Vocab 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab 3 Deck (196):
1

Scurvy

adj. worthless or contemptible

2

Scrupulous

adj. (of a person or process) diligent, thorough, and extremely attentive to details

3

Scruples

n. a feeling of doubter hesitation with regard to the morality or propriety of a course of action

4

Scotch

v. to prevent; stop

5

Scintilla

n. a tiny trace or spark of a specified quality or feeling

6

Scabbard

n. cover for a sword

7

Saw

n. a proverb, maxim, or wise saying

8

Rife

adj. full of (something); (esp. of something undesirable or harmful) of common occurrence

9

Retrograde

adj. directed or moving backward; v. go back in position or time

10

Reticent

adj. not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily; restrained

11

Retching

v. vomit; n. a movement or sound of vomiting

12

Restive

adj. (of a person) unable to be still or be silent and becoming increasingly difficult to contro, esp. because of impatience, dissatisfaction, or boredoml

13

Respite

n. break or intermission; v. postpone

14

Notional

adj. existing only in theory

15

Nostrum

n. a medicine that is not considered effective, prepared by an unqualified person; a pet scheme, especially one for bringing about some social or political reform or improvement

16

Nonplussed

adj. surprised and confused so much that they are unsure how to react

17

Nonentity

n. a person or thing with no special or interesting qualities; a person of no importance

18

Nondescript

adj. having no special, distinctive, or interesting features

19

Muckraking

n. action in search of scandalous information

20

Motif

n. dominant idea in an artistic work

21

Renege

v. to go back on a promise, undertaking, or contract

22

Rend

v. tear (something) into two or more pieces; cause great emotional pain to (a person or their heart)

23

Remuneration

n. payment for work done

24

Relegate

v. consign or dismiss to a lower position

25

Rejoinder

n. a sharp or witty reply

26

Regalia

n. the emblems or insignia of royalty used at a coronation (crown, sceptor)

27

Regale

v. to entertain or amuse (someone) with talk; lavishly supply someone with food or drink

28

Refulgent

adj. shining brightly

29

Syllogism

n. deductive reasoning

30

Sycophants

n. a person who acts obsequiously toward someone in order to gain advantage

31

Sybarite

n. a person who is self-indulgent in their fondness for sensuous luxury

32

Surly

adj. bad-tempered and unfriendly; grumpy; rude

33

Supplicated

v. ask or beg for something earnestly or humbly

34

Supplicant

n. person who begs for something

35

Supercilious

adj. behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others; proud and haughty

36

Subversive

adj. seeking or intended to subvert an established system or institution; rebellious

37

Subterfuge

n. deceit used in order to achieve one's goal; a trick

38

Countenance

n. support; a person's face; v. admit as acceptable or possible

39

Diurnal

adj. of or during the day; active in daytime

40

Crepuscular

adj. of, resembling, or relating to twilight; active at dawn and dusk

41

Prudent

adj. acting with or showing care and thought for the future

42

Claptrap

n. absurd or nonsensical talk

43

Certitude

n. absolute certainty or conviction that something is the case

44

Brusque

adj. abrupt or offhand in speech or manner; rude

45

Preternatural

adj. beyond what is normal or natural; abnormal

46

Metonym

n. a word used as another term for something it relates to (like Washington which refers to the Federal government)

47

Boon

n. a thing that is helpful or beneficial; a favor or request; adj. (of a companion or friend) favorite

48

Frisson

n. a sudden strong feeling of excitement of fear

49

Floes

n. a sheet of floating ice

50

Doughty

adj. brave and persistent

51

Phenomenology

n. branch of science concerned with things as they are perceived , consciousness

52

Tedium

n. boredom

53

Blowhard

n. boastful person

54

Occlusive

adj. blocking

55

Purblind

adj. slow or unable to understand; blind to some things

56

Vilification

n. abusively disparaging speech or writing; blackening someone’s name

57

Rue

v. bitterly regret (something one has done); bitter regret

58

Beleaguer

v. beset with difficulties; besiege; attack

59

Pleonasm

n. the use of more words than are necessary to convey meaning, either as a fault of style or for emphasis; being too verbose

60

Indiscretion

n. behavior or speech that is indiscreet or displays a lack of good judgment

61

Cadge

v. to beg

62

Pulchritude

n. beauty

63

Comeliness

n. attractiveness; agreeableness

64

Dote

v. be extremely and uncritically fond of

65

Empirical

adj. based on experience or observation

66

Frieze

n. decorative border

67

Emboss

v. carve or mold a design on (a surface) so that it stands out in relief; decorate with a raised design

68

Countermand

v. revoke an order; declare invalid

69

Legerdemain

n. skillful use of one's hands when performing conjuring tricks; deception; trickery

70

Artifice

n. cunning or clever device esp. used to trick or deceive others

71

Duplicitous

adj. deceitful

72

Subterfuge

n. deceit used in order to achieve one’s goal

73

Dispatch

v. deal with quickly or efficiently

74

Aurora

n. dawn

75

Virulent

adj. bitterly hostile; dangerous; harmful

76

Besmirched

v. damage the reputation of (someone or something) in the opinion of others

77

Dike

n. dam; embankment; long wall built to prevent flooding from the sea

78

Nuzzle

v. rub or push against gently with the nose and mouth

79

Whittle

v. reduce step by step

80

Commute

v. reduce (a judicial sentence, esp. a sentence of death) to one less severe

81

Diminution

n. reduction in size, extent, or importance of something

82

Smelt

v. refine an ore

83

Adamancy

adj. refusal to change one’s position or mind

84

Deplore

v. feel or express strong disapproval of something

85

Ecumenical

adj. relating to different churches

86

Dialectical

adj. relating to the logical discussion of ideas and opinions; concerned or acting through opposing forces

87

Laxity

adj. not sufficiently strict, severe, or careful; relaxed

88

Inexorable

adj. impossible to stop or prevent

89

Pertinent

adj. relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite

90

Germane

adj. relevant to a subject under consideration

91

Cagey

adj. reluctant to give information owing to caution or suspicion

92

Redress

v. remedy or set right (an undesirable or unfair situation)

93

Vestigial

adj. forming a very small remnant of something that was once much largeror more noticeable

94

Unscrupulous

adj. having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair

95

Culpability

n. responsibility for a fault or wrong; blame

96

Precept

n. a general rule intended to regulate behavior or thought; guiding principle

97

Sentinel

n. guard; sentry

98

Sentry

n. guard

99

adj. worthless or contemptible

Scurvy

100

adj. (of a person or process) diligent, thorough, and extremely attentive to details

Scrupulous

101

n. a feeling of doubter hesitation with regard to the morality or propriety of a course of action

Scruples

102

v. to prevent; stop

Scotch

103

n. a tiny trace or spark of a specified quality or feeling

Scintilla

104

n. cover for a sword

Scabbard

105

n. a proverb, maxim, or wise saying

Saw

106

adj. full of (something); (esp. of something undesirable or harmful) of common occurrence

Rife

107

adj. directed or moving backward; v. go back in position or time

Retrograde

108

adj. not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily; restrained

Reticent

109

v. vomit; n. a movement or sound of vomiting

Retching

110

adj. (of a person) unable to be still or be silent and becoming increasingly difficult to contro, esp. because of impatience, dissatisfaction, or boredoml

Restive

111

n. break or intermission; v. postpone

Respite

112

adj. existing only in theory

Notional

113

n. a medicine that is not considered effective, prepared by an unqualified person; a pet scheme, especially one for bringing about some social or political reform or improvement

Nostrum

114

adj. surprised and confused so much that they are unsure how to react

Nonplussed

115

n. a person or thing with no special or interesting qualities; a person of no importance

Nonentity

116

adj. having no special, distinctive, or interesting features

Nondescript

117

n. action in search of scandalous information

Muckraking

118

n. dominant idea in an artistic work

Motif

119

v. to go back on a promise, undertaking, or contract

Renege

120

v. tear (something) into two or more pieces; cause great emotional pain to (a person or their heart)

Rend

121

n. payment for work done

Remuneration

122

v. consign or dismiss to a lower position

Relegate

123

n. a sharp or witty reply

Rejoinder

124

n. the emblems or insignia of royalty used at a coronation (crown, sceptor)

Regalia

125

v. to entertain or amuse (someone) with talk; lavishly supply someone with food or drink

Regale

126

adj. shining brightly

Refulgent

127

n. deductive reasoning

Syllogism

128

n. a person who acts obsequiously toward someone in order to gain advantage

Sycophants

129

n. a person who is self-indulgent in their fondness for sensuous luxury

Sybarite

130

adj. bad-tempered and unfriendly; grumpy; rude

Surly

131

v. ask or beg for something earnestly or humbly

Supplicated

132

n. person who begs for something

Supplicant

133

adj. behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others; proud and haughty

Supercilious

134

adj. seeking or intended to subvert an established system or institution; rebellious

Subversive

135

n. deceit used in order to achieve one's goal; a trick

Subterfuge

136

n. support; a person's face; v. admit as acceptable or possible

Countenance

137

adj. of or during the day; active in daytime

Diurnal

138

adj. of, resembling, or relating to twilight; active at dawn and dusk

Crepuscular

139

adj. acting with or showing care and thought for the future

Prudent

140

n. absurd or nonsensical talk

Claptrap

141

n. absolute certainty or conviction that something is the case

Certitude

142

adj. abrupt or offhand in speech or manner; rude

Brusque

143

adj. beyond what is normal or natural; abnormal

Preternatural

144

n. a word used as another term for something it relates to (like Washington which refers to the Federal government)

Metonym

145

n. a thing that is helpful or beneficial; a favor or request; adj. (of a companion or friend) favorite

Boon

146

n. a sudden strong feeling of excitement of fear

Frisson

147

n. a sheet of floating ice

Floes

148

adj. brave and persistent

Doughty

149

n. branch of science concerned with things as they are perceived , consciousness

Phenomenology

150

n. boredom

Tedium

151

n. boastful person

Blowhard

152

adj. blocking

Occlusive

153

adj. slow or unable to understand; blind to some things

Purblind

154

n. abusively disparaging speech or writing; blackening someone’s name

Vilification

155

v. bitterly regret (something one has done); bitter regret

Rue

156

v. beset with difficulties; besiege; attack

Beleaguer

157

n. the use of more words than are necessary to convey meaning, either as a fault of style or for emphasis; being too verbose

Pleonasm

158

n. behavior or speech that is indiscreet or displays a lack of good judgment

Indiscretion

159

v. to beg

Cadge

160

n. beauty

Pulchritude

161

n. attractiveness; agreeableness

Comeliness

162

v. be extremely and uncritically fond of

Dote

163

adj. based on experience or observation

Empirical

164

n. decorative border

Frieze

165

v. carve or mold a design on (a surface) so that it stands out in relief; decorate with a raised design

Emboss

166

v. revoke an order; declare invalid

Countermand

167

n. skillful use of one's hands when performing conjuring tricks; deception; trickery

Legerdemain

168

n. cunning or clever device esp. used to trick or deceive others

Artifice

169

adj. deceitful

Duplicitous

170

n. deceit used in order to achieve one’s goal

Subterfuge

171

v. deal with quickly or efficiently

Dispatch

172

n. dawn

Aurora

173

adj. bitterly hostile; dangerous; harmful

Virulent

174

v. damage the reputation of (someone or something) in the opinion of others

Besmirched

175

n. dam; embankment; long wall built to prevent flooding from the sea

Dike

176

v. rub or push against gently with the nose and mouth

Nuzzle

177

v. reduce step by step

Whittle

178

v. reduce (a judicial sentence, esp. a sentence of death) to one less severe

Commute

179

n. reduction in size, extent, or importance of something

Diminution

180

v. refine an ore

Smelt

181

adj. refusal to change one’s position or mind

Adamancy

182

v. feel or express strong disapproval of something

Deplore

183

adj. relating to different churches

Ecumenical

184

adj. relating to the logical discussion of ideas and opinions; concerned or acting through opposing forces

Dialectical

185

adj. not sufficiently strict, severe, or careful; relaxed

Laxity

186

adj. impossible to stop or prevent

Inexorable

187

adj. relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite

Pertinent

188

adj. relevant to a subject under consideration

Germane

189

adj. reluctant to give information owing to caution or suspicion

Cagey

190

v. remedy or set right (an undesirable or unfair situation)

Redress

191

adj. forming a very small remnant of something that was once much largeror more noticeable

Vestigial

192

adj. having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair

Unscrupulous

193

n. responsibility for a fault or wrong; blame

Culpability

194

n. a general rule intended to regulate behavior or thought; guiding principle

Precept

195

n. guard; sentry

Sentinel

196

n. guard

Sentry