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Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (34):
1

Centrifugation

Separating substances of different densities by the use of a centrifuge

2

Anti-coagulated

Blood that has not clotted

3

Plasma

Serum plus clotting factors (obtained from anti-coagulated blood) (fibrinogen - clotting factor)

4

Serum

only present due to clotting (remains fluid after clotting of blood)

5

Aseptic

without contamination (sterile)

6

Immunity

condition of being immune; resistance of an organism to a specific disease

7

Temperment

peculiar behavioral character and mental cast of an animal

8

Zoonotic

disease that can be passed from animals to humans

9

Inflammation

a localized protective response elicited by injury or destruction of tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute, or wall off both the injurious agent and the injured tissue

10

Definitive diagnosis

certain (sure) diagnosis

11

Humoral Immunity

mediated by antibodies formed by antigen-specific B lymphocytes

12

Maternal Immunity

that acquired by the neonate by transplacental transfer of immunoglobulins (primates) or from ingestion of colostrum (most other mammals) or via the yolk sac (birds)

13

Passive Immunity

the transfer of antibodies from a doctor in which they were produced to a recipient for temporary immunity

14

Diluent

diluting; an agent that dilutes or renders less potent or irritant

15

Adjuvant

assisting or aiding; a substance that aids another

16

Hyperglycemia

having excess of glucose (sugar) in the blood

17

Hypoglycemia

abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood

18

Lethargic/lethargy

a condition of drowsiness; low consciousness

19

Mentation

mental activity or acuity (clarity)

20

Elicit

to draw out

21

Serologic/serological

involving examination of blood serum usually for aintibody

22

Differential diagnosis

determination of which one of several diseases may be producing the signs observed

23

Virulence

the degree of pathogenicity of a microorganism as indicated by case fatality rates and/or its ability to invade the tissues of the host

24

Fibrinogen

clotting factor

25

Guage

diameter of needle shaft (smaller number = larger circumference)

26

Hemolysis

rupture of erythrocytes (red blood cells) with release of hemoglobin

27

Aspirate

to draw forth (to suck up)

28

Cell-mediated immunity

dependent upon T lymphocytes which are sensitized by first exposure to a specific antigen

29

Lectins

any of a group of proteins especially of plants that are not antibodies and do not originate in an immune system but bind specifically to carbohydrate-containing receptors on cell surfaces (as of red blood cells)

30

Listless

lack of interest in surroundings

31

Immune mediated

caused by an unspecified immune reaction

32

Malaise

vague feeling of discomfort

33

Supportive care

the services rendered by members of the health professions for the benefit of a patient

34

Clinical diagnosis

diagnosis based on clinical signs and laboratory findings during life