Week Four: Breath Of Fresh Air Flashcards Preview

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What is respiration

Exchange of gases between the atmosphere and body cells

1

What is ventilation

Mechanical process of breathing
Bringing fresh air into the lungs

2

What are the structures in the upper respiratory tract

Nose
Mouth
Pharynx
Epiglottis
Larynx

3

What are the structures of the lower respiratory tract

Trachea*
Bronchial tree
Lungs

4

What are the fictions of the nose?

Air enters and exits the body through the nose

5

What are the functions of nasal turbinates?

Warm, humidify, and filter air

6

Combining forms for nose

Nas/o
Rhin/o

7

What are the external openings of the nose?

Nares

8

What are the functions of sinuses?

Generate and store mucus
Makes the bones of the skull lighter

9

Combining forms for sinuses

Sinus/o

10

Where is the frontal sinus

Between nasal cavity and orbit

11

Where is the maxillary sinus

Between nasal cavities

12

What are the four other sinuses

Sphenoid
Palatine
Lacrimal
Conchal

13

Where is the pharynx

Area at the back of the nasal cavity and mouth (where they meet) that leads to the larynx

14

Combining form for pharynx

Pharyng/o

15

What is the pharynx in laymans terms

Throat

16

What is the function of the soft palate

During swallowing it moves dorsally and caudally to block the nasopharynx
Prevents food from entering nasal cavity

17

Combining form for palate

Palat/o

18

What is the function of the epiglottis

Covers the larynx during swallowing
Allows food to enter the esophagus

19

Combining form for epiglottis

Epiglott/o

20

Where is the larynx

Between pharynx and trachea

21

Combining form for larynx

Laryng/o

22

What is larynx is laymans terms and what does it contain

Voice box
Vocal cords

23

What is the space between the vocal cords called

Glottis

24

Where is the trachea and what are it's functions?

Extends from neck to chest
Passes air from larynx to respiratory structures in thoracic cavity

25

Combining form for trachea

Trache/o

26

What is the trachea is laymans terms

Windpipe

27

The trachea divides into two branches at the tracheal bifurcation to form what?

Bronchi

28

Combining form for bronchi

Bronch/o

29

Bronchi continue to get smaller on diameter until they become what

Bronchioles