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Flashcards in Wellness Diet Deck (18)
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What is wellness

It is a healthy balance of the mind, body and spirit that results in an overall feeling of well being. Encompasses emotional, physical and mental health.


What is wellness food

Can be complete diet or supplements,
MAY promote well being / longevity / health
Prevention, but not the treatment or curing of any acute condition or specific health event.


Give an example of a functional wellness food?

Probiotic / Prebiotic


What is a probiotic and give 2 examples

A viable microbial supplement which helps benefit the host through it's effects with the GIT - ie) lactobacillus / bifidobacteria


Name some functions of Probiotics

alleviate lactose intolerance
immune enhancement - reduction of risk of disease ie) rotavirus induced diarrhea / colon cancer


What is a prebiotic?

A non digestible food ingredient that beneficially affects the host by selectively stimulating the growth and / or activity of one or a limited number of bacteria in the colon.


What is an example of a prebiotic?

Inulin type fructans (enzymatically hydrolyzed) SC / LC fructans


What are some functions of prebiotics

Large bowel health
increase disease risk
Constipation relief
Reduce the risk of obesity
Reduce the risk of Type two diabetes


What is a neutraceutical

It is any food / substance / vitamin / mineral given to improve the health / well being of an animal.
Backed by scientific foundation - goes beyond nutritional effect.


What is the leading cause of vision impairment in older dogs / sometimes cats (rare)? What happens?

Cataracts - causes opacity in the lens causing scattering of light.


What are some natural supplements that decrease risk of vision loss

Omega 3 FA DHA / EPA
Vitamin C, E
Lycopene (red carrots, carotenoid, tomatoes)
Carotenoid (Lutein and zeaxanthin) via yellow carrots, spinach, kale)
Flavonoids such as billberry, black current, green tea, french maritine pine


What are EFA essential for?

Supporting skin/ coat health
Skin is sensitive to inappropriate dietary levels of EFA
EFA deficiency leads to congenital hair loss, scaly skin.
Omega 3 capable of modifing inflammatory skin responses in healthy canine
FOUND IN FLAXSEED oil and salmon


What are some cognitive supplements?

These enhance cognitive / learning ability - boost NT function / learning promote circulation and decfrease the effects of stressors.

vitamin A, C, E, inositol, omega 3 FA,phosphatidylserine (PS) Cu, Zn, Se


What is phosphatidylserine

neutraceutical for brain aging
Isolated from phospholipids in the biological membrane
especially in synaptic zones in the brain (most prevalent 10-20% of brain cell membranes)


What is the proposed mechanism of action for PS

Activation of cell membrane proteins
Involved in conduction of nerve stimulus and response via neurotransmitter biosynthesis / release.


Name some key joint health ingredients

MSM (methylsulfonylmethane), glucosamine chondroitin, hyaluronic acid (HA), collagen type 2, Green lipped mussel
Due to anti inflammatory properties:
Omega 3 FA, Capsaicin, Yucca, Boswellia


Whats a biomarker

it's a measurement used to assess any functional ingredient ability or their bioactive components
Almost any measurement that reflects a change in a biochemical process, structure or function that results from an interaction between a biological system and an agent including diet.


What does Manganese, EPA and methionine each do to prevent osteoarthritis

EPA - suppresses inflammatory cytokine production and degredative cartilege enzymes
Manganese- helps play a role in proteoglycan synthesis
Methionine - provides free sulfate for cartilege maintenance