Wound Terminology Flashcards Preview

Integumentary System > Wound Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wound Terminology Deck (16)
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1

Contusion

Caused by blow that disrupts skin integrity

Characterized by pain, edema, and discoloration

“Bruise”

2

Dehiscence

Separation, rupture/splitting of a wound closed by primary intention

3

Desiccated

Drying out or dehydration of a wound

4

Desquamation

Peeling/shedding of the outer layers of epidermis

Normally occurs in smalle scales

5

Ecchymosis

discoloration occurring below intact skin d/t traumat to underlying blood vessels

initial black/blue and progress to greenish brown or yellow

“Bruise”

6

Erythema

Diffuse redness of the skin d/t capillary dilation

7

Friable

Tissue that readily tears, fragments or bleeds when gently palpated or manipulated

8

Hematoma

Swelling or mass of clotted blood confined to a tissue, organ or space usually caused by a break in blood vessels

9

Hypergranulation

Increased thickness of th granulation layer of the epidermis that exceeds the surface height of the skin

10

Hyperpigmentation

excessive pigment in a tissue that causes it to appear darker than surrounding tissues

11

Hypertrophic scar

abnormal scar resettling from excessive collagen formation during healing

Raised, red, and firm with disorganized collagen fibers

12

Keloid

Abnormal scar formation that is out of portion to the scarring required for normal tissue repairs and is comprised of irregular distributed collagen bands

Exceeds the boundaries of the original wound appetizing red, thick, raised and firm

13

Maceration

Skin softening and degeneration that results from prolonged exposure to water or other fluids

14

Normotrophic scar

Characterized by the organized formation of collagen fibers that align in parallel fashion

15

Turgor

Relative speed which the skin resumes its normal appearance after being light pinched

Indicator of skin elasticity and hydration and normally occurs more slowly in older adults

16

Ulcer

Open sore/lesion of the skin accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue