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Flashcards in week 9 part 1 neuro Deck (65)
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1

Define Cord concussion:

Results in a temporary disruption of cord-mediated functions

2

Define Cord contusion:

Bruising of the neural tissue causing swelling and temporary loss of cord-mediated function

3

Define Cord compression:

Pressure on the cord causing ischemia to tissues; must be relieved (decompression) to prevent permanent damage to the spinal cord

4

Define Laceration as it results to spinal cord injuries:

Tearing of the neural tissues of the spinal cord; may be reversible if only slight damage is sustained by the neural tissues; may result in permanent loss of cord-mediated functions if spinal tracts are disrupted

5

Define Transection as it relates to spinal cord injuries:

Severing of the spinal cord, causing permanent loss of function

6

When all tracts in the spinal cord completely disrupted; all cord-mediated functions below the transection are completely and permanently lost this is defined as:

A complete transection

7

When some tracts in the spinal cord remain intact, together with functions mediated by these tracts; has the potential for recovery although function is temporarily lost this is defined as:

Incomplete transection

8

When there is some demonstrable sensation below the level of injury this is defined as:

A transection with preserved sensation only

9

When preserved motor function without useful purpose; sensory function may or may not be preserved this is defined as:

Transection with preserved motor nonfunctional

10

When a spinal injury occurs with preserved voluntary motor function that is functionally useful this is defined as:

Preserved motor functional

11

Define hemorrhage as it relates to spinal cord injuries:

Bleeding into the neural tissue because of blood vessel damage; usually no major loss of function

12

Damage or obstruction of spinal blood supply causes:

local ischemia

13

T or F: All forms of injury can cause spinal cord edema, further decreasing blood flow and oxygenation.

TRUE

14

Direct compression of neural elements by bone fragments, disc material, and ligaments damages (the CNS, PNS or both)?

both the central and peripheral nervous systems.

15

Loss of autoregulation and spinal shock cause_______________________________

systemic hypotension and exacerbate ischemia

16

T or F: All motor, sensory, reflex, and autonomic functions cease below any transected area and may cease below concussive, contused, compressed, or ischemic areas.

TRUE

17

Loss of motor and sensory function depends on________________

the level of injury.

18

The result of this type of spinal cord injury is absent motor function, sensory, and pressured (“touch”) sensation and position and vibratory perception to all body areas innervated by the spinal cord tissue below the level of disruption.

A complete injury

19

This type of injury results in spinal cord injury can be defined as one in which there is a variable degree of loss of function secondary to partial cord disruption of the spinal cord (some pathways of neurological function are intact, some are disrupted either permanently or transiently).

An incomplete injury

20

Define Central Cord Syndrome:

Type of injury that results from hyperextension

21

______________ is Characterized by disproportionately greater motor impairment of the upper than the lower extremities with variable sensory loss below the level of injury, and central hemorrhagic necrosis and swelling

central cord syndrome

22

Define Sacral Sparing:

Important determinants of an incomplete lesion of the spinal cord are preservation of voluntary rectal sphincter tone and perianal sensation

23

____________ is a type of injury that results from hyperflexion

Anterior Cord Syndrome

24

This type of injury is characterized by variable loss of motor and sensory function below the level of injury, posterior column function is maintained. Patient will present with a variable degree, perhaps even complete loss of motor and sensory function below the level of injury to the spinal cord, but the ability to perceive light touch and position sense distal to the injury is maintained.

Anterior Cord Syndrome

25

This injury is typically the result of a penetrating injury which has damaged one side of the cord and is characterized by motor loss on the same side and sensory loss on the opposite side of the injury.

Brown Sequard Syndrome

26

T or F: Damage to the spinal cord can affect the area corresponding to the dermatomes but not the area below it.

FALSE. Damage to the spinal cord can affect the area corresponding to the dermatomes and the area below it.

27

What will happen if cervical spinal nerves are damaged?

cervical spinal nerves affect the head, arms, and hands, so these areas of the body will be affected

28

What will happen if the thoracic spinal nerves are damaged?

the thoracic spinal nerves affect the chest and abdominal region of the body

29

What will happen if lumbar spinal nerves are damaged?

lumbar spinal nerves generally innervates the legs-damage to this region of the body

30

The_____________ nerves generally innervate the groin.

sacral spinal