XVI - Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

Histology > XVI - Female Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in XVI - Female Reproductive System Deck (37):
1

Ovaries: ovarian follicles, simple cuboidal surface or germinal epithelium

outer cortex

2

Ovaries: Loose connective tissue and large blood vessels

inner medulla

3

Ovaries: increase in size, 80% of corpus luteum, aromatase conversion of androstenedione to estradiol

granulosa lutein cells

4

Theca lutein cells, produce large amounts of progesterone and androstenedione

theca interna

5

Ovaries: maintained by hCG for 4-5 months

corpus luteum of pregnancy

6

Scar of connective tissue that forms at the site of a corpus luteum after its involution

corpus ablicans

7

Fallopian Tubes: funnel-shaped with finger-like extensions (fimbriae)

infundibulum

8

Fallopian Tubes: longest and expanded region where fertilization usually occurs

ampulla

9

Fallopian Tubes: narrow part near the uterus

isthmus

10

Fallopian Tubes: fused with uterus

intramural

11

Fallopian Tubes: Mucosa

simple columnar epithelium in numerous branching, longitudinal folds

12

Fallopian Tubes: ciliary movements sweep fluid toward the uterus

ciliated cells

13

Fallopian Tubes: non-ciliated, secretes glycoproteins of nutritive mucus film that covers the epithelium

secretory peg cells

14

Uterus: outer connective tissue layer

perimetrium

15

Uterus: thick tunic of highly vascularized smooth muscle interwoven layers

myometrium

16

Uterus: mucosa lined with simple columnar epithelium

endometrium

17

Endometrium: supplied by straight arteries

basal layer

18

Endometrium: supplied by spiral arteries, progesterone sensitive

functional layer

19

Embryo Implantation: between implanted embryo and myometrium

decidua basalis

20

Embryo Implantation: between embryo and uterine lumen which thins as the embryo grows larger

decidua capsularis

21

Embryo Implantation: on the side of the uterus away from the embryo

decidua parietalis

22

Embryo Implantation: site of exchange fro nutrients, wastes, oxygen and carbon dioxide between the mother and fetus and contains tissues from both

placenta

23

Placenta: embryonic part

chorion

24

Placenta: maternal part

decidua basalis

25

Embryo Implantation: endocrine organ, produces hCG, a lactogen, relaxin, growth factors, estrogen, progesterone

placenta

26

Lower cylindrical part of the uterus

cervix

27

Cervix: simple columnar epithelium with many large, branched, mucus-secreting cervical glands

endocervical mucosa

28

Cervix: area just outside the external os that shifts slightly with the cyclical changes in uterine size

transformation zone

29

Cervix: non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium continuous with that of the vagina

ectocervical mucosa

30

Cervix: mucus changes cyclically under the influence of

progesterone

31

Vaginal wall lacks

glands

32

Vaginal Wall Layers

mucosa (stratified squamous), muscular layer, adventitia

33

Female External Genitalia: Epithelium

stratified squamous

34

Female External Genitalia: space whose wall includes tubulo-acinar vestibular glands

vestibule

35

Female External Genitalia: homologous and histologically similar to the skin of the scrotum

labia majora

36

Female External Genitalia: homologous to penis

clitoris

37

Highly modified apocrine sweat glands with 15-20 lobes of compound alveolar type glands

mammary glands