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Nurse 146 Nursing Care Of The Older Adult > Week 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 5 Deck (24)
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1
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to impaired blood flow?

A

The thickening of the valve leaflets

2
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to Decreased HR in response to exercise?

A

A decreased response to catecholamines

3
Q

What two aspects of primary aging leads to Decreased Contractile force?

A

Thickened left ventricle and stiffened pericardium

4
Q

What is secondary to decreased contractile force?

A

Decreased Cardiac output

5
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to dysrhythmias?

A

Decreased number of pacemaker cells

6
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to an increased risk for atherosclerosis

A

Arteries become stiff and tortuous

7
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to increased orthostatic changes?

A

Blunted baroreceptor response

8
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to a risk for varicosities

A

Dilation of veins

9
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to a risk for peripheral edema and decreased blood return?

A

Incompetent valves

10
Q

What side of the body is more prone to peripheral edema?

A

The right side

11
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to decreased lung expansion?

A

Calcification of ribs and Vertebral joints

12
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to thicker mucus?

A

Body water is reduced by 50% at age 70

13
Q

What aspects of primary aging leads to Decreased respiratory effort?

A
  • Elastin and collagen loose tensile strength

- Respiratory muscle atrophy and fatigue

14
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to increased obstruction of nasal passages?

A

Change in nasal structure

15
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to an ineffective mucus escalator?

A

A decrease in cillia

16
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to a decreased response to hypoxia/hypercapnia?

A

Decreased tidal volume

17
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to prolonged expiratory time?

A

Residual volume increases

18
Q

What aspects of primary aging leads to less area for gas exchange?

A
  • the alveoli become less elastic

- and there are fewer functional capillaries

19
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to the need to use accessory muscles while at the same time lung capacity stays the same?

A

Inspiration becomes less powerful and expiration is no longer passive

20
Q

What are some nursing managements to help reduce cardiac workload

A

Space activities

encourage regular light physical activity

21
Q

What are some nursing managements to improve/maintain function

A

loose weight

22
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to Difficulty swallowing and speaking?

A

Lose or fracture of teeth

23
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to dry mouth and altered digestion

A

Decreased salivary gland production

24
Q

What aspect of primary aging leads to possible Changes in appetite

A

Decreased number of taste buds