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Flashcards in Week 5 Deck (37):
1

Elasticity

the quality of being elastic

2

Hypovolemic

Having a low volume.

3

Hypervolemic

Pertaining to or characterized by hypervolemia. Hypervolemia: abnormal increase in the volume of circulating fluid (plasma) in the body.

4

Antiseptic vs disinfectant

1. preventing sepsis.
2. any substance that inhibits the growth of bacteria, in contrast to a germicide, which kills bacteria outright. Antiseptics are not considered to include antibiotics, which are usually taken internally. The term antiseptic includes disinfectants, although most disinfectants are too strong to be applied to body tissue and are generally used to clean inanimate objects such as floors and equipment. Includes physical antiseptics, chemical antiseptics, halogens, alcohols and surfactants.

5

Resistance

the natural ability of a normal organism to remain unaffected by noxious agents in its environment.

6

Enteritis

inflammation of the intestinal mucosa resulting in clinical signs of diarrhea, sometimes dysentery, abdominal pain and dehydration and electrolyte loss and imbalance.

There's more in the book on this one.

7

Ileus

Ileus is a partial or complete non-mechanical blockage of the small and/or large intestine.

8

Petechiae

Tiny purple or red spots on the skin associated with endocarditis, resulting from hemorrhages under the skin's surface.

9

Antiemetic/emetic/emesis

an agent that relieves vomiting/an agent that causes vomiting/the act of vomiting

10

Enteric

pertaining to the small intestine.

11

Peracute

very acute; a duration of a few hours only.

12

Aerosolized

Aerosolization is the process or act of converting some physical substance into the form of particles small and light enough to be carried on the air

13

Secretion vs Exretion

1. the cellular process of elaborating a specific product. This activity may range from separating a specific substance of the blood to the elaboration of a new chemical substance.
2. any substance produced by secretion.

1. the act, process or function of excreting.
2. material that is excreted.
Ordinarily, what is meant by excretion is the evacuation of feces.

14

Viscera

Plural of viscus (any large interior organ in any of the great body cavities, especially those in the abdomen)

15

Neonates

a newborn animal. The duration of the state of neonaticity varies between 48 hours for a chicken and about 4 weeks for mammals, depending on the ability of the animal to survive without its dam.

16

Anaphylaxis/anaphylactic

an unusual or exaggerated allergic reaction of an animal to foreign protein or other substances. (more in book)./pertaining to anaphylaxis.

17

Slough

1. a mass of dead tissue in, or cast out from, living tissue.
2. to shed or cast off.

18

Shock

a condition of acute peripheral circulatory failure due to derangement of circulatory control or loss of circulating fluid. It is marked by hypotension, coldness of the skin and tachycardia.

19

Stomatitis

inflammation of the mucosa of the mouth. It may be caused by one of many diseases of the mouth or it may accompany another disease. Both gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and glossitis (inflammation of the tongue) are forms of stomatitis as are palatitis (or lampas in horses) and cheilitis (inflammation of lips).

20

Fluctuant

pertaining to a wavelike motion that is detected when a structure containing a liquid is palpated.

21

Parenteral vs Enteral

not through the alimentary canal vs within, by way of, or pertaining to the intestine.

22

Rhinitis

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose. It may be mild and chronic, or acute. There are signs of wheezing, sneezing and respiratory stertor at all levels. There is a strong nasal discharge which may be serous to purulent.

23

Fatal

causing death; deadly; mortal; lethal.

24

Superficial

situated on or near the surface.

25

Aspirate

To take in or remove by aspiration. A substance removed by aspiration.

26

Linea alba

a narrow ridge or streak on a surface, as of the body or a bone or other organ; a line.

27

Excision

removal, as of an organ, by cutting which may be by steel scalpel, cryosurgery or electrosurgery.

28

Dehydration

the state when the body loses more water than it takes in. (More in the book)

29

Hypo/Hypervolemia

abnormally decreased volume of circulating fluid (plasma) in the body./abnormal increase in the volume of circulating fluid (plasma) in the body.

30

Paralysis

loss or impairment of motor function in a part due to a lesion of the neural or muscular mechanism; also, by analogy, impairment of sensory function (sensory paralysis).

31

Gingivitis

a general term for inflammation of the gums, of which bleeding is one of the primary signs. Other signs include swelling, redness, pain and difficulty in chewing.

32

Benign

(of a tumor) noncancerous and therefore not a direct threat to life, even though treatment eventually may be required for health or cosmetic reasons.

33

Chronic vs Acute

persisting for a long time; the period is undefined and varies with circumstances; usually more than one week. vs 1. brief. 2. common usage is 'having severe signs and a short course of 12 to 24 hours'.

34

Endotoxin

a heat-stable toxin present in the intact bacterial cell but not in cell-free filtrates of cultures of intact bacteria. It is the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of gram-negative outer membranes. Also called O antigen. It is pyrogenic and increases capillary permeability through stimulation of tumor necrosis factor alpha release.

35

Tracheitis

inflammation of the trachea; characterized by cough, pain and coughing on compression of the trachea and, in severe cases with obstruction of the airway, dyspnea.

36

Susceptible

readily affected or acted upon; lacking immunity or resistance

37

Peritoneal cavity

(spelled wrong on the sheet, spelled right here) the potential space between the parietal and the visceral peritoneum.