Vocab 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab 2 Deck (192):
1

Ab initio

adj. from the beginning

2

Abase

v. to belittle or degrade

3

Aberrant

adj. deviating from accepted standards

4

Abetting

v. encouraging someone to do a wrong

5

Abscond

v. to leave hurriedly and secretly, typically to avoid detection of or arrest for an unlawful action such as theft; escape

6

Abstruse

v. obscure or difficult to understand

7

Abut

v. (of an area of land or a building) to adjoin, to be next to or have a common boundary with

8

Accretion

n. accumulation of matter; the process of growth or increase, typically by the gradual accumulation of additional layers or matter

9

Acerbic

adj. sharp and forthright; tasting sour or bitter

10

Acolyte

n. an assistant or follower; disciple

11

Acrid

adj. angry and bitter; sharp and pungent

12

Acrophobia

n. fear of heights

13

Effacement

n. the erasing from a surface

14

Effete

adj. (of a person) affected or overrefined; no longer capable of effective action

15

Effigy

n. model of a person

16

Effluviated

v. to give off an odor

17

Effusive

adj. expressing feelings of gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner

18

Egalitarianism

adj. of, relating to, or believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities

19

Egress

n. the action of going out of or leaving a place; v. to exit

20

Emaciated

adj. abnormally thin or weak esp. because of illness or a lack of food; withered

21

Grate

v. to annoy; aggravate; or shred something like cheese

22

Gratuitous

adj. uncalled for; unwarranted

23

Gregarious

adj. sociable

24

Guffaw

n. or v. sudden loud laughter

25

Guile

n. cunning; craftiness

26

Guileless

adj. frank; straightforward; innocent and without deception

27

Hackneyed

adj. unoriginal and trite; overused

28

Hale

adj. strong and healthy; v.drag or draw forcefully

29

Hallow

v. honor as holy; make holy

30

Hapless

adj. unfortunate; unlucky

31

Harbinger

n. indicator

32

Hawser

n. thick rope or cable

33

Hedge

v. limit or qualify by conditions or exceptions

34

Odious

adj. extremely unpleasant

35

Ogle

v. stare at with lecherous intent

36

Olfactory

adj. concerned with smell

37

Onus

n. burden; used to refer to something that is one's duty or responsibility

38

Ossify

v. become fixed and rigid; turn into bone or bony tissue

39

Ostensible

adj. appearing to be true, but not necessarily so

40

Ostracism

n. exclusion from a society or group; shun

41

Veracious

adj. true

42

Ruse

n. an action intended to deceive someone; a trick

43

Caulk

v. treat with substance such as tar to make water tight

44

Decoy

v. to lure or entice (a person or animal) away from an intended course, typically into a trap

45

Limpid

adj. transparently clear

46

Diaphanous

adj. transparent; thin and delicate

47

Quisling

n. traitor who collaborates with the enemy

48

Ineffable

adj. too great or extreme to be expressed or described in words

49

Assent

v. express approval or agreement, typically officially; n. the expression of approval or agreement

50

Belabor

v. argue or elaborate (a subject) in excessive detail; attack or assault (someone) physically or verbally

51

Pundit

n. an expert

52

Dispensations

n. exemptions from a rule or usual requirement; the action of distributing or supplying something

53

Saccharine

adj. excessively sweet or sentimental

54

Draconian

adj. excessively harsh and severe

55

Foppish

adj. excessively concerned with fashion

56

Intemperate

adj. having or showing a lack of self-control; immoderate

57

Verbiage

n. excessive or meaningless wordiness

58

Quixotic

adj. exceedingly idealistic

59

Paradigm

n. example; model

60

Assaying

v. examine something in order to assess its nature; n. the testing of a metal or ore to determine its ingredients and quality

61

Dexterous

adj. skillful with hands; mentally adroit; clever

62

Malign

adj. malevolent; slander

63

Somnambulist

n. sleepwalker

64

Dawdler

n. slow person who falls behind others; (v. to dawdle)

65

Dilatory

adj; slow to act; slow to act

66

Obtuse

adj. annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand

67

Skiff

n. small boat

68

Coterie

n. small group of people with shared interests or tastes

69

Minutiae

n. small, trivial, or precise details of something

70

Fetid

adj. smelling extremely unpleasant

71

Macerate

v. soften or break up by soaking; cause to grow thinner or waste away, esp. by fasting

72

Anathema

n. someone or something that one vehemently dislikes

73

Libertarian

n. someone who opposes tyranny, who believes in the doctrine of free will

74

Poseur

n. someone who puts on an act

75

Quietus

n. death or something that causes death, regarded as a release from life; something that has a calming or soothing effect

76

Inconspicuous

adj. not noticeable

77

Conspicuous

adj. standing out so as to be clearly visible

78

Frivolous

adj. not serious; not having any serious purpose or value

79

Unavailed

v. not using or taking advantage of an opportunity

80

Recondite

adj. (of a subject or knowledge) little known; abstruse; obscure

81

Esoterica

n. obscure details

82

Tawdry

adj. showy but cheap and of poor quality; sordid or unpleasant

83

Sordid

adj. involving ignoble actions and motives

84

Nugatory

adj. of minor significance

85

Arcadian

adj. of or relating to an ideal rustic paradise

86

Infirmity

n. physical or mental weakness

87

Inter

v. place in a grave or tomb

88

Redolent

adj. strongly reminiscent or suggestive of (something); giving off odors

89

Sententious

adj. given to moralizing in a pompous or affected manner

90

Mendicant

adj. given to begging; n. a beggar

91

Titter

v. giggle quietly

92

Claque

n. group of groupies, people hired to applaud or heckle a performer or public speaker

93

Iniquitous

adj. grossly unfair and morally wrong

94

Solecism

n. grammatical mistake in speech or writing

95

Amortized

v. gradually write off the initial cost of an asset; reduce or extinguish (a debt) by money regularly put aside

96

Gerontocracy

n. government by the aged

97

adj. from the beginning

Ab initio

98

v. to belittle or degrade

Abase

99

adj. deviating from accepted standards

Aberrant

100

v. encouraging someone to do a wrong

Abetting

101

v. to leave hurriedly and secretly, typically to avoid detection of or arrest for an unlawful action such as theft; escape

Abscond

102

v. obscure or difficult to understand

Abstruse

103

v. (of an area of land or a building) to adjoin, to be next to or have a common boundary with

Abut

104

n. accumulation of matter; the process of growth or increase, typically by the gradual accumulation of additional layers or matter

Accretion

105

adj. sharp and forthright; tasting sour or bitter

Acerbic

106

n. an assistant or follower; disciple

Acolyte

107

adj. angry and bitter; sharp and pungent

Acrid

108

n. fear of heights

Acrophobia

109

n. the erasing from a surface

Effacement

110

adj. (of a person) affected or overrefined; no longer capable of effective action

Effete

111

n. model of a person

Effigy

112

v. to give off an odor

Effluviated

113

adj. expressing feelings of gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner

Effusive

114

adj. of, relating to, or believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities

Egalitarianism

115

n. the action of going out of or leaving a place; v. to exit

Egress

116

adj. abnormally thin or weak esp. because of illness or a lack of food; withered

Emaciated

117

v. to annoy; aggravate; or shred something like cheese

Grate

118

adj. uncalled for; unwarranted

Gratuitous

119

adj. sociable

Gregarious

120

n. or v. sudden loud laughter

Guffaw

121

n. cunning; craftiness

Guile

122

adj. frank; straightforward; innocent and without deception

Guileless

123

adj. unoriginal and trite; overused

Hackneyed

124

adj. strong and healthy; v.drag or draw forcefully

Hale

125

v. honor as holy; make holy

Hallow

126

adj. unfortunate; unlucky

Hapless

127

n. indicator

Harbinger

128

n. thick rope or cable

Hawser

129

v. limit or qualify by conditions or exceptions

Hedge

130

adj. extremely unpleasant

Odious

131

v. stare at with lecherous intent

Ogle

132

adj. concerned with smell

Olfactory

133

n. burden; used to refer to something that is one's duty or responsibility

Onus

134

v. become fixed and rigid; turn into bone or bony tissue

Ossify

135

adj. appearing to be true, but not necessarily so

Ostensible

136

n. exclusion from a society or group; shun

Ostracism

137

adj. true

Veracious

138

n. an action intended to deceive someone; a trick

Ruse

139

v. treat with substance such as tar to make water tight

Caulk

140

v. to lure or entice (a person or animal) away from an intended course, typically into a trap

Decoy

141

adj. transparently clear

Limpid

142

adj. transparent; thin and delicate

Diaphanous

143

n. traitor who collaborates with the enemy

Quisling

144

adj. too great or extreme to be expressed or described in words

Ineffable

145

v. express approval or agreement, typically officially; n. the expression of approval or agreement

Assent

146

v. argue or elaborate (a subject) in excessive detail; attack or assault (someone) physically or verbally

Belabor

147

n. an expert

Pundit

148

n. exemptions from a rule or usual requirement; the action of distributing or supplying something

Dispensations

149

adj. excessively sweet or sentimental

Saccharine

150

adj. excessively harsh and severe

Draconian

151

adj. excessively concerned with fashion

Foppish

152

adj. having or showing a lack of self-control; immoderate

Intemperate

153

n. excessive or meaningless wordiness

Verbiage

154

adj. exceedingly idealistic

Quixotic

155

n. example; model

Paradigm

156

v. examine something in order to assess its nature; n. the testing of a metal or ore to determine its ingredients and quality

Assaying

157

adj. skillful with hands; mentally adroit; clever

Dexterous

158

adj. malevolent; slander

Malign

159

n. sleepwalker

Somnambulist

160

n. slow person who falls behind others; (v. to dawdle)

Dawdler

161

adj; slow to act; slow to act

Dilatory

162

adj. annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand

Obtuse

163

n. small boat

Skiff

164

n. small group of people with shared interests or tastes

Coterie

165

n. small, trivial, or precise details of something

Minutiae

166

adj. smelling extremely unpleasant

Fetid

167

v. soften or break up by soaking; cause to grow thinner or waste away, esp. by fasting

Macerate

168

n. someone or something that one vehemently dislikes

Anathema

169

n. someone who opposes tyranny, who believes in the doctrine of free will

Libertarian

170

n. someone who puts on an act

Poseur

171

n. death or something that causes death, regarded as a release from life; something that has a calming or soothing effect

Quietus

172

adj. not noticeable

Inconspicuous

173

adj. standing out so as to be clearly visible

Conspicuous

174

adj. not serious; not having any serious purpose or value

Frivolous

175

v. not using or taking advantage of an opportunity

Unavailed

176

adj. (of a subject or knowledge) little known; abstruse; obscure

Recondite

177

n. obscure details

Esoterica

178

adj. showy but cheap and of poor quality; sordid or unpleasant

Tawdry

179

adj. involving ignoble actions and motives

Sordid

180

adj. of minor significance

Nugatory

181

adj. of or relating to an ideal rustic paradise

Arcadian

182

n. physical or mental weakness

Infirmity

183

v. place in a grave or tomb

Inter

184

adj. strongly reminiscent or suggestive of (something); giving off odors

Redolent

185

adj. given to moralizing in a pompous or affected manner

Sententious

186

adj. given to begging; n. a beggar

Mendicant

187

v. giggle quietly

Titter

188

n. group of groupies, people hired to applaud or heckle a performer or public speaker

Claque

189

adj. grossly unfair and morally wrong

Iniquitous

190

n. grammatical mistake in speech or writing

Solecism

191

v. gradually write off the initial cost of an asset; reduce or extinguish (a debt) by money regularly put aside

Amortized

192

n. government by the aged

Gerontocracy