Vitamins and Physiotherapy (Irene Gold) Parts II and III Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vitamins and Physiotherapy (Irene Gold) Parts II and III Deck (142)
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1

A deficiency in which vitamin will cause night blindness?

Vitamin A (Retinol)

2

What is the name for Vitamin A?

Retinol

3

What condition will an increase in Vitamin A cause?

Hypervitaminosis: beta-caratinema (yellow skin with normal sclera)

4

What is the name for Vitamin B1?

Thiamine

5

What condition is caused by a decrease in Thiamine?

Beri-Beri

6

What are two findings with Beri-Beri syndrome?

Encephalopathy
Psychosis

7

What condition is seen in alcoholics that have a decrease in Vitamin B1?

Wernike Kosakoff syndrome

8

What vitamin is called Riboflavin?

B2

9

What is the name of the condition seen in a person with a decrease in Vitamin B2?

Cheilosis (Sore cracks at the corner of the mouth)

10

What is the name for Vitamin B3?

Niacin

11

What condition is seen in patients with a decrease in Niacin?

Pellagra
4 D's: Dementia, Dermatitis, Diarrhea, Death

12

What is the name for Vitamin B6?

Pyridoxine

13

For what condition is Pyridoxine recommended?

Peripheral nerve healing

14

What four conditions is Vitamin B6 used to help?

Carpal tunnel
Pregnancy
Hypo-tension
Natural Diuretic

15

When is Vitamin B9 recommended to be taken and for what purpose?

Prior to pregnancy
To help with formation of the neural arch;neural tube defects are less likely to occur

16

What is the name for Vitamin B9?

Folic Acid

17

What type of anemia is seen in alcoholics with a Folic Acid deficiency?

Megoloblastic (Macrocyic) Anemia

18

What does a deficiency in B9 produce?

Glossitis

19

Pain in what location of the body will improve at night when taking B9?

Legs

20

What Vitamin has the name Cobalamin?

B12

21

What population will be deficient in B12?

Vegetarians

22

A lack of intrinsic factor with Cobalamin leads to what type of Anemia?

Pernicious Anemia

23

A deficiency of B12 leads to Megaloblastic anemia which is confirmed positive how?

Positive Schilling test

24

What Vitamin is associated with Posterolateral Sclerosis (Combined Systems Disease)?

Cobalamin

25

What two systems are often part of Combined System Disease (PLS)?

Gastrointestinal (GI)
Neurological

26

What Vitamin masks the symptoms of B12?

Folic Acid (B9)

27

What conditions will persist even after Cobalamin is administered?

Neuropathies

28

What is the name for Vitamin C?

Ascorbic Acid

29

What two conditions will be seen if a patient has a decrease in Ascorbic Acid?

Scurvy
Capillary fragility

30

In what population should you supplement Vitamin C, because of a deficiency?

Smokers