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Standard English - B2 > Weather > Flashcards

Flashcards in Weather Deck (39)
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1

talajvíztartalékok

ground water supplies

/ graʊnd ˈwɔːtə səˈplʌɪ /

It is good to have enough snow in the winter to fill the ground water supplies.

2

borult

dull

/ dʌl /

Dull weather is very depressing, so it makes most people feel down and moody.

3

árad

to flood

/ flʌd /

When a river is about to flood, people from emergency management organize sandbagging and other protective measures.

4

fülledt

sultry

/ ˈsʌltri /

Before a storm the weather often gets heavy and sultry, and people tend to become quite irritable.

5

hóvihar

blizzard

/ ˈblɪzəd /

Although there are few blizzards in Hungary, you may need emergency supplies in the car in winter in case you get trapped in one.

6

nedvesség, páratartalom

humidity

/ hjʊˈmɪdɪti /

An increase in humidity on hot days can make us very uncomfortable as the weather feels hotter and it is difficult to cool down.

7

lavina

avalanche

/ ˈavəlɑːnʃ /

It is utterly irresponsible to go skiing when there's an avalanche alert.

8

havas eső

sleet

/ sliːt /

When driving in snow, sleet or ice you should reduce your speed, increase your distance to other cars, and always brake gradually.

9

csúszós

slippery

/ ˈslɪp(ə)ri /

The elderly can easily fall and break their bones on slippery pavements in the winter.

10

zivatar, vihar

thunderstorm

/ ˈθʌndəstɔːm /

Thunderstorms can damage TV sets and computers, so people often unplug them as a precaution.

11

derült

bright

/ brʌɪt /

When the weather is bright, it is sensible to wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun's UV rays.

12

földrengés

earthquake

/ ˈəːθkweɪk /

Earthquakes are usually not very severe in Hungary, but as near as the Mediterranean they frequently cause death and serious damage.

13

hideg/meleg front

cold/warm front

/ kəʊld wɔːm frʌnt /

Both cold and warm fronts affect people's ability to concentrate as well as their reaction time.

14

talaj menti fagy

ground frost

/ graʊnd frɒst /

In the spring when the snow has melted, ground frost can easily damage some plants and crops.

15

vulkánkitörés

volcanic eruption

/ vɒlˈkanɪk ɪˈrʌpʃ(ə)n /

The ash from volcanic eruptions sometimes stops European air trafffic for days.

16

légáramlat

air current

/ ɛː ˈkʌr(ə)nt /

Warm air currents not only make us feel better in the spring but also help migrating birds fly back to us.

17

meleg/hideg/száraz/esős időszak

hot/cold/dry/wet spell

/ hɒt kəʊld drʌɪ wɛt spɛl /

It is always refreshing to have a wet spell when the weather has been hot and sunny for a long time.

18

süt (nap)

to shine

/ ʃʌɪn /

Before we learnt about the harmful rays, we thought that going out when the sun shines brightly was healthy.

19

felhőszakadás

downpour

/ ˈdaʊnpɔː /

Driving in a downpour is dangerous as you can hardly see anything and the car is difficult to control on wet sloppery roads.

20

ködös

foggy

/ ˈfɒgi /

It is a very bad idea to ride a bike when the weather is foggy because visibility is quite low, often close to zero.

21

szemerkélő eső

drizzle

/ ˈdrɪz(ə)l /

Some say that umbrellas were made for drizzles while other think that using an umbrella in a drizzle is ridiculous.

22

vénasszonyok nyara

Indian summer

/ ˈɪndɪən ˈsʌmə /

Indian summers, warm weather and sunshine in the autumn, make people feel happy and friendly, so it is easier to study or work.

23

esőzés

rainfall

/ ˈreɪnfɔːl /

If rainfall is lower than usual, the ground water supplies can run dry, resulting in drought.

24

cinami/szökőár

tsunami / tidal wave

/ tsuːˈnɑːmi ˈtʌɪd(ə)l weɪv /

The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, which hit several countries, was a deadly natural disaster that killed more than 200,000 people.

25

jégcsap

icicle

/ ˈʌɪsɪk(ə)l /

Though icicles hanging down from roofs can look very attractive, they are really dangerous and should be removed as soon as they form.

26

változékony

changeable

/ ˈtʃeɪn(d)ʒəb(ə)l /

It is sometimes difficult to decide what to wear in the spring when the weather is quite changeable.

27

fagy, nulla fok alatti hőmérséklet

frost

/ frɒst /

Sometimes it gets as cold as 20-30 degrees of frost in Hungary, but luckily this doesn't happen often.

28

éghajlat

climate

/ ˈklʌɪmət /

It is said that due to global warming, the Sahara's desert climate is moving north and may replace Hungary's continental climate.

29

időjárás-előrejelzés

weather forecast

/ ˈwɛðə ˈfɔːkɑːst /

Though weather forecasts are getting increasingly reliable, a lot of people do not trust them at all.

30

frontérzékeny

susceptible to fronts

/ səˈsɛptɪb(ə)l tuː frʌnt /

Most people seem to be susceptible to cold or warm fronts, and there are some unfortunate ones who are susceptible to both.