What is Negligence?
- Performing an act that a reasonably Prudent person under similar circumstances would not do.
- Failing to perform an act that a reasonable prudent person under similar circumstances would do
What is false imprisonment?
What is Assault?
Threat of unpermitted touching
What is battery?
intentional touching without consent
What is informed consent?
Consent obtained by a person performing treatment/task.
What two things need to accompany informed consent?
- voluntary Verbal or communicated consent
What is Durable Power of Attorney? (DPOA)
A type of advanced directive legal document that enables an individual to designate another person to act on his/her behalf even in the event that the individual becomes disabled or incapacitated
The person with the designated power of attorney is referred to as the ___
What is a Living will
A type type of advanced directive legal document that informs others as to what the patient wants to happen in certain situations.
What is a DNR
A do not resuscitate order. Means that medical personnel are not to preform any time of resuscitation in the event that the patients heart stops
How is a DNR obtained?
Through the order of a Physician
What is a POLST?
Similar to a DNR but has specifics beyond the heart stopping. Gives clear directions to medical personnel on how to act in specific life ending situations on a terminal patient
How many states use and honor POLST?
What is a vulnerable Adult
Any adult at risk of abuse who, due to age and/or disability, is unable to protect themselves
What is the provider or any employee/caregiver/ or family morally obligated to do if they notice abuse to a vulnerable adult?
The MUST report it.
What is the number to report abuse of vulnerable adults?
what does the national center for elder abuse focus on?
They focus on prevention
What is physical abuse?
Use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain, or impairment
What is sexual abuse?
Non-consensual sexual conduct of ANY kind
The usual culprit of sexual abuse is
What is emotional/psychological abuse?
Infliction of anguish, pain, or distress through verbal or non-verbal acts
Who is most likely to inflict emotional/psychological abuse?
What is caregiver neglect?
Refusal or failure to fulfill obligations or duties
What is abandonment?
What is financial or material exploitation?
illegal or improper use of funds, property, or assets of a vulnerable adult
What is self-neglect
Behavior that threatens the patients own health or safety
60-70% of reported abuse is what?
What are some characteristics of Victims?
- Decreased ability to complete ADL’s
- Cognitive Defects
- History of childhood trauma
- Depression or other disorders
- social isolation
- History of substance abuse
80% of abuse cases involve ____ as the perp?
What is a scenario of suspected elder abuse?
Elder has bruises of unknown origins, wont make eye contact, and family member refuses to leave the elders side
Perpetrators normally have a long history of _____with the victim
What is a common cause of neglect that comes from family but is not necessarily caused by ill intent