Week Two: Hematologic, Lymphatic, And Immune System Flashcards Preview

Med Term 2 (AC) > Week Two: Hematologic, Lymphatic, And Immune System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week Two: Hematologic, Lymphatic, And Immune System Deck (74)
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0

What is the purpose of blood?

Supplies body tissues with oxygen, nutrients, and various chemicals

Transports waste products to the appropriate waste system

1

What does blood consist of?

Formed elements (cells) and liquid (plasma)

2

What are the combining forms for blood?

Hem/I and hemat/o

3

What is the liquid portion or blood?

Plasma and serum

4

What is plasma?

When all clotting factors are present

5

What is serum?

When clotting factors are used up or removed

6

What are the clotting proteins?

Fibrinogen and prothrombin

7

What is erythro/o

Red

8

What are erythrocytes?
What do they do?

Red blood cells (RBC)
Carry oxygen to tissues on hemoglobin

9

What are leukocytes?
What do they do?

White blood cells (WBC)
Fight disease
Divided into granulocytes and agranulocytes

10

What are platelets?

Clotting cells
Thrombocytes
Forms mechanical part of clot, pieces of cytoplasm

11

Granulocytes contain________.

These are examples of granulocytes

Grains

Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils

12

Agranulocytes do not contain ________

These are examples

Grains

Monocytes, lymphocytes

13

What do eosinophils do? What do they look like

Prevents inflammation

Barebell shaped, stain red

14

What do basophils do? What do they look like?

Blue/purple stain
Increases blood flow, contains histamine and heparin

15

What are monocytes?

Eat big things, have a chunky nucleus and lots of cytoplasm (fried eggy)

16

What are lymphocytes

Can't eat things, too small, have a round nucleus, produces antibodies

17

Exotics don't have _______ but instead have ________.

Neutrophils, heterophils

18

What is the combining form for formation?

-poiesis

19

Blood is formed in what?

Bone marrow

20

What is the comvining form for bone marrow?

Myel/o

21

Where does red bone marrow live?

In cancellous bone

22

What is coagulation?

The process of clotting

23

Blood can be mixed with what to prevent clotting?

Anticoagulant

24

What is EDTA?

Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid

25

What are the most common anticoagulants?

EDTA and heparin

26

What is hematology?

Study of blood (what's in it, how much water, cells, ect.)

27

What is morphology?

Study of shape and size of cell (does it look normal)

28

What is anemia?

Deficiency of RBC

29

What is edema?

Accumulation if fluid (like swelling)