13-16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 13-16 Deck (26):
1

Next best drug in DM pt's on insulin with normal renal function

Metformin

2

Vit D supplementation for breast fed babies

400 IU a day

3

Least likely thing you think would be good to decrease CV mortality

weight reduction

4

1st line PTSD tx

SSRIs

5

What increases success of voiding trials after surgery

A1 blockers simultaneously (Tamsulosin)

6

Shape of crystals in pseudogout

short blunt rods, rhomboids, and cuboids

7

Beefyness and redness around anus in young children

Group A strep

8

Tx for pneumothorax

Monitoring and follow up CXR in 24-48 hours

9

Food allergies that are often seen with latex allergies

avocados, bananas, chestnuts, and kiwi

10

Methadone cardiotoxicity

QT prolongation and torsades

11

Pseudomonas in hot tubs can cause

otitis externa, dermatitis, and folliculitis

12

What does CHADS stand for

Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age >75, Diabetes mellitus, and previous Stroke or transient ischemic attack.

13

Leading cause of cancer related deaths in US

lung

14

Best choice for initial therapy of RA

Methotrexate (and other DMARDs)

15

Ca effect in hyperkalemia

For arrythmia, doesn't lower Potassium

16

What do you give in PCP pneumonia for patients on TMP/SMX

Also give corticosteroids

17

Scaphoid fracture tx by location

Proximal 1/3 -> Call ortho
Other parts can be handled using a thumb spica cast

18

initial tx for penile d/c

Erythomycin + ceftriaxone or cefixime
*suspect Mycoplasma or Ureaplasma and Trichomonas if it doesn't go away and add metronidazole*

19

2 doses of varicella vaccine recommended for

all immunocompetent children (no live vaccines for immunodef)

20

thiazolidinediones BBW

Heart failure (i.e. Pioglitazone)
(also not good for type 1 DM and Hepatic failure)

21

Treatment of otitis media in patients under 2

10 days of Amoxicillin
(5-7 days in children older)
*No azithromycin due to inc resistance*

22

Bilateral nipple pain and soreness after feeding

Candida

23

Cat scratch disease treatment

Azithromycin

24

How old until children can use fluoride toothpaste

2 months

25

Large tongue seen with

Down's, amyloidosis, acromegaly

26

Tx for mild to moderate allergic rhinitits

Inhaled corticosteroids