Flashcards in Week Two: Hematologic, Lymphatic, And Immune System Deck (74)
What is the purpose of blood?
Supplies body tissues with oxygen, nutrients, and various chemicals
Transports waste products to the appropriate waste system
What does blood consist of?
Formed elements (cells) and liquid (plasma)
What are the combining forms for blood?
Hem/I and hemat/o
What is the liquid portion or blood?
Plasma and serum
What is plasma?
When all clotting factors are present
What is serum?
When clotting factors are used up or removed
What are the clotting proteins?
Fibrinogen and prothrombin
What is erythro/o
What are erythrocytes?
What do they do?
Red blood cells (RBC)
Carry oxygen to tissues on hemoglobin
What are leukocytes?
What do they do?
White blood cells (WBC)
Divided into granulocytes and agranulocytes
What are platelets?
Forms mechanical part of clot, pieces of cytoplasm
These are examples of granulocytes
Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
Agranulocytes do not contain ________
These are examples
What do eosinophils do? What do they look like
Barebell shaped, stain red
What do basophils do? What do they look like?
Increases blood flow, contains histamine and heparin
What are monocytes?
Eat big things, have a chunky nucleus and lots of cytoplasm (fried eggy)
What are lymphocytes
Can't eat things, too small, have a round nucleus, produces antibodies
Exotics don't have _______ but instead have ________.
What is the combining form for formation?
Blood is formed in what?
What is the comvining form for bone marrow?
Where does red bone marrow live?
In cancellous bone
What is coagulation?
The process of clotting
Blood can be mixed with what to prevent clotting?
What is EDTA?
Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid
What are the most common anticoagulants?
EDTA and heparin
What is hematology?
Study of blood (what's in it, how much water, cells, ect.)
What is morphology?
Study of shape and size of cell (does it look normal)
What is anemia?
Deficiency of RBC