Flashcards in Week Four: Breath Of Fresh Air Deck (86)
What is respiration
Exchange of gases between the atmosphere and body cells
What is ventilation
Mechanical process of breathing
Bringing fresh air into the lungs
What are the structures in the upper respiratory tract
What are the structures of the lower respiratory tract
What are the fictions of the nose?
Air enters and exits the body through the nose
What are the functions of nasal turbinates?
Warm, humidify, and filter air
Combining forms for nose
What are the external openings of the nose?
What are the functions of sinuses?
Generate and store mucus
Makes the bones of the skull lighter
Combining forms for sinuses
Where is the frontal sinus
Between nasal cavity and orbit
Where is the maxillary sinus
Between nasal cavities
What are the four other sinuses
Where is the pharynx
Area at the back of the nasal cavity and mouth (where they meet) that leads to the larynx
Combining form for pharynx
What is the pharynx in laymans terms
What is the function of the soft palate
During swallowing it moves dorsally and caudally to block the nasopharynx
Prevents food from entering nasal cavity
Combining form for palate
What is the function of the epiglottis
Covers the larynx during swallowing
Allows food to enter the esophagus
Combining form for epiglottis
Where is the larynx
Between pharynx and trachea
Combining form for larynx
What is larynx is laymans terms and what does it contain
What is the space between the vocal cords called
Where is the trachea and what are it's functions?
Extends from neck to chest
Passes air from larynx to respiratory structures in thoracic cavity
Combining form for trachea
What is the trachea is laymans terms
The trachea divides into two branches at the tracheal bifurcation to form what?
Combining form for bronchi