You know next to nothing about wine.

Well, you know a red wine from a white wine...but not a Sauvignon Blanc from a Cabernet Sauvignon, and definitely not a Riesling from a Chardonnay.

But you want to because (1) you work in food / service / hospitality / marketing / journalism and some wine knowledge would greatly bolster your career opportunities; (2) you want to work in these industries but first, wish to educate yourself; or (3) you’re interested and would like to know more about wine for your own personal reasons.

And so you have decided to enroll for the WSET* Level 1 qualification in order to get your wine education off to the finest possible start there is.

To aid you on your way, the wine-lovin’ team here at Brainscape—the world’s smartest flashcard app—plundered our noggins for the best study hacks. We also sought the advice of our wine expert Brian Mitchell and the combination of the two is this awesome WSET ® Level 1 study guide.

With our advice, you can master the methods that will allow you to study most efficiently. And that’s important because efficient studying allows you to cover MORE material in LESS time. There is much more to what Brainscape has to offer for students such as yourself, such as our certified WSET 1 flashcards, but we’ll get to that in a bit.

Right now, let’s launch right into our best advice on how to pass the WSET 1 with distinction!

What you’ll learn in this WSET Level 1 study guide

[If you’re as geeky about wine as we are, join our Wine Community in Discord where we share all of our coolest facts, food pairing tips, wine life hacks, trivia, and so much more. Here, you can chat to other wine nerds from around the world and just generally live your best wine life!]

WAIT! Could you be eligible for the WSET Level 2?

Did you know that many people who have already begun to explore the world of wine in an informal capacity SKIP the introductory WSET 1 course and go straight to the second tier of the WSET?

If you know where Burgundy is, what Chardonnay tastes like, and how to swish, sniff, and assess wine, you could very likely kick off your formal education with the prestigious WSET Level 2.

To learn more about it, check out Brainscape’s guide on what to expect from the WSET Level 2. You can also check out the WSET 2 official specifications handbook.

Now, let’s get started ...

Study Tip 1: Know what to expect

Red wine bottle; WSET Level 1

Our first tidbit of advice is to learn what the WSET Level 1 demands of you so you can prepare, suit up, and rise to your challenge. Also, being prepared is the perfect salve for exam stress and anxiety.

For starters, the examination is a 45-minute, closed-book affair in which you must answer 30 multiple-choice questions on the following key learning outcomes:

  1. The key stages in grape growing and winemaking (6 questions),
  2. The types, characteristics, and styles of wines made from the world’s principal grape varieties (18 questions),
  3. The key principles and practices involved in storing and serving wine (6 questions).

So, before you face down the WSET Level 1 exam, you should be fully versed in:

  • The main types and styles of wine
  • Common wine grapes and their characteristics
  • How to pair food and wine
  • How to store and serve wine
  • How to describe wine using the WSET Systematic Approach to Tasting Wine ® (SAT)

This is what to expect in terms of the course content that will be tested in the exam. For more detailed information, remember to read Brainscape’s comprehensive guide on what to expect on the WSET Level 1 exam.

Study Tip 2: Work through a practice exam early on in the course

Man throwing practice exams; WSET Level 1 exam

Following on from our previous point about knowing what to expect is this juicy morsel of advice: find and work through a WSET 1 practice exam ... but do so early on in your course.

Sure, you probably won’t be able to answer many of the questions because you haven’t yet learned the material...but exposing your brain to the types of questions it's going to have to answer later on primes it for learning.

You’ll also get a great idea of what to expect from the exam, how long it is, how the questions are phrased, and what content is covered. So, as you work through the WSET 1 coursework, you’ll be able to view it through the eyes of the examiner. THIS will put you in an excellent position to study efficiently and score an excellent grade.

Exam practice is an important part of strong preparation. So if you want to get your paws on Brainscape’s WSET Level 1 practice exam, just sign up for our certified WSET 1 flashcards and you’ll have it in your inbox within minutes!

[See our complete tips for taking a WSET 1 practice test]

And on that subject, let’s chat a bit about Brainscape’s certified flashcards for the WSET 1 because they are THE KEY to unlocking efficient studying. (Hot damn, we just love a strong seque!)

Study Tip 3: Master the facts with Brainscape’s WSET 1 flashcards

The best study tool at your disposal is Brainscape’s certified WSET Level 1 flashcards, which break down the entire curriculum into a collection of engaging question-and-answer pairs.

Our panel of wine experts, led by industry veteran Brian Mitchell—a certified wine specialist, sommelier, wine judge, blogger, educator, and tour guide—created this flashcard class to help students such as yourself prepare for and ace the WSET 1. So, our third tip is that you sign up for our certified WSET 1 flashcards (where you'll receive your free practice exam), and start working through the class’s 125 flashcards on the facts you need to learn.

Brainscape WSET Level 1 for mobile
Brainscape WSET Level 1 for mobile: Each deck (examples: image on left) contains a collection of flashcards (example: image on right), which you can study alongside your in-person or online WSET Level 1 classes as you progress through the course.

Why is Brainscape such a powerful WSET 1 study aid?

We’re SO glad you asked!

Brainscape offers all the benefits of being a web and mobile app: You can take it with you wherever you go and use those little “in-between” moments to get some quality study time done (such as on the subway, between classes, before dinner, or while on the porcelain throne).

Perhaps more importantly, however, is that Brainscape combines these benefits of convenience and mobility with decades of cognitive science research. This is the real “secret sauce” behind the success of our learning platform—the fact that it leverages key cognitive principles to help your brain (1) learn more efficiently, and (2) remember what it learns.

For example, the app will repeat the flashcards you aren’t confident in more frequently, and those you do know well, less often. This is called spaced repetition, and it’s how our brains are hard-wired to (permanently) remember information.

Learn WSET Level 1 flashcards using Brainscape's spaced repetition algorithm
Brainscape delivers (and repeats) facts at just the right intervals for users to learn at an optimal rate, which makes for much more efficient learning. This is a cognitive science principle called “spaced repetition” and it really, really works!

This is just one facet of what we do here at Brainscape. There’s a whole science behind how our flashcard app works, so if you want to take a peek under the proverbial skirts, you should read about the sexy science behind Brainscape’s web and mobile app!

Study Tip 4: Consolidate the facts as you go along

Girl studying for the WSET Level 1 exam

The WSET 1 is probably not the biggest and most demanding exam you have ever, or will ever face in your life. The course length, plus the examination (45 minutes), plus time for self study is only six hours.

However, because the WSET 1 is considered a sort of gateway to the world of wine (for those with no prior knowledge) and to the WSET’s higher tier examinations, AND to all those career opportunities, it can be a high-stakes examination.

So rather than leave it all for the end of the course, the best way to approach studying is to consolidate the facts you learn in class as you progress through the course. On the day you learn about viticulture, for example, reread through the material, make your notes, and use Brainscape to practice the flashcards on viticulture until you have all the facts memorized.

Very important: Every day, spend a few minutes running through the information you’ve already covered in class. This consistent, daily review is what will help your brain master the facts so that, by the time you sit for the exam, you’ll know everything fluently.

No stress. No time crunch. No cramming.

Study Tip 5: Stick to the WSET 1 textbook (most recent edition)

WSET Level 1 Textbook

Many people taking the WSET 1 have day jobs and are using (quite literally) whatever spare time they can afford to study for the exam. If this is you, efficiency is crucial, so you should restrict your studies to two things and two things only:

  1. The latest edition of the official WSET Level 1 textbook / study guide
  2. Brainscape’s certified WSET 1 flashcards.

All of the questions you’ll come across in the exam will be taken from the textbook. So while it’s fun to browse the wine blogs, consume every documentary you can find on Netflix, and listen to podcasts, they aren’t, strictly speaking, necessary to pass the exam. (Though, of course, they are educational and add color to your wine journey!)

The reason we feel it’s important to include this tip here is that, as we mentioned, many people studying for this exam already have full-time commitments. But also, efficiency becomes critically important as you ascend through the WSET echelons and take on the second, third, and fourth-tier examinations.

These higher-level courses test an exponentially larger body of theoretical and practical knowledge than the WSET 1. So while, at this level, you may have the bandwidth to indulge your curiosity outside of the textbook, the ability to keep your studying hyper-efficient and focussed will become crucial to success.

[To know exactly what topics are covered in the exam, check out Brainscape’s guide on what to expect on the WSET Level 1]

Study Tip 6: Be wary of study group

Study groups for the WSET Level 1 exam

Because humans are social animals—and many hands make light work—we tend to think that studying in groups is a more effective and efficient way of preparing for an exam. This, however, is rarely the case. Especially when wine is involved.

For starters, you’re only as strong as your group’s weakest link, so if you spend the whole session focused on someone else, you might find your own needs neglected. Secondly, being around other people is distracting and you’ll likely find it difficult to concentrate and get what you need out of the time. Thirdly: WINE. Need I say more?

[Here’s the full scoop on why studying in groups isn’t the best way to prepare for exams]

Our advice is to keep the lion’s share of your studying to just you. Only once you're feeling pretty comfortable with the material should you arrange a study session with fellow WSET students or wine lovers.

Remember, group study is primarily good for three things:

  1. Getting help on the areas you struggle with,
  2. Consolidating what you’ve learned in class and through home study (teaching is a highly effective tool for learning a subject in depth), and
  3. A change of scenery if you’re tired of burying your head in the books.

So keep your session focussed on these outcomes and you’ll see the benefit.

Study Tip 7: Practice wine tasting

Woman with glass of red wine; WSET Level 1 exam

The excitement of discovery is the fun part about studying wine so we encourage you to take every opportunity to explore the principal wines of the world (especially those you can expect to come across in your WSET 1 course).

While there is no practical tasting exam in the WSET 1, applying the Systematic Approach to Tasting (SAT)—the theory of which you will be learning about in your course—to an actual wine tasting session is sure to bring to life the black-and-white text of your study notes.

Wine tasting practice is also good for building your practical experience and exposure to the wines you’ll be tested on in the exam. Trust me: it’s much easier to remember the difference between a Chablis and White Burgundy if you’ve actually tasted them!

Here are some great ideas for expanding your experience and exposure to wine:

  • Go for wine-tastings with friends (try local wineries, tastings hosted by wine retailers, or even just get together with a few bottles and practice)
  • Attend as many wine festivals, conferences, expos, and events as you can afford or get an invitation to.
  • Whenever you taste a new wine, read the winemaker’s notes on how the wine was made and what flavor and aroma notes to look out for. See if you can detect them!
  • Alternatively, write down your own tasting notes and begin to practice the SAT in your own steam with the wines you come across outside of the WSET 1 course.
  • Keep a wine journal to record the wines you try, their provenance, style, tasting notes, and what you liked or disliked about them.
  • You can also use a wine app (or three) like Vivino, Wine Ring, and Hello Vino to record your experiences and the different wines you try.

Study Tip 8: Don’t give a crap about what anyone else thinks!

Stormtroopers with wine glasses; WSET Level 1 exam

Last, but certainly not least is this sage bit of wisdom: The world of wine has a bit of an unfortunate reputation for being, er, unapproachable.

That’s just our polite way of saying carrot-up-the-arse snobby.

This can be quite intimidating to someone who is brand new to all of this and perhaps a little afraid of looking silly. Well, fear not! The sooner you can shrug off your self-consciousness, the better.

I once sniffed a New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc and let rip with the first thing I could think of: cat pee. I wasn’t wrong. It smelled pungent and tangy ... but the more ‘PC’ descriptor was gooseberry.

I got strange looks but our host congratulated me on my acute sense of smell because “cat pee” is a common description for the highly aromatic Sauvignon Blancs of Marlborough, New Zealand.

So … here are the NEW gold standards of exploring the world of wine:

  1. The only stupid question is the unasked question.
  2. When it comes to wine—and the aromas, flavors, and textures we perceive—it’s all opinion, baby! And since there’s no such thing as a right or wrong opinion, you should just let ‘er rip.

No matter how strange your observation, if you’re thinking it, there’s at least one other person thinking it, too.

In summary: How to study for the WSET Level 1 exam more efficiently

The science behind Brainscape
The three cognitive science principles of active recall, metacognition, and spaced repetition are the “secret sauce” to how Brainscape’s WSET 1 Flashcards help students really internalize and permanently onboard the information they need to pass the exam.

A hearty congratulations is in order for getting to this point!

The WSET is one of very few widely recognized and highly-respected qualifications in wine. And once you’ve got that WSET 1 pin speared through your shirt lapel, you should find the world of wine beginning to unfurl in the most splendiferous fashion, not only in terms of wonderment and intrigue but also job opportunities.

With this WSET Level 1 wine guide and Brainscape’s certified flashcards in your corner, acing the exam should be a breeze!

If you want to take your wine education even further than this introductory course, you should definitely consider the WSET 2 and even WSET 3 qualifications. These are powerful allies to have on your résumé for anyone who dreams of a career in wine.

*Disclaimer: Brainscape has worked with top wine experts to supplement the official publications and preparation offered by WSET.