Week Eight: Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

Med Term 2 (AC) > Week Eight: Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week Eight: Endocrine System Deck (60)
Loading flashcards...
0

What are hormones?

Ductless glands that secrete chemical messengers

1

What does -crine mean

Secrete

2

Combining form for pituitary gland

Pituit/o

3

What does the hypothalamus do?

Secretes releasing and inhibiting factors that affect release of substances from pituitary gland

4

What is the master gland and what does it do

Hypophysis
Secretes many hormones that control other glands in system

5

What is TSH and what does it do

Thyroid stimulating hormone
Produces thyroid hormones, stimulates growth and secretions of thyroid

6

What is ACTH and what does it do

Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Stimulates growth and secretions of the adrenal cortex

7

What is FSH and what does it do

Follicle stimulating hormone
Produces sex cells

8

What is LH and what does it do

Luteinizing hormone
Stimulates ovulation and aids in maintenance of pregnancy

9

What is ICSH and what does it do

Interstitial cell stimulating hormone
Stimulates testosterone secretion

10

What does prolactin do

Stimulates milk secretion/production and influences maternal behavior

11

What is GH and what does it do

Growth hormone
Growth factor

12

What is MSH and what does it do

Melanocyte stimulating hormone
Stimulates production I melanin

13

What is ADH and what does it do

Antidiuretic hormone
Reabsorption of water

14

What does oxytocin do

Causes uterine contractions and helps with milk let down

15

What does adenohypophysis do

Is it direct or indirect acting

Produces hormones
Indirect acting hormones

16

What does neurohypophysis do

Is it direct or indirect acting

Stores as secretes hormones in response to neurologic stimulus

Direct acting hormones

17

What is the butterfly shaped gland called

Thyroid

18

What does the thyroid gland secrete

Triiodothyronine (T3)
Thyroxine (T4)
Calcitonin

19

What does triiodothyronine do?

Regulates metabolism

20

What does thyroxine do

Regulates metabolism

21

What does calcitonin

Promotes absorption of calcium from blood into bones

22

Combining forms for thyroid

Thyr/o
Thyroid/o

23

What does the parathyroid gland do

Secretes parathormone
Pulls calcium from bones into blood stream

24

Combining form form parathyroid gland

Parathyroid/o

25

The cortex is the ______ layer of the adrenal glands

Outside

26

The medulla is the ______ layer of adrenal glands

Middle

27

What does the adrenal cortex secrete

Mineralocoeicoids, glucocorticoids, and androgens

28

Androgens are what?

Sex specific traits

29

The adrenal medulla secretes what

Epinephrine and norepinephrine