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Flashcards in Week 2 Deck (53):
1

SQ (SC)

Subcutaneous - beneath layers of skin

2

IM

Intramuscular - within the substance of a muscle

3

IV

intravenous - within a vein

4

IP

intraperitoneal - within the peritoneal cavity

5

ID

intradermal - within the dermis

6

IC

intracardiac - within the heart

7

IT

intrathecal - into the spinal cord

8

IO

intraosseous - directly into marrow of bone

9

Parenteral

Going around the intestines

10

Enteral

through intestines

11

Intubation

insertion of a tube into the larynx

12

Vein

a vessel through which blood passes from various organs or parts back towards the heart

13

Artery

a thick-walled blood vessel through which the blood passes away from the heart at high pressure to the various parts of the body

14

Leverage

Lift or sustain weight at one point by means of applied force at a second point (ex: using a wall to help you push a table)

15

Brawn

Muscular strength; man power

16

Castration

excision of the gonads

17

Spay (ovariohysterectomy)

to remove the ovaries

18

Analgesia/analgesic

absence of sensibility to pain, particularly the relief of pain without loss of consciousness

19

Treatment vs Prevention

prevention - preventing the introduction of a disease into areas where is does not already exist & treatment- management and care of a patient or the combating of disease or disorder

19

IM injection - Epaxial/Lumbodorsal

Nerve concerns: superficial sensory nerve
Bony landmark: lumbar vertrbrae and Illium of pelvis

20

IM Injections - Tricep

Nerve concerns: radial nerve
Bony landmark: humerus

21

IM Injections - Quadricep

Nerve concern: sciatic nerve
Bony Landmark: femur

22

IM Injections: Hamstring

Nerve concern: sciatic nerve
Bony Landmark: femur

23

Dyspnea

Difficulty breathing

24

Hyperthermia

Increased temperature due to hyperexcitability or over exertion when struggling

25

Hypothermia

Abnormally low body temperature

26

Hyperexia

Abnormal increase in appetite

27

Hyporexia

Abnormal decrease in appetite

28

Ciliary Bodies

A thickened portion of the vascular tunic of the eye located between the choroid and the iris.

29

Asymptomatic

Exhibiting or producing no symptoms.

30

Neuter

1. Having undeveloped or imperfectly developed sexual organs.
2. Sexually undeveloped.
3. To desex an animal

31

Titer

The quantity of a substance required to react with or to correspond to a given amount of another substance.

32

Auscultation

Listening for sounds within the body, chiefly to ascertain the condition of the thoracic or abdominal viscera and to detect pregnancy.

33

Venipuncture

Surgical puncture of a vein.

34

Per os

By mouth.

35

Cyanosis

A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes due to excessive concentration of reduced hemoglobin in the blood. Used wrongly by clinicians describing skin lesions in pigs where there is severe congestion of cutaneous vessels and some leakage of blood into perivascular tissues.

36

Necrosis

The morphological changes indicative of cell death caused by progressive enzymatic degradation; it may affect groups of cells or part of a structure or an organ.

37

Defecation

Elimination of wastes and undigested food, as feces, from the rectum.

38

Mucous Membranes (mm)

The inner tissue that covers or lines body cavities or canals open to the outside, such as nose and mouth. These membranes secrete mucus and absorb water and salts.

39

Microvilli

Tiny hairlike folds in the plasma membrane that extend from the surface of many absorptive or secretory cells.

40

Skin Turgor

The resilience of the normal skin when subjected to physical distortion, such as by pinching or pressing. The relative speed with which the skin resumes its normal appearance after stretching or compression is an indicator of skin hydration

41

Micturation

Urination

42

Fractious

Inclined to make trouble; unruly

43

Antigen

Any substance capable of inducing a specific immune response and of reacting with the products of that response

44

Antibody

An immunoglobulin molecule that reacts with a specific antigen that induced its synthesis and with similar molecules; classified according to mode of action as agglutinin, bacteriolysin, hemolysin, opsonin, or precipitin. Antibodies are synthesized by B lymphocytes that have been activated by the binding of an antigen to a cell-surface receptor.

45

Jugular

1. cervical.
2. pertaining to a jugular vein.
3. a jugular vein.

46

Femoral (Medial Saphenous)

Pertaining to the femur or to the thigh.

47

Villi

Tiny, finger-like projections that enable the small intestine to absorb nutrients from food.

48

Cephalic

Pertaining to the head, or to the head end of the body.

49

Mucous

Pertaining to or resembling mucus.

50

Apneustic

Apneustic respiration (apneusis) is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by deep, gasping inspiration with a pause at full inspiration followed by a brief, insufficient release.

51

Lateral saphenous vein

It empties into the distal caudal femoral vein in carnivores or the medial circumflex femoral in pigs and ruminants

52

Mucous

Pertaining to or resembling mucus; secreting mucus