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Flashcards in Week Nine: Null And Void Deck (82)
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What is the main responsibility for the urinary system

Removal of wastes from the body

1

What is the major waste product of protein metabolism

Urea

2

Combining forms for urine/urinary organs

Urin/o and ur/o

3

Urinary organs maintain proper balance of...

Water
Electrolytes
Acids in body fluids

4

Where is urine formed

Kidneys

5

Explain the flow of urine starting at the kidneys

Formed in kidneys
Flows trough ureters to urinary bladder
Stored in urinary bladder
Flows through the urethra and outside the body

6

Combining forms for kidney

Ren/o and nephr/o

7

Kidneys are located in what cavity

Retroperitoneal

8

Blood flows intro each kidney through the...

Renal artery

9

Blood leaves the kidney via the...

Renal vein

10

What is the outer layer of the kidney

Cortex

11

Where is the majority of nephrons located

Renal cortex

12

What is the inner layer of the kidneys called

Medulla

13

The medulla contains most of the...

Collecting tubules

14

What is a nephron

Functional unit of kidney

15

Where does filtration take place in a nephron

In the glomerulus

16

Where does reabsorption take place in a nephron

Proximal convoluted tubule
Loop of henle
Collecting tubule

17

Where does secretion take place in a nephron

Distal convoluted tubule

18

Combining form for glomerulus

Glomerul/o

19

What is the cluster of capillaries surrounded by bowmans capsule called

Glomerulus

20

What does glomerul/o mean

Wind into a ball

21

Plural form of glomerulus

Glomeruli

22

Combining form for renal pelvis

Pyel/o

23

What is the area of the kidney where the nephrons collect before entering ureters

Renal pelvis

24

What is the calyce

Cup that collects urine from the kidney

25

Singular form of calyces

Calyx

26

What is the point of attachment of renal blood vessels, nerves, and ureter

Hilus

27

Cattle have what type of kidneys

Lobulated

28

Right kidney of horses is _____ shaped

Heart

29

Combining form for ureters

Ureter/o