09-12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 09-12 Deck (30):
1

Malaria prodome

Delirium or erratic behavior
Unarousable coma following a generalized convulsion
Fever
Lack of focal neurologic signs

2

What is apraxia

Able to understand but can't perform tasks right away, may be a delay

3

What is agnosia

inability to recognize previously familiar sensory input

4

What is asterognosis

ability to recognize objects by palpation in one hand but not the other

5

Weight when jumping to a C section in ok

4500 g in a mother with diabetes mellitus, or 5000 g in a non-diabetic patient

6

What is intertrigo

inflammation of skin folds caused by skin on skin friction

7

What is Erythrasma

caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum and presents as small reddish-brown macules that may coalesce into larger patches with sharp borders
*Tx with erythromycin*

8

Pertussis course of disease

URI for the first week followed by extremely intense coughing

9

Patellar-femoral syndrome is associated with

Inadequate hip abductor and abdominal strength

10

Drug that reduces insulin resistance

Pioglitazone

11

Best way to quit smokeless tobacco

behavioral interventions

12

Who do you need to be extra careful with when replacing thyroid hormone

elderly with coronary artery disease (do it slowly)

13

Best initial imaging study for acute pelvic pain

transvaginal ultrasound

14

UE DVT tx

Heparin for 5 days followed by warfarin for 3 months

15

Mirtazapine may be especially useful for what patients

Insomnia and weight loss

16

HTN drug that decreases uric acid

Losartan

17

Hgb target for CKD patients

10-12

18

Vocal chord disorder worse on?

Inspiration

19

What makes PE likely in new onset dyspnea

Chest pain

20

What occurs when the child’s hand is suddenly jerked up, forcing the elbow into extension

Subluxation of the head of the radius
Causes radial head to dislocate from annular ligament

21

If steroids + albuterol not helping asthma patients, what do you add

Mag sulfate

22

SIDS timeline

Before 6 months

23

Diet to reduce calcium oxelate stones

A low-sodium, restricted-protein diet with increased fluid intake reduces stone formation.
Can also take Potassium Citrate

24

What should be suspected in patients with metabolic acidosis and renal failure? what do you give

Ethylene glycol poisoning
Give fomepizole

25

Diabetes drug for patients on renal failure

Glipizide (Glucotrol)

26

Tx for recent coronary artery stent placement

Aspirin + Plavix for 6 months

27

Tx for essential tremor

B-blockers
Then Primidone (Mysoline)

28

1st line therapy for urge incontinence

Exercises and anticholinergics

29

DM dx criteria

fasting glucose >126 on two separate occasions
or glucose > 200 anytime or with symptoms

30

What makes spinal stenosis diff from herniated disk

pain received on sitting