum

make a noise, blame, rebuke

161

incuso (1)

accuse, blame

162

indigeo -ere -ui (+ gen. or abl.)

need, lack, be in want of

163

industria -ae f.

diligence

164

de industria

on purpose

165

inferiae -arum f.pl.

offerings to the dead

166

inscitia -ae f.

inexperience, ignorance

167

insons (gen. -ontis)

innocent

168

instar n. (only nom. and acc.)

image, likeness

169

instauro (1)

set up, celebrate, renew

170

insula -ae f.

tenement, block of flats

171

insulsus -a -um

silly, tasteless

172

iuba -ae f.

mane

173

iugerum -i n.

acre

174

iumentum -i n.

baggage-animal

175

iurgium -i n.

brawl, quarrel

176

iustitium -i n.

suspension of legal business, vacation

177

iuvencus -i m.

bullock

178

labes -is f.

fall, ruin, destruction

179

labes -is f.

spot, stain, disgrace

180

lacertus -i m.

arm

181

laqueus -i m.

noose

182

lascivus -a -um

frisky, playful, lewd

183

latrocinium -i n.

highway robbery, piracy

184

lautus -a -um

elegant, refined, sumptuous

185

lectica -ae f.

litter, sedan

186

leno -onis m.

pimp

187

libro (1)

balance, swing, hurl

188

limes limitis m.

path, road, track

189

limus -i m.

mud, slime

190

linum -i n.

linen, thread

191

lis litis f.

lawsuit, dispute

192

lorica -ae f.

cuirass

193

lorum -i n.

thong, reins (in pl.)

194

lubricus -a -um

slippery, hazardous

195

luo -ere lui

pay debt or penalty, atone for

196

luscus -a -um

one-eyed

197

macer -cra -crum

lean, skinny, meagre

198

macies -ei f.

leanness, thinness

199

macula -ae f.

spot, blemish, fault

200

m~lus -i m.

mast

201

mansuesco -ere -suevi -suetum

become tame, gentle

202

mansuetus -a -um

tame, gentle

203

matertera -ae f.

aunt (maternal)

204

medulla -ae f.

marrow, innermost part, best part

205

mentum -i n.

chin

206

merus -a -um

pure, unmixed, real, mere

207

merum -i n.

neat wine

208

messis -is f.

harvest

209

meta -ae f.

turning-point, goal

210

metallum -i n.

metal, mine (in pl.)

211

meto -ere messi messum

reap, harvest

212

modius -i m.

a measure (of corn), peck

213

morem gero (+ dat.)

humour, comply with, obey

214

mucro -onis m.

point (of sword)

215

mugio -ire -ivi -itum

bellow, roar

216

multa -ae f.

fine

217

mundus -a -um

clean, neat, elegant

218

munia -orum n.pl.

duties, functions

219

mutuor -ari -atus

borrow

220

necopinatus -a -um

unexpected

221

nequam (indecl. adj.)

worthless, bad, wicked

222

nequitia -ae f.

wickedness

223

nostras (gen. -atis)

of our country, native

224

noverca -ae f.

step-mother

225

noxa -ae f.

hurt, harm, crime

226

nugae -arum f.pl.

trivialities, nonsense

227

nurus -us f.

daughter-in-law, young woman

228

obiurgo (1)

blame, scold, rebuke

229

obnoxius -a -um

indebted to, liable, subject to

230

obsequium -i n.

obedience, allegiance

231

obsequor -sequi -secutus (+ dat.)

yield to, indulge

232

obtestor -ari -atus

call as witness, entreat

233

obtrecto (1) (+ dat. or acc.)

disparage, carp at

234

opifex -icis c.

maker, craftsman

235

opperior -iri -pertus

wait (for)

236

oppido (adv.)

absolutely, completely

237

orbo (1)

bereave, deprive of

238

orbus -a -um

bereft (of family), orphaned, childless

239

ostrum -i n.

purple

240

ovo (1)

rejoice, triumph

241

pactio -onis f.

agreement, contract, bargain

242

pactum -i n.

agreement, contract

243

palla -ae f.

robe, dress (of women and actors)

244

pallium -i n.

cloak

245

parento (1)

sacrifice to dead relative (esp. in revenge

246

patrimonium -i n.

inheritance, patrimony

247

patro (1)

accomplish, complete

248

patruus -i m.

uncle (paternal)

249

peculium -i n.

private property or savings (esp. of

250

pedetemptim

cautiously, gradually

251

perduellio -onis f.

treason

252

perhibeo -ere -ui -itum

say, assert, call

253

pessum do (dare dedi datum)

ruin, put an end to

254

petitio -onis f.

candidature for office

255

phalerae -arum f.pl.

medallions, horse-brasses

256

pila -ae f.

ball

257

pl~ga -ae f.

blow, wound, misfortune

258

plaga -ae f.

region, tract

259

plagae -arum f.pl.

hunting-net, snare, trap

260

polleo -ere

be able, be strong

261

praecordia -orum n.pl.

breast, heart

262

praeruptus -a -um

steep

263

praeses -idis c.

protector, guardian, leader

264

praesto (adv.)

at hand, ready (esp. to help)

265

pratum -i n.

meadow

266

proceres -um m.pl.

leading men, chiefs

267

procerus -a -um

tall, long

268

profecto (adv.)

actually, really, certainly

269

propago (1)

extend, increase, prolong

270

propago -inis f.

offspring

271

prorsus (adv.)

absolutely, truly, utterly

272

protervus -a -um

bold, impudent, pert

273

pubes -is f.

adult males, youth, young men

274

pugio -onis m.

dagger

275

quandoquidem

since, seeing that

276

queo -ere -ivi -itum

be able

277

quousque

how long?

278

rana -ae f.

frog

279

raucus -a -um

hoarse

280

reclamo (1)

protest, contradict (loudly)

281

redintegro (1)

restore, renew

282

refertus -a -um

stuffed, filled full

283

repeto -ere -petivi -petitum

revisit, repeat, go back to, begin from

284

repo -ere repsi reptum

creep, crawl

285

respuo -ere -ui

reject, refuse, not accept

286

rete -is n.

net

287

rigeo -ere

be stiff or numb (usu. with cold)

288

rigo (1)

water

289

rigor -oris m.

stiffness, hardness, severity

290

rima -ae f.

crack, chink

291

rite (adv.)

duly, rightly, according to custom or

292

ritus -us m.

religious ceremony, ritual

293

ritu (+ gen.)

in the manner of, like

294

rixa -ae f.

brawl, quarrel

295

rogus -i m.

funeral pyre

296

ros roris m.

dew, water

297

rubeo -ere

be red, blush

298

ruga -ae f.

wrinkle

299

saepio -ire saepsi saeptum

enclose, surround, fence

300

salubris -is -e

healthy, wholesome

301

salum -i n.

open sea

302

satelles -itis c.

attendant, member of retinue,

303

satus -a (+ abl.)

child of

304

scalpo -ere scalpsi scalptum

carve

305

sciscitor -ari -atus

ask, enquire, question

306

septemtriones -um m.pl.

north

307

silex silicis m.

flint, rock

308

simultas -atis f.

quarrel, enmity, grudge

309

singultus -us m.

sobbing

310

solium -i n.

throne

311

sopio -ire -ivi -itum

put to sleep, lull, calm

312

sordes -is f.

dirt, filth, meanness, baseness,

313

sordidus -a -um

dirty, low, mean, vile

314

spatior -ari -atus

walk about, promenade

315

specimen -inis n.

example, proof, pattern, ideal

316

spissus -a -um

thick, compact, dense

317

spuma -ae f.

foam, froth

318

spumo (1)

foam, froth

319

squaleo -ere -ui

be stiff, rough, filthy

320

squalidus -a -um

filthy, stiff with dirt

321

stilus -i m.

pen, style

322

stipes -itis m.

log, trunk of tree

323

stipo (1)

crowd, compress, stuff, throng round

324

strenuus -a -um

brisk, vigorous

325

stuprum -i n.

disgrace, debauchery, rape

326

subnixus -a -um (+ abl.)

supported by, leaning on

327

suboles -is f.

offspring

328

subsellium -i n.

bench

329

sucus -i m.

juice, sap

330

sudis -is f.

stake

331

suffragium -i n.

vote, right of voting

332

sulcus -i m.

furrow

333

sumptus -us m.

expense, cost, charge

334

suppedito (1)

supply, be at hand, be sufficient

335

surdus -a -um

deaf

336

sursum (adv.)

upwards, on high

337

taeda -ae f.

torch (esp. wedding-torch)

338

taeter -tra -trum

foul, repulsive

339

tentorium -i n.

tent

340

tenus (+ gen. or abl.)

as far as

341

terebro (1)

bore, perforate

342

teres (gen. -etis)

smooth, polished

343

tergeo -ere tersi tersum

wipe off, wipe dry, clean

344

tiro -onis m.

recruit, beginner

345

torpeo -ere

be sluggish, dull, listless

346

torpor -oris m.

numbness, listlessness

347

torus -i m.

muscle, couch, bed

348

torvus -a -um

fierce, grim, savage

349

trames -itis m.

path

350

trivium -i n.

cross-roads, highway

351

truculentus -a -um

savage, fierce, grim

352

truncus -a -um

mutilated, deprived of some important

353

trux (gen. trucis)

savage, fierce, grim

354

tundo -ere tutudi tunsum (or tusum)

beat, bash, strike

355

turbo -inis m.

whirlwind, whirling motion

356

tus turis n.

incense

357

tussis -is f.

cough

358

ululo (1)

how, yell

359

umbo -onis m.

boss of shield, shield

360

umidus -a -um

damp, wet

361

umor -oris m.

moisture, liquid

362

uncus -a -um

hooked, crooked, curved

363

usura -ae f.

use, interest (on money lent)

364

usurpo (1)

make use of, employ, practise, name,

365

vacillo (1)

sway, totter, waver

366

vagina -ae f.

sheath

367

vapulo (1)

receive a beating or flogging

368

vaticinor -ari -atus

prophesy

369

vecors (gen. vecordis)

foolish, mad

370

vectigal -alis n.

tax, revenue

371

vellus -eris n.

fleece

372

veneo -ire -ivi

be sold

373

verna -ae c.

slave born in master's house

374

vernaculus -a -um

native, indigenous

375

versutus -a -um

versatile, clever, crafty, sly

376

vesanus -a -um

mad, raging

377

vexillum -i n.

military flag, banner

378

viaticum -i n.

travelling-money

379

viduus -a -um

bereft, deprived of (esp. of husband or

380

vilicus -i m.

steward, estate-manager

381

virga -ae f.

twig, cane

382

virgulta -orum n.pl.

copse, thicket

383

virus -i n.

poison

384

vitta -ae f.

head-band

385

vitulus -i m.

calf

386

vulpes -is f.

fox

387

zona -ae f.

belt