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Flashcards in Women In Medieval Deck (9)
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First paragraph (structures of society)

The 3 orders included no women in the estate they are separate waste all together (shakar) different legal status - disadvantage but not downtrodden
Celibacy became essential - original sin


Paragraph 2 (law/sources)

Dependent on men - not allowed to do anything with their property
In sources only 3% written about women - queens and abbots
Most written by clergymen therefore one view
Very controlled did not have reinassice - seen as mother, daughter, wife, widow nothing else
Could not serve as witness but could if men said it was okay - equal when suited them
Category of women moveable one is the men?


Paragraph 3 (work)

Shown in all types of work - records need to be taken with cation as males are over represented
Only recently brought up
Lacey - women workers in London played full role but had restrictions. High prostitution
Status of women differs therefore how a married and unmarried women will he recorded is different
Evidence from Poll tax shows women traders also shows in York 1381 53 head of House were women - occupation vague
Paris guilds of the 13th century 86/100 wet women - 6 exclusive to women


Paragraph 4 (nobles)

Wife of bath - way she is described large hips, red stockings. Married 5 times and had gone on excessive pilgrimage - way of covering up an illusive affair supposed. Stereotyping that women are ruled by their appetites and incapable of reason
Noble women - only had control temp if partner was away/dead. But had important role to play in society. Expected to develop relationships use their hospitality and exchange gifts - real power?
Did not get recognition for this
Important of Virgin Mary as role model for charity work was just expected from women


Paragraph 5 (religion)

Very few covenant to begin with - only excepted nobles. Archbishop Frederick 1 of cologne founded one for everyone - well needed
Emphasis of virginity - lower your value if you weren't. Adultery on their church. Punishment was withdrawal of sacraments
Hildegarde of bingden a saint warned women of heretics - vulnerable to them as they accepted them and they didn't feel second class here. Many became heretics after widowed.


Paragraph 6 (queen)

They were not absent - just dismissed as incidental - wives, mothers, meddled in politics. Unimportant
Just there to be queen mothers however some did not bear children. Marriage is the key to power - regents hold the power to get thing done but only then.
Vital role even in the back ground
Not all the childless queens were powerless - unsure is this was chance or choice


Women worker source

P. J. P. Goldberg 1992 -women, work and life cycle on a medieval economy


Queens source

Ereanfight 2016-


Noble source

Knoetze 2015
Watt 1997