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Flashcards in Week 7 Deck (23):
1

Prophylactic

1. tending to ward off disease; pertaining to prophylaxis.
2. an agent that tends to ward off disease.

2

Embolus

a clot or other plug, usually part or all of a thrombus, brought by the blood from another vessel and forced into a smaller one, thus obstructing circulation.

3

Dilution

1. reduction of concentration of an active substance by admixture of a neutral agent.
2. a substance that has undergone dilution.

4

Thrombus

an aggregation of blood factors, primarily platelets and fibrin with entrapment of cellular elements, frequently causing vascular obstruction at the point of its formation. The lesion and the syndrome produced by the thrombus depend on its location, e.g. pulmonary artery

5

Preprandial

before meals

6

Auditory ossicles

the malleus, incus and stapes, the three small bones of the tympanic cavity of the ear. They form a connecting bony system from the tympanic membrane to the oval window that is the opening to the internal ear.

7

Otitis externa

inflammation of the external ear characterized by frequent shaking of the head, pawing at the ear, intermittent rotation of the head with the affected ear down, pain on palpation of canal, bad odor and discharge. Called also swimmer's ear.

8

Polyp

1. any growth or mass protruding from a mucous membrane. Polyps may be attached to a membrane by a thin stalk, in which case they are known as pedunculated polyps, or may have a broad base (sessile polyps). (more in book)

9

Hematoma

a localized collection of extravasated blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space or tissue. Contusions (bruises) are familiar forms of hematoma that are seldom serious. Hematomas can occur almost anywhere on the body; they are almost always present with a fracture and are especially serious when they occur inside the skull, where they may produce local pressure on the brain.

10

Ataxia/ataxic

failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscular action./Of, relating to, or characterized by ataxia.

11

Otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear.(more in book)

12

Cytology

the study of cells, their origin, structure, function and pathology

13

Cerumen

a waxy secretion of the glands of the external acoustic meatus; ear wax.

14

Ablation

1. separation or detachment; extirpation; eradication.
2. removal, especially by cutting.

15

Otitis interna

labrynthitis; usually due to an extension of otitis media. Clinical signs include varying degrees of peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Deafness may also occur. Called also otitis labyrinthica

16

Hirsute

shaggy. Hairy.

17

Stenosis

narrowing or contraction of a body passage or opening. See also specific anatomical sites.

18

Tympanic membrane

a thin, semitransparent membrane, nearly oval in shape, that stretches across the ear canal separating the middle ear from the external acoustic meatus (outer ear); called also the eardrum. (more in book)

19

Otitis

inflammation of the ear

20

Aural

pertaining to the ear

21

Bilateral

having two sides. Pertaining to both sides.

22

Anorexia

lack or loss of appetite for food. (more in book)

23

Ulceration

1. formation or development of an ulcer.
2. an ulcer.