Vitamin Deficiency Flashcards Preview

Y4 Important to learn > Vitamin Deficiency > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vitamin Deficiency Deck (11)
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1

Vitamin A

- chemical name 

- deficiency symptoms

Vitamin A

Chemical name: retinoids

Symptoms of deficiency: night blindness

2

Vitamin B1

- chemical name 

- deficiency symptoms

Vitamin B1

 

Chemical name: Thiamine 

 

 

Deficiency → Beriberi:

- polyneuropathy 

- Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

- heart failure

3

Vitamin B3

- chemical name 

- deficiency symptoms

Vitamin B3 

Chemical name: Niacin 

Deficiency → Pellagra:

- dermatitis 

- diarrhoea

- dementia 

4

Vitamin B6

- chemical name 

- deficiency symptoms

Vitamin B6 

Chemical name: Pyridoxine 

Deficiency: seizures, anaemia, irritability 

5

Vitamin B7

- chemical name 

- deficiency symptoms

Vitamin B7 

Chemical name: Biotin

Deficiency: 

- dermatitis 

- seborrhoea (excessive discharge of sebum from seborrhoeic glands)

6

Vitamin B9

- chemical name 

- deficiency symptoms

Vitamin B9

 

Chemical name: folic acid 

Deficiency: 

- megaloblastic anaemia

- neural tube defects (if deficiency during pregnancy)

7

Vitamin B12

 
- chemical name 
- deficiency 

Vitamin B12

Chemical name: cyanocobalamin 

Deficiency: 

- megaloblastic anaemia 

- peripheral neuropathy 

8

Vitamin C

 
- chemical name 
- deficiency 

Vitamin C 

chemical name: ascorbic acid 

deficiency → scurvy 

- gingivitis 

- bleeding

9

Vitamin D

- chemical names (2) 
- deficiency 

Vitamin D

chemical names: ergocalciferol, cholecalciferol

 

deficiency: rickets, osteomalacia 

10

Vitamin E

 
- chemical names (2) 
- deficiency 

Vitamin E 

chemical names: Tocopherol, tocotrienol

deficiency: 

- mild haemolytic anaemia in newborn infants

- ataxia 

- peripheral neuropathy 

11

Vitamin K 

- chemical name 

- deficiency

Vitamin K 

chemical name: Naphthoquinone 

deficiency: 

- haemorrhagic disease of the newborn

- bleeding diathesis* 

 

*  bleeding diathesis → susceptibility to bleed (hemorrhage) mostly due to hypocoagulability (a condition of irregular and slow blood clotting), in turn caused by a coagulopathy (a defect in the system of coagulation)