Week 6: Psych Assessment/Post-Freudian Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 6: Psych Assessment/Post-Freudian Deck (59):
1

What caused a rift between Freud and Jung?

Jung's psychology of the unconscious - each were unable to admit the other could be wrong

2

What is the collective unconscious?

Reservoir of our experiences as a species, a kind of knowledge with which we are all born

3

What does the collective unconscious contain?

- memories
- ideas
- emotions inherited from our ancestors
- archetypes

4

What are archetypes?

Forms or symbols that are manifested by all people in all cultures

5

List some examples of collective unconscious

- experiences of love at first sight
- deja vu
- creative experiences
- near death experience
- parallels in dreams, fantasies, mythologies and literature

6

What are archetypal behaviours?

Typical, eternally repeated behaviours among human beings

7

What are the four main archetypes?

- the self
- the persona
- the anima and animus
- the shadow

8

Describe the self

The archetype that represents the transcendence of all opposites, so that every aspect of personality is expressed equally. The goal of life is to realise the self.

9

Describe the persona

- the mask you put on before you show yourself to the world
- your public image

10

When can problems occur between the persona and the self?

When there is disconcordance between them - when our persona differs too much from our self - psychopathology like anxiety or depression can occur

11

What is meant by anima/animus?

- we are initially neither male or female
- society gradually moulds us into either

12

Anima

Female aspect in the collective unconscious of men

13

Animus

Male aspect in the collective unconscious of women

14

Describe the shadow

- from our prehuman, animal past
- dark side of the ego and the evil we are capable of; contains animal urges
- can be a source of creativity

15

List some other archetypes

- father and child
- the hero
- faithful animal
- trickster

16

Describe the mother archetype

Our ability to recognise the relationship of mothering; if our own mother failed to meet the demands of the archetype, it may be that they spend time in the church, ocean, motherland, or meditating with mary

17

When did Jung say major personality changes take place?

Between the ages of 35 and 40

18

How does personality develop in the first half of life?

We focus on the objective world

19

How does personality develop in the second half of life?

We focus on fulfilling our capacities

20

What is meant by individuation?

Becoming a whole being: the need to integrate the contents of the unconscious with the conscious mind

21

What were Jung's main tools for assessment and therapy?

Free association, world association and dream analysis

22

What is free association?

Saying whatever comes to mind

23

What is word association?

Saying the first thing that comes to mind when you hear a specific word

24

What is dream analysis?

Interpreting dreams, looking for symbolism, etc

25

What are Jung's psychological types?

- introverted vs. extroverted
- thinking vs. feeling
- intuition vs. sensation

26

Describe someone who is extroverted (Jung)

- focus on external world
- external activities and social involvement
- more energised when around people
- don't like spending too much time alone

27

Describe someone who is introverted (Jung)

- focus on inner, subjective world
- more interested in thinking and reflecting
- dreamer
- reading & ideas

28

Describe a thinking person (Jung)

Intellectual cognition, forms logical conclusions, conscious calculation, reason, rational processes

29

Describe a feeling person (Jung)

Subjective, emotional evaluation, gut feelings, empathic

30

Describe someone driven by intuition (Jung)

Unconscious drives, abstract, theoretical, future orientated, trust insight, more subjective

31

Describe someone driven by sensation (Jung)

How we sense the world, through our senses, how we know something exists, information that is tangible

32

How many personality combinations did Jung come up with?

8

33

What are some criticisms of Jung's personality types?

- based on clinical observation
- introspection
- anecdote
- hypothetical theory and difficult to verify

34

List some ways of evaluating personality

- tests
- interviews
- observation
- physiological recordings
- intelligence tests

35

What are the three common personality tests?

- myers-briggs
- MMPI
- big 5

36

Briefly describe some differences between Freud and Jung

- different ideas about the libido and religion
-Jung deemphasised sexual development and focused on the collective unconscious - Jung's work = more mystical and scientific
- Freud said complexes arise due to childhood traumas; Jung said that these come from the collective unconscious

37

Briefly describe Jung's theory of personality

- symbolism and culture
- conscious relationship with unconscious forces

38

Define individuation

Becoming a whole being; integrating the contents of the unconscious with the conscious mind

39

Define reliability

The degree to which an assessment tool produces stable and consistent results

40

Define test-retest reliability

Measure of stability obtained by administering the same test twice over a period of time to a group

41

Define inter-rater reliability

Used to assess the degree to which raters differ in their decisions

42

Define internal consistency

Used to evaluate the degree to which different test items that probe the same construct provide consistent results

43

Define validity

How well a test measures what it is supposed to

44

Define face validity

A measure appears to be assessing the intended construct under study

45

Define construct validity

Does it measure what it is supposed to and not other variables?

46

Define criterion validity?

Used to predict future or current performance and correlate test results with other criterions of interest

47

What is the MBTI?

The Myers Briggs Trait Inventory is a self report questionnaire created by Katherine Cook Biggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs-Myers. It includes introversion and extroversion, sensing and intuition, thinking and feeling, and perceiving and judgement.

48

Describe an introvert (MBTI)

- expends energy through action
- prefers to reflect before and after action
- needs quiet time to rebuilt energy
- thought oriented
- seeks depth of knowledge
- prefers substantial interaction

49

Describe an extrovert (MBTI)

- draws energy from action
- motivation declines if inactive
- needs breaks from reflection to rebuild energy
- prefers frequent interaction
- gets energy and recharges from being with people

50

Describe a sensing person (MBTI)

- more likely to trust tangible info
- distrust hunches
- prefer details and facts
- meaning is in the data

51

Describe an intuitive person (MBTI)

- more likely to trust info that can be associated with other and is not reliant on symptoms
- more interested in future possibilities
- meaning is in underlying theory and principles which are manifested in the data

52

Describe a thinking person (MBTI)

- tend to decide things from a more detached standpoint
- logical, reasonable, causal and consistent
- concern for the truth
- has trouble interacting with people who are illogical

53

Describe a feeling person (MBTI)

- tend to become to decisions by associating or empathising with the situation from an internal view

54

Describe a perceiving person (MBTI)

Preference for sensing and intuition

55

Describe a judgemental person (MBTI)

Preference for thinking or feeling

56

Describe the construct validity of the MBTI

- should be four clusters
- factors should be independent
- should be small measurement error

57

Describe the verdict of the usefulness of the MBTI

There is no evidence that the MBTI measures anything of value and no evidence for the utility of the test

58

Reliability of the MBTI

Profiles not change over time, because type theory is based on innate tendencies

59

Jung's personal unconscious

Composed of repressed element's from one's life